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1 FF2008/06/03() 16:36:31 ID:???
ŋ߂݂ȉĂH

2 F F2008/06/03() 23:27:40 ID:???
http://www.imeem.com/gotgroove/music/vk7mv8oU/pete_namlook_mixmaster_morris_aquarium/
http://www.imeem.com/people/0rH_YYX/music/nFjgzhTr/basinski_william_dlp_11/
http://www.imeem.com/groups/Nvmcp3mW/music/-DZmkmO6/harold_budd_10_rue_casmir_delavigne_for_daniel_lentz/
http://www.imeem.com/people/LQCx136/music/NEr76ZNn/zoviet_france_neptune/
http://www.imeem.com/groups/q8qBDdXu/music/e5ibyrVG/tosca_ambient_emely/
http://www.imeem.com/groups/tPsIkF95/music/m7lEy2d2/steven_halpern_om_suite_om_1/
http://www.imeem.com/groups/eBMMc94p/music/t7KNh70J/streamline_the_earth_ambient/
http://www.imeem.com/people/84gLyP/music/T4orZ7MN/tangerine_dream_nebulous_dawn/
http://www.imeem.com/tealarizona/music/mmFrLErL/lifescapes_meditation/

3 F F2008/06/03() 23:28:36 ID:???
Ȃ̍lĂ邱Ƃ͑SĂʂI@Č@ւl̐Sǂދ@BJ

ăJ[lM[wllĂ邱Ƃǂݎ邱Ƃ\ȃVXe̊JĂƂ2܂łɓw̔\ɂ薾炩ƂȂB

̌EJŝ͓wŐlHm\̌sĂgE~bFiTom Mitchellj𒆐SƂ錤O[vB

O[v͊jCXLipăqg̔]̊p^[A^Cŉ͂sƂɂAAǂƂlĂ̂ǂݎ邱Ƃ\ȃVXeJɐB

́u}ChE[fBOE}Vvqg̐Sǂݎ邽߂ɂ́A\߁A팱҂̒P̈Ӗ邱ƂAzۂ̔]̊p^[͂ĂKv邪A
9̃{eBAgł́AuvuHוvƂ58ނ̒P̂ǂlĂ̂A90̐xœĂ邱ƂɐƂĂB

O[vł́u}ChE[fBOE}Vv̌i߂邱ƂɂāAqgǂߒ𕨎lĂ̂A]ɂvlASỶ𖾂ɂȂƂĂB

http://www.technobahn.com/news/2008/200806031530.html

4 F F2008/06/03() 23:29:01 ID:???
OCXeNmW[A]gő삷uC}EXo׊Jn

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uj[ECpXEANG[^[v͕OCXeNmW[JsiŁA2007N3ɊJÂꂽƓdȋ{suCeBITvōŏɔ\ꂽ̂ƂȂB
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iɓYtĂhCo͔ėp̃Q[Rg[[̋@\Ă邽߁AĂ΁AŝPCp3ANVQ[]ggđ삷ƂƂ\B

hCȏA]gɂPCɊ邽߂̒Pȃe[uejXQ[Ȃǂ̃\tgYtĂB

kĎsł̔̔i200hOƂȂ錩ʂB

http://www.technobahn.com/news/2008/200806031616.html

5 F F2008/06/03() 23:30:14 ID:???
zlEzЉpTV̎\錤

ZAKZAK̋L(http://www.zakzak.co.jp/gei/2008_05/g2008053114_all.html)ɂƁA
ZFEP[uerőJ:COMEw lHHwZ^[̎O҂Aer̎\Ɋւ鋤sB

IȂ̂́Ãerf[^gAl̎ƃCtX^C𔽉fzlpzЉ\ăV~[VsƁB
΁Aԑgf[^͂邾ŐVԑg̎\ł悤ɂȂ邻B
̔wiƂĔԑgҐ͋ɂ鎋Ґ̌ڎwCATV̎vf悤AāAǂȕWc̎\Ă݂ł?

http://slashdot.jp/articles/08/06/03/0121200.shtml

6 F F2008/06/03() 23:31:29 ID:???
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7 F F2008/06/03() 23:38:13 ID:???
NCbN[F15ԂLȃ[AhX𔭍s
http://15qm.com/

Super MailerFt[[2bŎ擾
http://www.supermailer.jp/

Av
http://www.upken.jp/junk/

GOGO[
http://55mail.cc/

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http://ichimail.com/

10Ah
http://www.10minutemail.com/10MinuteMail/index.html

myTrashMail
http://www.mytrashmail.com/meiwakume-ru.aspx?language=jp

PookMail
http://www.pookmail.com/

8 F F2008/06/03() 23:39:45 ID:???
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9 F F2008/06/03() 23:41:00 ID:???
VAXnn҂̒MeI[NV

1924NɎn܂|p^ uVAXv̑nn҃AhEug̒Me9_A
21pŊJÂꂽI[NVɂA320[ i52000~jŗDꂽB
̒ɂ1924Nɏꂽ uVAX錾v ̌e܂܂ĂB

http://artgene.blog.ocn.ne.jp/news/2008/06/post_c2ac.html

10 F F2008/06/04() 01:49:22 ID:???
pHTMLpbJ[̃W}

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Weby[W̑唼_ƂĂ邱Ƃ́CɒlȂB

ij

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pbLOŐ}EGÄɑΏ@ɂẮC̃ACfAĂB

iVvɂ΂قǕsȃ\tgEGA /R[h肵₷ȂCƍߎ҂˂~߂Ԃق̏yƂcׂB

http://itpro.nikkeibp.co.jp/article/COLUMN/20080603/305861/

11 F F2008/06/04() 01:51:37 ID:???
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12 F F2008/06/04() 16:52:50 ID:???
NextReality
2008-06-04
Organic User Interfaces

http://d.hatena.ne.jp/rkmt/20080604/1212532127

13 F F2008/06/04() 16:53:10 ID:???
Ђ܂
2008N0604
FFFTPɃZLeBz[

http://blog.livedoor.jp/hpg/archives/50336987.html

14 F F2008/06/04() 16:53:32 ID:???
Ђ䂫LI[vSNSB
2008-06-04 06:41:00
ȂłfW^f[^ɕϊ

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15 F F2008/06/04() 16:53:53 ID:???
܂ŐĂ邩̂悤ɐ郋[}jA̎R

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hLłȂuTrovantvƂ΂AJ~ɂǂǂ傫ȂĂȂĂƂ̂ƁB
ڂ炵ċȐ̑L@IȌŁACɂȂĂ܂B

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Trovant̎ʐ^̓N(http://www.foto-magazin.ro/fotolocation_open.php?art=ftm20/archives/2006/11/trovanti_galeri.html)(http://www.descopera.ro/galerie/928916-trovanti-formatiuni-geologice-costesti-jud-valcea)

16 F F2008/06/04() 16:54:14 ID:???
񎟐E̐Eǂ肾ꂽn}

m푈(哌푈) n܂钼O1941N10ɐ삳ꂽ̂́uPOST-WAR NEW WORLD MAPvB
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17 F F2008/06/04() 16:55:33 ID:???
uXg[[vECX͎Ȃ\\VȖf[o

ZLeBƂłtBh̃GtEZLAȂǂ2008N64AuStorm WormiXg[[jvECXɊ悤ƂVȖf[oĂƂĒӂĂтB
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̂߈ꕔ񓹂ł́AuXg[[͐łvƂƂ̃RgĂB
AVȖf[ECXTCgmFāAXg[[g݁hł邱Ƃ炩ƂȂB
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{URLɃANZXƁAuLove RiddlesvȂǂƏꂽECXTCgɗUB
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ꂪECX̎́B
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http://itpro.nikkeibp.co.jp/article/NEWS/20080604/306070/

18 F F2008/06/04() 17:06:23 ID:???
Morton Feldman

http://www.imeem.com/people/pb1WJ_/music/1NeSeJZA/morton_feldman_for_philip_gustoni/
http://www.imeem.com/people/yMoPR_/music/2kDlw-U2/morton_feldman_patterns_in_a_chromatic_field/
http://www.imeem.com/beescope/music/KMCJg6Id/morton_feldman_morton_feldman_durations_vmp3/
http://www.imeem.com/groups/_t1te_Fs/music/K6zcd_n3/morton_feldman_voices_and_cello/
http://www.imeem.com/groups/_t1te_Fs/music/MUVo73Gf/morton_feldman_rothko_chapel_5/
http://www.imeem.com/horstjaquet/music/WvyG8tZA/morton_feldman_ensemble_recherch_samoa_1968extract/
http://www.imeem.com/groups/_t1te_Fs/music/7GRfomED/morton_feldman_a_non_accented_legato/

19 F F2008/06/04() 17:06:54 ID:???
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20 F F2008/06/04() 17:07:14 ID:???
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21 F F2008/06/04() 17:13:02 ID:???
{VXR

22 F F2008/06/04() 20:28:08 ID:???
ALSOKPC24ԃG[WFgĎASPT[rXCR΍

xۏiALSOKj́Cf[^̎oЊOւ̃[MȂǊƓ̋@̘R24365Ď/񍐂T[rXuPCĎvC2008N65ɊJnB
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http://itpro.nikkeibp.co.jp/article/NEWS/20080604/306212/

23 F F2008/06/04() 20:28:39 ID:???
YuEU[uSleipnirvuGranivɐƎ㐫AŐVłɍXV
uCɓ茟v@\ɖAʂ̕ŃXNvgs̋

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http://itpro.nikkeibp.co.jp/article/NEWS/20080604/306425/

24 F F2008/06/05() 07:10:47 ID:???
ŋ߂́uStorm[vpbJ[𕪐͂

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http://itpro.nikkeibp.co.jp/article/COLUMN/20080604/306165/

25 F F2008/06/06() 01:11:17 ID:???
lԂvׂtAMRIXLŒTm

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ȂƁA]MRIXL邱ƂŁA̐lvׂĂPTmł񂾂łB
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http://www.gizmodo.jp/2008/06/mri_1.html

26 F F2008/06/06() 01:15:23 ID:???
댯WebTCg̃zXeBOłʃhĆu.hkv

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http://itpro.nikkeibp.co.jp/article/NEWS/20080605/306708/

27 F F2008/06/06() 01:20:37 ID:???
SunJava ASP ServerɐƎ㐫AAbvf[gJ
pƃ[g̍U҂root܂́uSun Java ASPT[oǗҁv̌ŔCӂ̃R[hsł悤ɂȂB

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SuñA[gɂ΁Apƃ[g̔F؂󂯂ȂU҂root܂́uSun Java ASPT[oǗҁv̌ŔCӂ̃R[hsł悤ɂȂB

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SolarisALinuxAWindowsȂǂ̑SvbgtH[e󂯂B
Sun͖CAbvf[głJava ASP Server 4.0.3AWebTCgŌJĂB

http://www.itmedia.co.jp/enterprise/articles/0806/05/news025.html

28 F F2008/06/06() 01:24:51 ID:???
Win Skill
2008/6/5() 11:01 PM

VAƂNbNpbƂTCguCrack Foundv

http://winskill.blog117.fc2.com/blog-entry-264.html

29 F F2008/06/06() 11:24:34 ID:???
ɈÍċECX

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́A̎̃X𓭂}EFAĂ̂낤?

http://slashdot.jp/security/article.pl?sid=08/06/06/0042248

30 F F2008/06/06() 12:29:16 ID:???
TCo[U΍ōۋ@؂񋤗LTCg

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My Serotonin Level Is Low The chemical messenger serotonin, thought to be implicated in depression and anxiety, may change the way we see fairness in social situations. Serotonin is a chemical messenger thought to modulate depression, anger, sleep, sexuality...even vomiting. (Eighty percent of the body's serotonin is found in the gut.) But a recent paper in Science suggests a causal link between serotonin levels and how one perceives fairness. Researchers depleted serotonin in subjects?via fasting and amino acid loading?then asked them to participate in an ultimatum game. In it, a proposal is made to the subject to unevenly split a sum of money. If the subject accepts, both parties get paid; if the proposition is rejected, both walk away with nothing. Typically, people reject lowball offers of 20 to 30 percent of the total sum?but those with depleted serotonin turned down amounts as high as 80 percent of the total. Researchers note that their moods did not change?only their behavior?meaning their perception of "fairness" became severely skewed. Serotonin is implicated in so many emotions that it's difficult to pin down its global role in the brain, says Molly Crockett the lead author, "So it's exciting when we can see a specific behavior affected by serotonin." This research might shed light on the possible role of serotonin in the perceived "unfairness" and anger we often see accompanying depression. http://www.sciam.com/podcast/episode.cfm?id=68FC98F1-E48A-251D-8F65277181DB9A4E&sc=rss 63 F F2008/06/11() 15:10:46 ID:??? 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WindowsIEɊ댯ȐƎ㐫3AʐMoRōU󂯂鋰 Weby[Wt@C̉{ŔQɁA}ɏCpb̓Kp }CN\tg2008N611AWindowsInternet ExploreriIEjȂǂɊւZLeB7JB ̂3́Aő[xi댯xjň́uً}vB ׍H{ꂽWeb y[Wt@CJŁAȃvOiECXȂǁjs댯B JꂽZLeBXVvOiCpbjKpΏCłB ő[xuً}ṽZLeB͈ȉ3B i1jmMS08-030nBluetoothX^bN̐Ǝ㐫ɂA[gŃR[hs (951376) i2jmMS08-031nInternet Explorerp̗ݐϓIȃZLeBXVvO (950759) i3jmMS08-033nDirectX̐Ǝ㐫ɂA[gŃR[hs (951698) ő[xォ2Ԗڂ́udvvɐݒ肳Ă͈̂ȉ3B i4jmMS08-034nWINS̐Ǝ㐫ɂAi (948745) i5jmMS08-035nActive Directory̐Ǝ㐫ɂAT[rXۂN (953235) i6jmMS08-036nPragmatic General Multicast (PGM) ̐Ǝ㐫ɂAT[rXۂN (950762) ő[xォ3Ԗځi2Ԗځj́uxvɐݒ肳Ă͈̂ȉ1B i7jmMS08-032nActiveXKill Bit̗ݐϓIȃZLeBXVvO (950760) http://itpro.nikkeibp.co.jp/article/NEWS/20080611/307604/?P=1&ST=security http://itpro.nikkeibp.co.jp/article/NEWS/20080611/307604/?P=2&ST=security 65 F F2008/06/11() 18:16:12 ID:??? 35ҏWc̈ꉖ^J SȂ35̑\IaCҏWc瓾ꂽꉖ^̕px񂪁A12EFuTCgŌJ邱ƂɂȂB qg̈q́AllɂȈႢB Qm̉z1ςĂꏊl1%ȏɌꍇAꉖ^ (SNPXjbv)ƂB ̕aCɂ₷AɋpqgƁAꉖ^Ƃ̊Ԃɂ͊֘A邱ƂXɌĂB ̃f[^J͗wƉȊwZpU@\2003Ni߂ĂuI[_[ChÎvWFNgv̈B łɓwȊwɐ݂ĂoCIoNWpɎWĂ35̓{lҏWc191|195lDNA𗝉wQmȊwZ^[͂B ̌ʓꂽ35ҏWc̈ꉖ^px񂪁AJSNPf[^x[XŌJB JSNPf[^x[Xɂ́A{lʏWcɌ20J̈ꉖ^̕px񂪎߂ĂÃf[^͍N10JĂB ̕WIȓ{l̈ꉖ^f[^ƁAJ35̊ҏWc̈ꉖ^pxr錤OŐi߂邱ƂŁAaC╛pɊ֌WVȈqXɌƊ҂ĂB uI[_[ChÎvWFNgv́AVÖff̊JAlɂ@J邽߂̃vWFNgŁAwQmȊwZ^[q͂̒SIȖʂĂB http://scienceportal.jp/news/daily/0806/0806111.html 66 F F2008/06/11() 18:17:17 ID:??? C^[lbgɂĎ̒mI\͂͒ቺĂH The Atlantic.com(http://www.theatlantic.com/doc/current)VɌfڗ\Nick Carr̋LuIs Google making us stupid?v ł́AlEFugȂĂƋɁÃeNmW[̐gɎ荞݂͂߂Ƃ̘_A_oȊw̌𓥂܂󂯂œWJĂB iCNET.coḿuIs Google making us stupid?vƑ肳ꂽLhttp://news.cnet.com/8301-13505_3-9962935-16.htmlj Ȃ񂾂lԂ̔\͂L閣͓IȘbɕ邪ACarr͎̂悤ɌxB uC^[lbg͎̔Fm\͂ɑ傫ȉe^ĂB vmȂقǃptȃRs[^VXełC^[lbg͑̒mIZp܂ĂĂB C^[lbg͎̒n}ł莞vłA@ł^CvC^[łAvZ@AdbAWIłerłB lbg}̂zƂA̔}̂̓lbgЂȌƂčČBv lbgɎ荞܂ꂽ}̂̃Recɂ̓nCp[N\A_łLgݍ܂AX̌||̋@\tA̎荞܂ꂽ}̂̃RecŎ͂܂ꂽpɌς̂łB ĂeNmW[glԂ̔]͔ɍ߁AeNmW[̐l@\悤gςƂB C^[lbgɐڑpxƓx[܂قǁAHRƂ[vl\͂AoCgTCY̏vɏAƃiiǂ݂悤ɂȂĂȂ낤H C^[lbg̍LƂƂɁAl͂ǂωĂāAꂩǂ̂悤ɕωĂ̂낤H/.J̌肢B http://slashdot.jp/it/article.pl?sid=08/06/11/0621247 67 F F2008/06/11() 18:18:22 ID:??? How Brain Hears Over Din Research begins to unravel the cocktail party effect, in which you can somehow follow individual lines of conservation that you concentrate on, despite loud competing sounds. At a crowded party, it seems like it would be hard to hear the person youfre talking to over all the clinking glasses, the chatter and laughter. But somehow, your brain filters out all the noise. Scientists have known about this useful ability for over 50 years?itfs called the cocktail party effect. But theyfre still trying to figure out how the brain does it. A new study in the journal Public Library of Science Biology hints at an answer. Neuroscientists played one repeating tone to volunteers, along with a bunch of louder, distracting tones of different pitches. The participants pressed a button if they heard the right tone. Meanwhile, the researchers were monitoring the subjectsf brain activity. Turns out even when the subjects didnft think they could detect the repeating tone, it still traveled from the inner ear to the auditory cortex. Somewhere after that initial processing, though, it got discarded before the person was consciously aware of it. So all those other conversations at a party probably likewise make it into your brain. But they get thrown away before youfre aware of them. Unless of course, youfre eavesdropping. http://www.sciam.com/podcast/episode.cfm?id=761DAE19-D6E1-DF18-2CE26EF992B24D2A&sc=rss 68 F F2008/06/12() 05:11:02 ID:??? ͂܂ł!? ]gő삷}EXߓI I[o[NbNnW[̃[J[ƂĂmOCZA]gő(?)Ƃj[NȃnYt[}EXuNeural Impulse ActuatorvߓoꂷB i3̃ZT[twbhoĥ̂ƁAUSBڑ̍^BOXƂ\B BOXPCƐڑB{ɓח\ƂĂp\RnEXfłu]gő삷ƕĂ邪ڍׂ͕słvƂB ЃtH[TCgł́uȂ܂łɗKKvAĂ܂΃Q[\vƂLڂ̂قACrysisHalf Life2AQuakeƂFPSvC\ƂĂB Ȃ񂾂SFbNŃj[NȐiB \29800~B@\lƈӊOɈƂۂAʂāccB http://ascii.jp/elem/000/000/141/141303/ 69 F F2008/06/12() 05:11:35 ID:??? _oȊw:H~Ɩ򕨈ˑ(Highlights) h[p~VOiB́̕Aǂ򕨈ˑȂǂ̐_wIُɊ֌WƂĂB _^pNDARPP-32́A]̐̂Ńh[p~VOiB𒇉dvȈqŁÂł̓h[p~쓮̊VƊwKɊ֌WĂB ADARPP-32̊jł̒~ςɂĂVKVOiBJXP[hꂽB ̌oH́AH~̂悤ȐIhƗp򕨂̗ɂėUB ̃JXP[h̕ɂāAsւ̖򕨂̉eωAH~ቺ肷邽߁A̋@\in vivoł̃h[p~VOiB̍pɂĂƍlB http://www.natureasia.com/japan/nature/updates/index.php?i=66749 70 F F2008/06/12() 05:12:09 ID:??? Have we underestimated total oil reserves? Black gold might not be as scarce as we thought. This week oil prices escalated to a record 139 per barrel, but that may partly be because the amount of available oil in known reserves has been significantly underestimated. So says Richard Pike, a former oil-industry adviser and chief executive of the UK Royal Society of Chemistry, who blames flawed statistical calculations. Oil companies produce a bell-shaped probability distribution for how much each oil reservoir might hold, and then quote as an indicator of the reservoir's capacity a figure they are 90 per cent certain they can exceed. When publishing a result for multiple reservoirs, they simply add up the figures for each one. And this is where the problem lies. "They should be combining the bell curves for each reservoir," says Pike. Adding the numbers for each reservoir ignores statistical information about the extremes of the distribution, giving a result which underestimates the true total figure for all the reservoirs. According to published estimates, there are 1200 billion barrels still to be extracted, but Pike says there could in fact be twice as much. "The figures are almost meaningless and just provide a conservative estimate for shareholders." Pike claims that most oil companies do calculate statistically accurate estimates of the combined capacity of their oil reserves, but no one can access this information to work out how much oil there really is in total. "All companies keep their internal probabilistic estimates quiet," he says. http://environment.newscientist.com/channel/earth/mg19826602.800-have-we-underestimated-total-oil-reserves.html?feedId=online-news_rss20 71 F F2008/06/12() 16:19:18 ID:??? P2P͂قǌIȂH qEuP͊ȒPv uInterop Tokyo 2008v11AuP2PZp̕vƑ肵Rt@XJÂꂽB uP2Plbg[Ncv̎؎[LOO[v卸𖱂߂NTTR~jP[VYiNTT Comj̎RB玁AP2PzMVXe̗LmF邽߂ɍsȂ؎̌ʂЉB ʂ́AP2PzMVXeɉP̗]n邱ƂяオB P2PzMVXéA]̃ReczMlbg[NɔׂăT[o[ւ̃gtBbN邽߁AzM̓RXg̍팸ɂȂB ŔAuwgtBbNۑ̖@xƂ΁AT[o[ŌgtBbNǂɉĂ\vƎwEB () P2PzMVXe̗LɂāAt@C\tguWinnyv̊J҂SkeedCast̊JɂgqÊ͎悤ɃRgB u܂A݂ȂWinnyǂɂĂقƎvĂ邩ȂBA̕ŉւȂڂł܂A_ƂĎoȂ̂B AWinnył́wƂ̃m[h̒ʐMxƂ̃[jO͂ĂBȂANX^O̊TO邽߁Axm[hԂ̐ڑĂ邪Ał̓lbg[N͑̕SĂȂBv pP2PvỎPĂтRɑ΂ẮAuQlłf[^oĂ΁AiSkeedCastɁjgݍނƂ͊ȒPvƉB ܂AJt@Xł́AP2Plbg[Nc̃KChC胏[LOO[v卸𖱂߂铌ww@̍]_ѓQB uASԂłƋł΁AȂʐM厖ɎgƂV~[VʂoĂB610ɎQȂ̉cł́AwXg[~O̕Y܂AP2P̕Rg[₷xƂISP̈ӌB Ԃł́AP2PISP̌ocĂƂAł͂ȂƂƂ݂ȂƋLvƉɌĂтB http://internet.watch.impress.co.jp/cda/event/2008/06/12/19906.html 72 F F2008/06/12() 16:20:13 ID:??? C^[lbg̔ƍs\LTCgu\.inv }XR~eЂ̕񓹂ɂƁA8ɔHt̘Aʂ薂̔ƐĺAC^[lbgŔƍs\sĂłA ɑ΂ăC^[lbg̔ƍs\WρELAƍ߂𖢑RɖhTCgu\.in(http://yokoku.in/)voꂵ܂B ƍs\ꍇA₩ɓe邱ƂŏLł悤ɂȂƂ̂ƁB ́u\.inv̓C^[lbg̔ƍs\WρELAƍ߂𖢑RɖhƂړĨTCgłB u͂ĂȃubN}[Nvu2˂v̑̃uOȂǂƍs\֘A̋LIɎ擾قA ƍs\URLƓe𓊍ełtH[ƍs\Lł郁[OXgAƍs\ɂĂ܂Ƃ߂Wikiuƍs\yfBAvȂǂ̃T[rX񋟂Ă܂B ً}̂ꍇ110ԒʕȂǂĂ܂AʂĂŗ\ƍ߂𖢑RɖhƂł悤ɂȂ̂ł傤B http://gigazine.net/index.php?/news/comments/2008612_yokoku_in/ ƍߗ\LTCgu\.invAćgh󂯊J http://internet.watch.impress.co.jp/cda/news/2008/06/12/19910.html ƍs\WTCgu\.invJ@u0~A2Ԃōv http://www.itmedia.co.jp/news/articles/0806/12/news036.html 73 F F2008/06/12() 16:20:33 ID:??? 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75 F F2008/06/12() 17:39:40 ID:???
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76 F F2008/06/12() 19:04:16 ID:???
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78 F F2008/06/12() 19:56:00 ID:???
Questions on U.S. Beef Remain(1)

About 50 countries, including Korea, Taiwan and Japan the last of which accounted for 36 percent of American beef exports closed their doors to
American beef after the first confirmed case of mad cow disease was found in Moses Lake, Wash., in December 2003.

The circumstances of that first case, and the defensive reactions of the United States Department of Agriculture after its discovery, led to years of skepticism by
American consumer groups and difficult negotiations with foreign countries over reopening their markets -- especially in Asiafs wealthier countries, where consumers are used to demanding that their governments certify that imported food is safe.

Although the first infected cow was probably not a gdownerh -- too diseased or crippled to walk -- it was part of a shipment of broken-down old dairy cows,
and it became clear from press reports that some small slaughterhouses specialized in taking such borderline animals, which often had to be hoisted or winched out of their trucks on chains.

Also, by the time the test results came back two weeks after the cow was killed, it had already been ground into hamburger, mixed with 10,000 pounds of meat from other animals and shipped to supermarkets.
Despite a multi-state recall, experts conceded that much had undoubtedly been cooked and eaten. The cowfs spinal cord -- likely to contain the most infectious material -- had been sent to a plant that made food for pets and pigs.

In the wake of the first case, the Agriculture Department issued assurances that American beef was safe. Although most Americans did not stop buying beef, foreign customers were openly skeptical, for several reasons.

79 F F2008/06/12() 19:58:44 ID:???
Questions on U.S. Beef Remain(2)

The chief one was that the United States was testing only a tiny fraction of the 30 million animals it slaughtered each year. In 1997,
the year it banned feeding ruminant protein to other ruminants because of the suspicions about the disease in Europe, it tested only 219 animals. In 2003,
when the first positive was found, it was testing about 20,000 a year.

At the time, European countries were testing 10 million animals annually, and the Japanese were testing every one of the 1.2 million they slaughtered.

Even after the first case was found, the department initially resisted increased its testing, and then raised it to only about 40,000 animals a year.

Department officials explained that their testing was only for surveillance, not food safety.
The sampling was designed to give 95 percent certainty of finding the disease if it existed in one in a million cattle which is the rate that would be expected from spontaneous genetic mutations,
such as those found in humans with the degenerative brain disease known as Creutzfeld-Jakob syndrome.

There were other suspicions about its motives. Many other countries have food safety agencies that are separate from their agriculture departments, which exist primarily to help farmers and increase farm sales. In the United States,
however, the Agriculture Department, not the Food and Drug Administration, certifies meat as safe.

The secretary of agriculture at the time,
Ann M. Veneman, was a former food industry lobbyist and her spokeswoman had previously been the chief spokeswoman for the beef lobby.

The department initially took some more measures to increase safety and reassure customers.

80 F F2008/06/12() 20:00:21 ID:???
Questions on U.S. Beef Remain(3)

It approved rapid tests that could give results on carcasses while they were still in the slaughterhouse.
(Carcasses are usually chilled for 24 hours after slaughter to make them easier to cut up.) It banned downer cattle from the food supply.

And in early 2004, the Food and Drug Administration announced plans to ban feeding cow blood, waste from chicken coop floors and plate waste from restaurants to cattle.
Blood had been in formula fed to calves as a substitute for milk, chicken feed could contain rendered beef protein, and restaurant waste, of course, included beef.

But some Agriculture Department decisions were not reassuring.
Under political pressure, the F.D.A. bans on cow blood, chicken dung and plate waste were never implemented.

In early 2004, the Agriculture Department denied a Kansas beef producer,
Creekstone Farms Premium Beef, permission to test all of its cows so it could again ship beef to customers in Japan, which had agreed to accept tested cows.
The company complained that it was losing $40,000 a day and had had to lay off 50 employees while it could not export to Japan. The department refused, saying such testing would gimply a consumer safety aspect that is not scientifically warranted.h American consumer groups were apoplectic, but the beef industry which did not want to be pressured to spend$25 or so testing every animal applauded the move.
Creekstone is still suing the Agriculture Department for the right to test.

Then, in mid-2005, when the second case of mad cow disease was confirmed in the U.S., it was revealed that the Agriculture Department had concealed for seven months the fact that one of the tests it had performed on the sample had been positive.
The test similar to one used in other countries had been ruled gexperimentalh and not reported.

81 F F2008/06/12() 20:01:27 ID:???
Questions on U.S. Beef Remain(4)

Finally, bending to pressure from consumer groups and from its own inspector general, which had called its testing seriously flawed, the Agriculture Department tested 650,000 animals in 2005 and 2006 about one out of every 90 slaughtered.

Ultimately, only three confirmed positive animals were found, suggesting that the disease,
if it was present at all in the American beef supply, was at very low levels possibly at one time in older animals born before the feed ban, or in a few animals who developed spontaneous cases.

Tokyo lifted the ban on American beef in late 2005, after a food safety commission ruled that American safety measures were now adequate,
but reinstated it less than a month later after Japanese inspectors found backbone in imported veal. Japan lifted the ban again in July 2006.

However, in February, an animal rights group, the Humane Society of the United States, released videotapes it had taken at animal auctions showing downer cows being shocked,
prodded with forklifts and blasted with hoses to force them into standing long enough so they could be certified for slaughter ? again raising questions about how rigorously the Agriculture Department enforces food-safety rules.

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86 F F2008/06/13() 07:48:17 ID:???
Ultraviolet Glow Betrays Impending Supernova(1)

In the latest in a series of supernova firsts, scientists report in Science that they pinpointed a star that flared in the ultraviolet portion of the spectrum for several hours before blowing itself apart in a supernova.
The researchers believe the finding represents the earliest visible sign of an imminent supernova?a surge in temperature as the expanding internal shock wave strains to break free of the star but has yet to shred it apart.

A type II supernova, or stellar explosion, occurs when a star of at least eight times our sun's mass runs out of nuclear fuel at its core. Without nuclear energy to puff it up, its massive gravity causes the core to implode,
producing a shock wave that rips through the star's outer layer and finally blows it apart, releasing a flood of x-rays.
But researchers believe that the first sign of death would actually be the heating of the star's surface as the expanding shock wave sends out hot radiation ahead of it.

"The first photons that would tell you this core collapse has happened are these UV photons," says astronomer Kevin Schawinski of the University of Oxford in England, who led the study. "It's really precious information,
because when the shock wave then hits the surface of the star, there's very little information about the star that's left," he says, because the star itself is destroyed."

Astronomers typically detect supernovae as flashes of visible light, which occur a few days after the actual explosion as the radiation cools down.
To probe deeper, they have to either get creative?or lucky.
In March, astronomers reported that they had observed an outburst of x-rays from the supernova SN 2008D when it happened to go off while a telescope was trained on its home galaxy to study a previous supernova.

87 F F2008/06/13() 07:48:38 ID:???
Ultraviolet Glow Betrays Impending Supernova(2)

In the new study, Schawinski and his colleagues compared a database of supernovae spotted by their visible light with measurements of ultraviolet light from stars taken in early 2004 by NASA's GALEX satellite.
They found one explosion?dubbed SNLS-04D2dc?for which the parent star began to shine in the ultraviolet for seven hours.
They estimated that the shock wave reached the surface of the star four hours into the UV flare-up.

Schawinski says the duration of the ultraviolet glow indicates the size of the star.
In this case, it was apparently in a bloated form known as a red supergiant.
He says the hot radiation from the shock wave would have rapidly heated the star, shifting its color from red to blue-white and finally into the ultraviolet.

So are researchers going to turn around next week and find an even earlier sign of an impending supernova? That's pretty unlikely.
They believe there would indeed be two earlier signals of core collapse?a burst of ghostly particles called neutrinos
that are generated during nuclear reactions and a clatter of spacetime ripples known as gravitational waves?but either would be challenging to detect.
(Gravitational waves, in fact, still elude astronomers, although experiments are underway to find them.)

Too bad, because they would shed light on the central mystery of supernovae, Schawinski says: "How does the energy go from the core collapse to destroy the star?"
People have ideas, he says, but "the step in between those two we still don't understand well at all."

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A sound theory? http://www.nature.com/news/2008/080613/full/news.2008.883.html Arnold Schoenberg: Piano Concerto op. 42 (Excerpt) http://jp.youtube.com/watch?v=A-fyWc6Mpd8 Anton Webern Symphonie op.21 http://jp.youtube.com/watch?v=bBf2K4S4Nmk Berg - Piano Sonata Op.1, Glenn Gould http://jp.youtube.com/watch?v=3WZf9VbPKsM&feature=related Penderecki: Violin Concerto No. 2 (Part 1) http://jp.youtube.com/watch?v=8u2QviNbj7o&feature=related Keith Kirchoff plays Henry Cowell http://jp.youtube.com/watch?v=yAjnHUG1SRo Messiaen - Oiseaux Exotiques - Aimard, Boulez Part 1 http://jp.youtube.com/watch?v=ht5qqE_e1UE Glenn Branca: Symphony No 13 :Hallucination City (excerpts) http://jp.youtube.com/watch?v=K8D6jxhTG7k&feature=related 104 F F2008/06/14(y) 12:04:41 ID:??? O،{YƏkyioFR_j * 2008/07/13 17:00 * s | EX^WIwMARE(}[)x x̐ubN}[Nł́AO،{Y̌҂̕āAO،{YɂĂ܂܂Ȋpx炩Ă܂B ͂邩ȂƂ̂ƂłBӂĂQ܂B R_i܂Ђ낶j L]_ƁA1927N܂BdʃWIEerǂȂǂŊvf[T[ƂĊB O،{YƂ́AwォAujyŁviNHKWIj̃C^[X^bẗƂČWAdʎ́AO،{YCM\Õvf[XɂЂB dʑގЌ͍L]_ƂƂĊ􂵂AuAhE~[WAṽIuU[o[𖱂߂B ɁwLzxAwf100zxAwaL60NjxȂǑB 16:30t/17:00J 1,500~@25 \ɃLZ̏ꍇ͂߂ɂA肢܂B ÁFubN}[Nsψ@http://neko2.net/nbm/ \񁨐ubN}[Nsψ http://www.webdice.jp/event/detail/265/ 105 F F2008/06/14(y) 19:05:29 ID:??? ChhqȂuFRvn 610AChhqȂ͉F̋Ђɑ΍R邽߂̋@ւn݂Ɣ\܂ iThe Inquir http://www.theinquirer.net/gb/inquirer/news/2008/06/11/india-preps-star-warse̋LjB ChhqȂ̃vX[Xł́AuCh͉F𕽘aړÎ߂ɗpƎvĂA܂F񕐑nтɂƂ|V[͕ςȂA ݍUq̂悤ȍUIȉFVXeV^̃tgA^̐iARp̉FVXeȂǂoꂵĂvƏqׂĂÂ悤ȉF̍Uɔ邽߂̋@ւn݂ƂĂ܂B ̋@ւ̓ChRFvgDAȊwEZp֘ǍJgD𓝍̂ɂȂƂ̂ƂłAȏ̏ڍׂ͕sŁA ǂ̒x̋K͂ɂȂ̂AL̍ۂɎ\͂̂gDɂȂ̂ǂ͂܂słB http://slashdot.jp/science/article.pl?sid=08/06/14/0444254 106 F F2008/06/14(y) 19:10:46 ID:??? ۂIIɗnyf V̋L(http://www.chugoku-np.co.jp/News/Tn200806090030.html)ɂ΁AۂIIɗnyfuAmlv̏ƉɃx[Ƃ̃c[ZoB Lw̐s̃O[vEŏ߂ĔyfŁAToEXۂȂǂ̑Pʋۂc܂܁Aہi~[^Xۂу\ukXہjٓIɗn iQlFۂɑ΂Eۍhttp://yumen.chicappa.jp/coip/modules/wordpress/index.php?cat=92jB 10JŐ\B c[Z͍yf̎gp̔rWlXfŁA2013N̏iڎwB http://slashdot.jp/science/article.pl?sid=08/06/14/0913233 107 F F2008/06/15() 08:21:47 ID:??? zP[^CŊwZTCgɐ http://www.oshiete-kun.net/archives/2008/06/post_120.html 108 F F2008/06/15() 08:22:07 ID:??? |܂3ŕĂoNeA𔭌 Rɂ1000NƌĂ|܁i|GjA3JłقڊSɕoNeAi׋ہjꂽB ̂̓Ji_̍Zi11NjDaniel BurdŁA񍐏iPDF http://www.science.uwaterloo.ca/WWSEF/08Awards/08BurdReport.pdfj ɂƁAXtBSiX׋ۂƃV[hiX׋ۂ킹邱ƂŁAꂼP̂ŗpꍇɔ׍\͂𔭊悤B ̕񍐏͍N5ɊJÂꂽJi_̊wȊwWCanada-Wide Science Fair 2008ɒoꂽ̂ŁABurd12̏܂ƍv57825hi炭Ji_hj̏܋AwlĂB http://slashdot.jp/science/article.pl?sid=08/06/14/172210 109 F F2008/06/15() 08:22:27 ID:??? China Increases Lead as Biggest Carbon Dioxide Emitter China has clearly overtaken the United States as the worldfs leading emitter of carbon dioxide, the main heat-trapping gas, a new study has found, its emissions increasing 8 percent in 2007. The Chinese increase accounted for two-thirds of the growth in the yearfs global greenhouse gas emissions, the study found. http://www.nytimes.com/2008/06/14/world/asia/14china.html?_r=1&partner=rssnyt&emc=rss&oref=slogin 110 F F2008/06/15() 13:30:21 ID:??? 92΂17Ώ́uE΂̍v͌֎~ u΍΂̍Ȃāccł֎~Ă܂lv ȂČƁAȂɂh}̂悤Șbɕ܂A92΂̘Vl17΂ƏƂȂƁAɖȘbłB 75΂̍GWvg̓l֎~ꂽRƂ́cB ͒ߓ̃ICu[̂Ƃɂł@łAGWvgɂ́u25Έȏ̍΂̍̂錋֎~vƂ̂܂B AuĂTȔNz̒jAnw̎ႢȂɂ邱Ƃh߂ɂł@łAۂɂ25Έȏ̔NĂAGWvgsɐU荞ނƂœʂɋP[XƂƂłB {̂قŐlgH~߂邽߂ɕvwƂĂ̊mFs悤łA̖@Ă80~قǂ̐U݂ƈɁA173P[X̌Ă悤łB A92΂17΂Ƃ΂̍͑傫̂ApĂ܂܂B ŋĂ܂@łAIɂ߂Ƃ̂͂悤łB Ɍ̋肽ƂĂAOɖSlɂȂĂ܂ȕs܂cB http://labaq.com/archives/51040523.html 111 F F2008/06/15() 18:19:22 ID:??? Claudine Longet http://www.imeem.com/bodksol/music/lCbY1s4L/claudine_longet_who_needs_you/ http://www.imeem.com/skoro/music/0dCHb3eL/claudine_longet_how_insensitive/ http://www.imeem.com/people/OLtqyZ1/music/lyNrvasY/claudine_longet_the_look_of_love/ http://www.imeem.com/tytyk/music/sk17ArwP/claudine_longet_happy_talk/ http://www.imeem.com/venice413/music/Wq1g4kia/claudine_longet_who_broke_your_heart/ http://www.imeem.com/forece/music/nxi-kEga/claudine_longet_lamour_est_bleu/ http://www.imeem.com/venice413/music/HXxwInvO/claudine_longet_i_love_how_you_love_me/ http://www.imeem.com/people/En3Gd2r/music/cS78QPYd/claudine_longet_sunrise_sunset/ http://www.imeem.com/people/AZxnXP/music/gyXo7jqv/claudine_longet_hello_hello/ http://www.imeem.com/karoletti/music/aRcr3pGp/claudine_longet_i_think_its_going_to_rain_today/ http://www.imeem.com/people/_MeZaT/music/iTmIH7f6/claudine_longet_sugar_me/ http://www.imeem.com/farah-music/music/EWd6MXeN/claudine_longet_here_there_and_everywhere/ http://www.imeem.com/musicall/music/0gKQKwGO/claudine_longet_until_itstimefor_you_to_go/ http://www.imeem.com/people/ukYL-sC/music/jEG5qcwo/claudine_longet_aint_no_mountain_high_enough/ http://www.imeem.com/jimcoson/music/sqrjj9jV/andy_williams_claudine_longet_let_it_be_me_1963/ 112 F F2008/06/15() 21:54:35 ID:??? ԉFscA[Aꕔ̃JbvlC ԂɂFsڎwďi߂ĂVirgin GalacticЂɂ́AFł̃ZbNXɒ킵ƂJbv̖₢킹A񂹂Ă邻łB iCouples seek sex in space ? UPI.com http://www.upi.com/Odd_News/2008/06/05/Couples_seek_sex_in_space/UPI-83601212691995/j Virgin GalacticЂ́A2009Nɏ̉FscA[̊JÂ\肵Ă܂ÃJbv疳d͉ł̃ZbNXɊւĐq˂Ă邻ŁA Jbv́ud͉ŏ߂Đs߂ẴJbvvƂăMlXubNɏ邽߂ɁAVg̃[^[ɂĂ̖₢킹łB AFw̐ƂłJames LoganmɂƁẢFsvł͖d͏ԂɂȂ̂͂ق5ԂłAsɂ͒ZƂ̂ƁB ܂Ad͉ł̃ZbNXɂ̖͂肪邾낤ƏqׂĂ܂B Ȃ݂ɂ̉FsAKvȗ20hi2140~jłB ȑOuFł̃ZbNXAȒPł͂ȂHƂXg[ŋc_Ă邪(http://slashdot.jp/science/article.pl?sid=06/08/01/1333208)A Fł̃ZbNX͂Ȃ͗lŁA܂AJ⃍VAFŃZbNXsɂ͂ǂ΂悢sĂ邻łB The Guardian̋L(http://www.guardian.co.uk/science/2000/feb/24/spaceexploration.internationalnews1)A 閧ɍsĂFł̃ZbNX̃eXg(http://10e.org/mt2/archives/200712/032238.php) http://slashdot.jp/science/article.pl?sid=08/06/15/0848232 113 F F2008/06/16() 22:12:30 ID:??? Estrogen therapy helps or hurts the brain depending on reproductive status(1) Estrogen therapy may limit stroke damage if started close to, but not long after reproductive cycles are over, according to a new animal study. The results were presented Sunday, June 15, at The Endocrine Society's 90th Annual Meeting in San Francisco. "This study suggests that estrogen treatment is not toxic per se but that its effects on the brain depend on the individual's reproductive age when therapy begins," said one of the study's authors, Farida Sohrabji, PhD, of Texas A & M Health Science Center. In their study in rats, Amutha Selvamani, a post-doctoral associate and Dr. Sohrabji, found "that estrogen treatment is not beneficial to the brain once the animal is in an acylic state, but is effective when given earlier. This acyclic stage in animals shares similarities with the menopausal stage in women." Since the Women's Health Initiative study found that long-term therapy with estrogen or estrogen plus progestin may increase the risk of heart attack and stroke, many women have found it difficult to decide whether to take hormone therapy at menopause. Subsequently, several researchers have speculated that the timing of estrogen treatment may be important for estrogen's effects. The authors therefore designed an animal study to determine if estrogen would be beneficial for females who are going through menopause (perimenopausal) but not for women who are postmenopausal for many years. Since it is not possible to measure "risk" in animal studies, the authors measured severity of stroke injury. 114 F F2008/06/16() 22:12:49 ID:??? Estrogen therapy helps or hurts the brain depending on reproductive status(2) Therefore, they compared groups of female rats: mature adults and older, "acyclic" rats that no longer had reproductive cycles. The physiologic status of the older rats resembled that of a postmenopausal woman, and the other rats' status would be more similar to perimenopause, according to Sohrabji. After surgically removing the ovaries of all the rats, the researchers gave them estrogen replacement therapy (estradiol) for 3 weeks. Then they induced a stroke in all the animals. A week later, the rats' brains were studied for tissue damage. The stroke caused much more tissue damage in the acyclic older females, the authors reported. "Estrogen treatment to this group actually increased the volume of the brain that was damaged," Sohrabji said. In the mature adult rats, however, estrogen therapy apparently reduced the area of brain damage. After the stroke all rats showed evidence of sensory and motor damage on behavioral testing, but it was more severe in the acyclic rats. "This study supports the idea that there is a narrow window of time as a woman approaches menopause and immediately afterward where estrogen therapy may provide neuroprotective benefits," Sohrabji said. http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2008-06/tes-eth061008.php 115 F F2008/06/16() 22:41:03 ID:??? pTimesA200NɓnLSfW^f[^x[X pTimes͂̂قǁA1785N1985N܂ł200NԂɓnL\ȌŃfW^A[JCuAf[^x[XJB Times Archive http://archive.timesonline.co.uk/tol/archive/ płłjւ郁fBA1łTimeśAɁuTimes OnlinevƂ̂ŁAŋ߂̋LɂălbgŒ񋟂ĂBAɉߋ̋Lf[^x[XA̗jYp邱ƂŁATCg̖͂コ邱Ƃ}ĂB f[^x[X́AL[[hƑΏۂƂN͈̔͂͂邾Ō\B ͈͂ɂ́A2x̐E͂̂ƁAtXvč̓k푈܂ĂB Timesł͍A1985Nȍ~̋LɂĂJŃfW^ČJB ܂A1822NɑnꂽjłłuThe Sunday TimesvɂĂAfW^ČJ\肾ƂB PȂL𒴂āAߑjwԋނƂĂgpłȎ݁AA̗j郁fBAǐ邱Ƃ҂B http://internet.watch.impress.co.jp/cda/news/2008/06/16/19940.html 116 F F2008/06/16() 22:41:52 ID:??? 2008NxuACR[hReXgvJn NJÂĂuACR[hv(Underhanded C Contest)ANWn܂B ؂930B(http://underhanded.xcott.com/?p=8) ̃ReXgł́A҂͈ꌩPQŁAǐ̍CvOɁAƃ\[Xǂ񂾂炢ł͂ȂȂȂ\zO̗LQȂӂ܂邱ƂvB Ñe[}́uPPM̉摜^ƁẢ摜̈ꕔ(ŕ\)vƂ́B Ȃ݂ɋÑe[}́u0.01%1%̊mňÍƎɂȂĂ܂PȈÍ[eBeB(ÍɎsƂȒPɌjĂ͂ȂA łȂ΂ȂȂ)vƂ̂AN̗DG҂Ƃ̍i\ĂB(http://underhanded.xcott.com/?page_id=9) http://slashdot.jp/developers/article.pl?sid=08/06/16/0146242 117 F F2008/06/16() 22:43:29 ID:??? Gay brains structured like those of the opposite sex(1) Brain scans have provided the most compelling evidence yet that being gay or straight is a biologically fixed trait. The scans reveal that in gay people, key structures of the brain governing emotion, mood, anxiety and aggressiveness resemble those in straight people of the opposite sex. The differences are likely to have been forged in the womb or in early infancy, says Ivanka Savic, who conducted the study at the Karolinska Institute in Stockholm, Sweden. "This is the most robust measure so far of cerebral differences between homosexual and heterosexual subjects," she says. Previous studies have also shown differences in brain architecture and activity between gay and straight people, but most relied on people's responses to sexuality driven cues that could have been learned, such as rating the attractiveness of male or female faces. 118 F F2008/06/16() 22:44:02 ID:??? Gay brains structured like those of the opposite sex(2) Brain symmetry To get round this, Savic and her colleague, Per Lindstrom, chose to measure brain parameters likely to have been fixed at birth. "That was the whole point of the study, to show parameters that differ, but which couldn't be altered by learning or cognitive processes," says Savic. First they used MRI scans to find out the overall volume and shapes of brains in a group of 90 volunteers consisting of 25 heterosexuals and 20 homosexuals of each gender. The results showed that straight men had asymmetric brains, with the right hemisphere slightly larger ? and the gay women also had this asymmetry. Gay men, meanwhile, had symmetrical brains like those of straight women. The team next used PET scans to measure blood flow to the amygdala, part of the brain that governs fear and aggression. The images revealed how the amygdala connected to other parts of the brain, giving clues to how this might influence behaviour. 119 F F2008/06/16() 22:44:57 ID:??? Gay brains structured like those of the opposite sex(3) Depression link They found that the patterns of connectivity in gay men matched those of straight women, and vice versa. In straight women and gay men, the connections were mainly into regions of the brain that manifest fear as intense anxiety. "The regions involved in phobia, anxiety and depression overlap with the pattern we see from the amygdala," says Savic. This is significant, she says, and fits with data showing that women are three times as likely as men to suffer from mood disorders or depression. Gay men have higher rates of depression too, she says, but it's difficult to know whether this is down to biology, homophobia or simply feelings of being "different". In straight men and lesbians, the amygdala fed its signals mainly into the sensorimotor cortex and the striatum, regions of the brain that trigger the "fight or flight" response. "It's a more action-related response than in women," says Savic. 120 F F2008/06/16() 22:46:18 ID:??? Gay brains structured like those of the opposite sex(4) 'Striking differences' "This study demonstrates that homosexuals of both sexes show strong cross-sex shifts in brain symmetry, "says Qazi Rahman, a leading researcher on sexual orientation at Queen Mary college, University of London, UK. "The connectivity differences reported in the amygdala are striking." "Paradoxically, it's more informative to look at things that have no direct connection with sexual orientation, and that's where this study scores, " says Simon LeVay, a prominent US author who in 1991 reported finding differences in a part of the brain called the hypothalamus between straight and gay men. But as Savic herself acknowledges, the study can't say whether the brain differences are inherited, or result from abnormally high or low exposure in the womb to sex hormones such as testosterone. http://www.newscientist.com/channel/sex/dn14146-gay-brains-structured-like-those-of-the-opposite-sex.html?feedId=online-news 121 F F2008/06/17() 14:07:17 ID:??? Mirror neurons control erection response to porn(1) You don't have to be a scientist to observe that pornographic images lead to erections in men. But you would have to be one to show those images to volunteers while meticulously measuring the volume of response in the brain and penis. Harold Mouras, at University of Picardie Jules Verne in Amiens, France, and his colleagues wanted to understand the cerebral underpinnings of visually-induced erections. They suspected there might be a role for mirror neurons, a special class of brain cell that fires both when people perform an action and when they observe it being performed. The researchers invited eight young men into the lab and asked them to view three types of video clips. Along with late-night fishing documentaries and snippets of Mr Bean, the volunteers got to see erotic videos of men stroking naked women, enjoying fellatio and engaging in intercourse. 122 F F2008/06/17() 14:07:38 ID:??? Mirror neurons control erection response to porn(2) Erection command? While the volunteers watched the movies, the researchers watched their brains using functional magnetic resonance imaging(fMRI). They also kept tabs on the tumescence of the other target organ, using a hand-crafted "penile plethysmograph" ? essentially an airtight tube in which the enlarging penis causes measurable pressure changes. As expected, all the subjects got erections and many parts of the brain lit up. Interestingly, the volume of the erections correlated with the strength of activation in a part of the brain called the pars opercularis, which is known to display mirror neuron activity. Even more intriguing, the brain activation, say the researchers, precedes the penile response. "The mirror neurons are like the command," says Mouras. "The activation comes before the erection." 123 F F2008/06/17() 14:07:59 ID:??? Mirror neurons control erection response to porn(3) 'Bold' study The study, says Mouras, is the first to suggest that mirror neurons are involved not only in observed actions, but in the "automatic" responses to those observations ? in this case, erection. Vilayanur Ramachandran, at the University of California at San Diego, who also studies mirror neurons, calls it a "bold" study, and congratulates the group on defying the taboo on studying human sexual physiology. While he thinks it is perfectly plausible that mirror neurons play a role in how porn turns us on, he says more needs to be done to understand what that role is. For a start, he says, a large number of the brain's structures seem to be involved, not just the pars opercularis, and the interaction between these regions in response to porn is unclear. "It doesn't give you an experimental lever into the problem," he adds. And while Ramachandran agrees that the timing of mirror neuron activation and erection is probably critical, fMRI isn't accurate enough to show clearly what is going on with these brain regions over such short time frames. http://www.newscientist.com/channel/sex/dn14147-mirror-neurons-control-erection-response-to-porn.html?feedId=online-news 124 F F2008/06/17() 14:09:12 ID:??? Did the gene for ADHD help our nomadic ancestors?(1) An ADHD-associated version of the human gene DRD4 is linked to better health among nomadic tribesmen, but may cause malnourishment in their settled cousins, according to new research by a team directed by an anthropologist at the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee (UWM). A study by UWM assistant professor Ben Campbell and colleagues from Northwestern University, Boston University and UNLV shows that a particular version of the gene DRD4, appears to have completely different effects, depending on one's environment. The DRD4 gene codes for a receptor for dopamine, one of the chemical messengers used in the brain. Previous research has linked the gene with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder-type behavior in young men ? risk-taking, reward-seeking and impulsivity, says Campbell. But people can have different versions of the gene. One variant, called the 7R allele, is associated with novelty-seeking in addition to ADHD. The researchers conducted the study among the Ariaal population in northern Kenya ? some of whom still live as nomads, while others have recently settled. The research team analyzed the body mass index (BMI) and height of the two groups, nomadic and non-nomadic Ariaal men, who had the variant gene. 125 F F2008/06/17() 14:09:33 ID:??? Did the gene for ADHD help our nomadic ancestors?(2) They found that those with the 7R allele in the nomadic population were better nourished than their non-nomadic brethren who carried 7R allele. The results underscore, says Campbell, the complexity of genotype on the expression of behavior. Different environments can determine whether behaviors associated with the gene, such as ADHD, are more or less effective. "We may have difficulty understanding ADHD in part because we are considering the behaviors associated with it in only one environment ? the present one," he says. "The thinking used to be one gene, one outcome. Now we know that one gene with different environments yields different outcomes." Campbell says the results have implications for the relationship between a sedentary lifestyle and aging. "This suggests that this particular allele may be beneficial in a traditional setting with high levels of habitual physical activity, but carries with it longer term costs in a more sedentary setting." Although the effects of different versions of dopamine genes have already been studied in industrialized countries, very little research has been carried out in non-industrial settings, says Campbell. And yet, subsistence environments are more similar to those where much of human genetic evolution took place, he points out. http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2008-06/uow--dtg061608.php 126 F F2008/06/17() 14:10:31 ID:??? Study Says Brains of Gay Men and Women Are Similar(1) Researchers using brain scans have found new evidence that biology?and not environment?is at the core of sexual orientation. Scientists at the Stockholm Brain Institute in Sweden report in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA that gay men and straight women share similar traits?most notably in the size of their brains and the activity of the amygdala?an area of the brain tied to emotion, anxiety and aggression. The same is true for heterosexual men and lesbians. Study author, neurologist Ivanka Savic?Berglund, says such characteristics would develop in the womb or in early infancy, meaning that psychological or environmental factors played little or no role. "This is yet another in a long series of observations showing there's a biological reason for sexual orientation," says Dean Hamer, a molecular biologist at the National Institutes of Health (NIH), who was not involved in the study. "It's not just a reflection of people's behavior, nor is it a choice, nor is it something in their rearing environment. [The study] shows that it's something that people are born with." Previous studies have examined brain differences between gay and straight people on the basis of their responses to various tasks, such as rating the attractiveness of other people. The problem was that there was no way to determine whether their responses were colored by learned social cues. To get around this, Savic-Berglund focused on the structure and function of brain regions that develop during fetal development or early infancy?without using any cognitive tasks or rating systems. 127 F F2008/06/17() 14:11:25 ID:??? Study Says Brains of Gay Men and Women Are Similar(2) The researchers used MRIs to determine the volume and shapes of the brains of 90 volunteers?25 straight and 20 gay members of each sex. They found that the straight men and gay women had asymmetrical brains; that is, the cerebrum (the largest part of the brain, which is responsible for thought, sensory processing, movement and planning) was larger on the right hemisphere of the brain than on the left. In contrast, they found that women and gay men had symmetrical cerebrums. The team next used PET (positron emission tomography) scans to measure the blood flow to the amygdala, that part of the brain controlling emotion, fear and aggression. The images showed how the amygdala connects to other parts of the brain, giving them clues as to how this might influence behavior. They scanned subjects' brains when they at rest and did not show them photos or introduce other behavior that might have been learned. They found that in gay men and women, the blood flowed to areas involved in fear and anxiety, whereas in straight men and lesbians it tended to flow to pockets linked to aggression. Robert Epstein, emeritus director of the Cambridge Center for Behavioral Studies in Concord, Mass., agrees that the study offers compelling evidence that sexual orientation is a biologically fixed characteristic. But he cautions that these findings may vary in different people whose sexual orientation is not that clear-cut, which his own research shows includes a majority of the population. ֘AL >>117-120 http://tmp7.2ch.net/test/read.cgi/kitchen/1212478591/117-120 http://www.sciam.com/article.cfm?id=study-says-brains-of-gay&sc 128 F F2008/06/17() 14:12:17 ID:??? ߓx̌gѓdbp҂̐ɉe\\҂ gѓdb̗p҂̕AȂȂAXgXJ₷ȂƂ錤\ꂽB gѓdbߓxɗp҂́A肪r؂ꂪɂȂAȂȂAXgX⌑ӊ₷X\\XEF[fSahlgren's Academy̌҂񍐂ĂB ̌́Aɖ̂Ȃ1420΂21ľNȔ팱҂ɑ΂čsꂽB 팱҂𓝐QƎQɕAQ15񖢖̒ʘbA5ʖ̃eLXgbZ[WMAQ115ȏ̒ʘbA15ʈȏ̃bZ[WMsB ̌팱҂͐␇Ɋւ鎿ɓB ̌ʁAQƔׂāAQ̔팱҂̕ƒӗ͂ȂȂAĥݕ̏B ɖɂ̂ȂAr؂ꂪɂȂAXgXJ₷ȂB 񍐏MSahlgren's AcademỹMr[Eoh́Agѓdbł͑A҂24ԂȂĂȂ΂ȂȂƂ͂ĂƏqׂĂB ͎҂ɂƂĐ͏dvłƂAߓx̌gѓdbpƊõp^[ɈeyڂƂF߂邱ƂKvƂĂB http://www.itmedia.co.jp/news/articles/0806/17/news006.html 129 F F2008/06/17() 14:12:53 ID:??? gт́uQNȂv? gт̓dgŁAlԂ̐EõY邱Ƃ͂Ȃ\\BȌ_𓱂ʂ\ꂽB Ȃ1214Agт̓dglԂ̐𑣂]zɈeڂȂƂʂ𔭕\B Ȃi߂Adg̈S𒲂ׂ钲̈B gт̓dgɗ^e𒲂ׂ邽߁A408C̃bgpĎsB dg΂IbgQƁAdg΂IsȂbgQpӂAꂼ̃gjуZgjl𒲂ׂB ZgjƂ́AHŐێ悳A~m_獇_oBB _肳pB܂gjƂ́AlԂ̔]̂قڒɂ鏼ʑ̂ƌĂ΂튯ŃZgj獇ꂦzB ͐AõTCNɍp邱ƂŒmĂB dg΂Ił́ASARipQƁj7.5bgp[LOƂAdghwj̊l萔{dgpB 2002Nx2003Nxɂ͒ZIe𒲂ׂ邽߂14Ԃ̓dg΂IsA܂2004Nxɂ͒Ie𒲂ׂ邽߂11Ԃ̓dg΂I4TԍsB ʂ́A΂IsbgQƍsȂbgQ̊ԂŁAgjlZgjlɗLӍivwRł͋N肦ȂƂ鍷jȂB ܂Aǂꂾdg΂IĂEoɍp]zɈeȂB Ȃł́Au̓diψvJÂāAdg̐̈SA]ĂB ܂łAugт̓dg͊wK\͂ɈeȂvƂʂȂǂ𔭕\ĂB http://plusd.itmedia.co.jp/mobile/articles/0512/14/news077.html 130 F F2008/06/17() 14:14:58 ID:??? Woman pleads not guilty in MySpace suicide case(1) A Missouri woman has pleaded not guilty in Los Angeles federal court to charges in an Internet hoax blamed for a 13-year-old girl's suicide. Forty-nine-year-old Lori Drew, a neighbor of the dead teen, stood quietly beside her attorney Monday. She pleaded not guilty to charges of conspiracy and accessing protected computers without authorization to get information used to inflict emotional distress. She is free on bond. The charges were filed in California where MySpace is based. MySpace is a subsidiary of Beverly Hills-based Fox Interactive Media Inc., which is owned by News Corp. Drew, of suburban St. Louis, Missouri, allegedly helped create a fake MySpace account to convince Megan Meier she was chatting with a nonexistent 16-year-old boy named Josh Evans. Megan Meier hanged herself at home in October 2006, allegedly after receiving a dozen or more cruel messages, including one stating the world would be better off without her. Drew has denied creating the account or sending messages to Meier. U.S. Attorney's spokesman Thom Mrozek said Drew is expected to enter a plea in federal court, then have her case assigned to a judge and be given a trial date. He said she would then be allowed to return to her home state pending trial. Drew's lawyer has said he will legally challenge the charges. And experts have said the case could break new ground in Internet law. The statute used to indict Drew usually applies to Internet hackers who illegally access accounts to get information. 131 F F2008/06/17() 14:15:19 ID:??? Woman pleads not guilty in MySpace suicide case(2) U.S. Attorney Thomas P. O'Brien has acknowledged this is the first time the federal statute on accessing protected computers has been used in a social-networking case. Rebecca Lonergan, a former federal prosecutor who now teaches law at the University of Southern California, has said use of the federal cyber crime statute may be open to challenge. Lonergan, who used the statute in the past to file charges in computer hacking and trademark theft cases, said the crimes covered by the law involve obtaining information from a computer, not sending messages out to harass someone. "Here it is the flow of information away from the computer," she said. "It's a very creative, aggressive use of the statute. But they may have a legally tough time meeting the elements." James Chadwick, a Palo Alto attorney who specializes in Internet and media law, said he has never seen the statute, known as the Computer Fraud and Abuse Act, applied to the sending of messages. He said it was probable that liability for the girl's death would not be an issue in the case. "As tragic as it is," he said, "You can't start imposing liability on people for being cruel." Missouri police didn't file any charges against Drew in part because there was no applicable state law. In response to the case, Missouri legislators gave final approval to a bill making cyber harassment illegal. ֘AL >>51 http://tmp7.2ch.net/test/read.cgi/kitchen/1212478591/51 http://edition.cnn.com/2008/CRIME/06/16/internet.suicide.ap/index.html?eref=rss_tech 132 F F2008/06/17() 14:15:50 ID:??? NGf[^x[XvJA}KSɏ^ (http://www.jugemu-tech.co.jp/ )ƌot(http://www.keiyou.co.jp/ )16A}K𒆐SƂ̏NGɊւ鏑^ u{NGf[^x[X(http://manga-db.fms.co.jp/bgmag/ )v̒񋟂JnB f[^x[XWeb痘płApׂ͂Ă̏{łAR[XNz38~AiȂǈꕔ{łCR[XNz6000~ȂǁB f[^x[X́Au揭NvuvȂǐnꂽNGA݂܂őGȂǂɂāAG⊪AiȂǂ^́B 2ނ̃f[^x[X̂AȕNGAi1945N1962Njvł́A619A20̃f[^^B uNENGATi1955N2007Njvł́A602A173452̃f[^^ĂAꂼ̎Gǂ̐}قɏĂ邩Ƃf[^܂܂B ƌotЂł́A{́uAjE}Kv̌̓}KG܂ޏNGƌĂ邪A̎G͔sɔׂČ̂ɏȂA̗򉻂Ȃǂۑ̂̂Ԃ܂󋵂ɂƐB f[^x[X쐬ɂĂ1_ǦɂAłڍׂɎG̘̍^sȂƂƂɁA̕ҏWҁEoŊ֌W҂ɕ蒲sȂƂŁȀoŏ󋵂cł悤ɓw߂ƂĂB http://internet.watch.impress.co.jp/cda/news/2008/06/16/19950.html 133 F F2008/06/17() 14:16:34 ID:??? Society's attitudes have little impact on choice of sexual partner A unique new study from the Swedish medical university Karolinska Institute (KI) suggests that the attitude of families and the public have little impact on if adults decide to have sex with persons of the same or the opposite sex. Instead, hereditary factors and the individual's unique experiences have the strongest influence on our choice of sexual partners. The study is the largest in the world so far and was performed in collaboration with the Queen Mary University of London. More than 7,600 Swedish twins aged 20-47 years responded to a 2005 - 2006 survey of health, behaviour, and sexuality. Seven percent of the twins had ever had a same-sex sexual partner. "The results show, that familial and public attitudes might be less important for our sexual behaviour than previously suggested", says Associate Professor Niklas Langstrom, one of the involved researchers. "Instead, genetic factors and the individual's unique biological and social environments play the biggest role. Studies like this are needed to improve our basic understanding of sexuality and to inform the public debate." The conclusions apply equally well to why people only have sex with persons of the opposite sex as to why we have sex with same-sex partners. However, the conclusions are more difficult to transfer to countries where non-heterosexual behaviour remains prohibited. Overall, the environment shared by twins (including familial and societal attitudes) explained 0-17% of the choice of sexual partner, genetic factors 18-39% and the unique environment 61-66%. The individual's unique environment includes, for example, circumstances during pregnancy and childbirth, physical and psychological trauma (e.g., accidents, violence, and disease), peer groups, and sexual experiences. http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2008-06/ki-sah061608.php 134 F F2008/06/17() 14:16:54 ID:??? y[WLO҂FYouTube̋UTCgoAOC̓肪ړI UWebTCg͐KYouTuberfIɃNĂA[U[͂܂Ă邱ƂɋCtȂ\B ZLeBƂTrend Micro616A拤LTCgYouTube𑕂ă[U[̃OC𓐂ƂUTCgƓB ɂƁA̋UTCgɂ͐KYouTuberfIɃNXNvgdłA[U[͎UTCgɂ邱ƂɋCtȂ܂ܓE{Ă܂\B ŨTCgYouTubeɃOCƁA{YouTubeTCgɃ_CNg邪AOCy[W͋UTCg̒ɂ邽߁A[U[ƃpX[h܂댯ƂB ړI͓񂾃OCy[WLO҂ɗp邱ƂɂƂ݂B uKI@͔ȂAU҂񂾏qbg𑝂₵ɔ荞މ\vTrend Micro͎wEB ̋UTCgփNXp[̏o\z邪ATrend Micro͊ɋUTCg̈ȃhC2ubNς݂ƂB http://www.itmedia.co.jp/enterprise/articles/0806/17/news017.html 135 F F2008/06/17() 14:17:15 ID:??? THE first galaxies have always been considered rather dull creatures, but they may be due for a makeover - thanks to supernovae. Protogalaxies present 100 to 200 million years after the big bang were thought to have had only a handful of stars each, as elements heavier than hydrogen and helium were scarce. These heavier elements, which are forged in stars, help clumps of gas contract to form more stars. Now a computer simulation by Daniel Whalen of Los Alamos National Laboratory in New Mexico and colleagues shows blast waves from the first supernovae mixing heavier elements into the surrounding gas and breaking it into clumps ripe for forming stars. "An entire new generation of stars may form directly in the debris," says Whalen. This could have led to protogalaxies glittering with hundreds of stars. The work will appear in The Astrophysical Journal (www.arxiv.org/abs/0801.3698). http://space.newscientist.com/article/mg19826604.500-supernovae-blasts-kickstarted-stars-in-early-galaxies.html?feedId=online-news 136 F F2008/06/17() 14:52:52 ID:??? 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PFLOPSXpR炷AȊwZṕgVh(2) Ăɂ͌ŉғJn IBM̊͐TARoadRunnery^ FLOPS˔jƂ𖾂炩ɂB ̏x́A܂ŐEőAčGlM[ȂLawrence LivermoreɐݒuĂIBMXpRuBlueGene/Lv̖2{ɑB 11NOɃeFLOPSib1̕_Zj̕ǂłjẮAy^FLOPSXpRɂő̖ڕWłAčCrayčHPASun MicrosystemsASGI͂߂Ƃ鐔̊ƂڎwĊJɂ̂ĂB N7AIBM̋Zp҂21̃g[[RoadRunnerlߍ݁ALos Alamos։^őgݗĂAғeXg{\肾B Ă̏I܂łɂ́Ał̎ғn܂錩݂ƂB AꍏRoadRunnerg҂́AȂɒ͑҂ĂȂ悤B ҂͂Ƀ|LvV[ւƈړẢZ\ւRoadRunnervWFNgɂpn߂ƁAWallace͐ĂB 錤҃O[vł́AC̕ϓƊCm̏z𒲂ׂĂB RoadRunnergn߂ÓA1020L[gɋyԋȃubN1 ̒ΏۂƂĂBARoadRunner̂Œ͈͂߂邱ƂłAʂȂςĂĂƂB u͈͂߂ƂɂA͈͂ςɋ؂ĂƂɂ͂킩ȂۂFł悤ɂȂB ŁAX̋Cɑ傫ȉe^ĂƎvCGlM[̑Jڂ藝ł悤ɂȂ͂viWallacej () WallacéAlHoZp̓{bgHw𔭓W邾łȂAoQ҂ɂv炷낤ƏqׂB Los AlamosRoadRunnerғɂ́AFԂɂqO̒ǐՂjpꏊ̊ĎȂǁA@̍vWFNgɂXpRp\łB ֘AL >>50 http://tmp7.2ch.net/test/read.cgi/kitchen/1212478591/59 http://www.computerworld.jp/topics/mp/112229-2.html 149 F F2008/06/17() 20:43:10 ID:??? ɂybgqguqۑv ybgƑ̈B؂ȃybgA┯ȂǂclƂAnCeN̍AȂƁuqvɂ鎔傪ĂƂB u_ł͈q̍Đ͂łȂAN[Ȃǂ̒aAcĂƂl͑B ɌƂĂ̈ӖvƘb̂̓fB[GkG[oNEeCi{ЁEj̈ɓYCEOB Ђ̓qg̈qƖƂ邪Aqۑ̈˗͔N100̂قǁB ̂唼́Aqg茢ALȂǂ̃ybgB q͖Ȗ_Ō̖j̎悵gD璊oāAƒ̗Ⓚɂłۊǂł铀ԂɁB 163000~ŁAɂ錤ɂۊǂĂꍇɂ͌X3000~̕ۊǗB ܂ł̓qgAybg̏ꍇA̐^UȂǂmF邽߂̐eqӒASȂAL{Ɏ̃ybgȂ̂AیЂ̈˗т̈qӒȂǂ6|7~ōsĂB Aqg̈˗B uCOo◯wɍsODNAۑĂƂl͊mɂ܂viɓCEOj ̎8lƂ钆ElnkAł́AЊQГɏo킷ȂB ň̃P[XlugmFvƂĎ̈qۑ̂ƂB ˗҂̒ɂ́AAqA3ɂ킽DNA͂g̈ÂaC\hɖ𗧂Ƃ҂āAɜƂ@ɐ\oP[XB ܂ïqeNmW[B ۑԂ͔ivIȂ̂ŁAcĂΎDNA𗧂邩mȂcB http://www.itmedia.co.jp/news/articles/0806/17/news097.html 150 F F2008/06/17() 20:44:07 ID:??? Is China a climate saint or sinner? IS CHINA an environmental pariah or not? Now there's more evidence on both sides of the argument. China's average ecological footprint has doubled since the 1960s, says a joint report from the environment group WWF and a Chinese government agency, the China Council for International Cooperation on Environment and Development. The average footprint per person, however, is still smaller than the world average, as well as being only a third that of a European and a sixth that of the average US citizen. The ecological footprint is a measure of the amount of global resources a country uses relative to the land area those resources take to produce. But it is not a cut-and-dried science, and some of its measurements are controversial. For instance, the study says China runs an "ecological deficit" with the rest of the world, because its footprint is twice its land area. By that assessment, it is a worse offender than some much richer countries that use more resources per head but have larger land areas - including the US. ֘AL >>53 http://tmp7.2ch.net/test/read.cgi/kitchen/1212478591/56 http://environment.newscientist.com/channel/earth/mg19826603.300-is-china-a-climate-saint-or-sinner.html?feedId=online-news 151 F F2008/06/17() 21:14:09 ID:??? ZbNX[Ńuv/A}E{[_Xv(1) ZbNX[J[̃GCY΍ɂĒĂJȂ̌ǁiCADqE{wyĵقǁAw{̐y{݁EYƂɌWlXւ̎xE\h΍̊JɊւwpx܂Ƃ߂B 06NxɎn܂Ai07Nxj2ځB́AZbNX[J[ł͂ȂAʏɂK݂鐫sׂɂāAŏ߂Ă̒B yɂƁAuZbNX[J[̃ACfeBeBɁAK𔺂sׂ鏗Afl^l̃{[_XۂB̒́A܂܂ł͍ZȊO̒ȂvB @͌gѓdbWebAP[gŁA2007N12711܂ł5ԁAXN[jOsAo҂ŁA͂ɓӂ18΂29΂̏2264l񓚂izM̎Q87.1jB uK̎󂠂̊֌Wv̏ڍׂɂẮAȉ̂悤ȉ񓚏󋵂i񓚁Aȉ̐ljB EIȂƂ͂ȂAjƂ̐HJIPȂǂɂA󂯎8 E̐G点肷sׁi}ȂjāA󂯎5.7 Ej̐G肷sׁi}ȂjāA󂯎6.6 EZbNXĂ󂯎11.8 ̂A㔼3̍sׂ͈̔͂𐫍sׂƂĂƁA14.2uK󂠂̐sׁv̌o҂B uZ̒ł́Aۂ̌o4قǂA͔̒NwL̂ŁAo҂̗ȂBAΏۂgѓdb̃AP[gɋ͓IȑwȂ̂ŁA̐ʓIȌXǂ͂킩Ȃviyj uK󂠂萫sׁv̌o҂ƒm荇íA EonTCg62.3 Eip26.2 EeNE_C19.6 EXł̋ΖԊOŋqƂ̊֌W13.1 EȑO̒m荇12.5 uK󂠂̐šׂo鏗́Agѓdb̗pʂĂ낤Ƒz肵ĒɗՂ񂾁BďonTCg̗p̂́ȂzǏ]Ăviyj 152 F F2008/06/17() 21:15:31 ID:??? ZbNX[Ńuv/A}E{[_Xv(2) OɊmF邱ƂƂẮA E󂯎z63.9 E؂֌Wł邱Ɓ52.3 EZbNX̎̃Rh[gƁ48.6 Ƃ󋵂ŁADɂĂ̊mF́AOɂƂǂ܂B K󂠂̐sׂʂāAȂ炩́usȌov̂77.3B̓Iɂ E̒ŔwSIɂc33.6 ERh[ĝɁAg킸ɃZbNX23.1 ȂǂÂقɔDP̐SzAǁiSTDj̏Ǐ2B AuK̂ȂsׁvɂẮA96.2oĂB[̂́AusȌovl̊83.7ƁAuK󂠂̐sׁv̌o҂ƁB́A EDPȂ68.8 ESTD̏Ǐ30.4 ERh[ĝɁAg킸ɃZbNX30.3 uK󂠂̐sׁvAK󂠂̐sƔׂăRh[gȂZbNXsAʂƂĔDP̕sSTD̏Ǐ󂪂ĂAƂʂɂȂB uZbNX[J[s葽̃ZbNX͊ȂƂC[W邪Aۂɂ͋tB܂Al֌WŐM֌W܂΁ARh[gp闦邱Ƃ͈ȑOĂB ͂1l̒j犴邱Ƃ̂قB܂AZbNX̌o΍قǁARh[̎gpƂĂBNx̓XNFm₻̑Ώ̎Ԃ𒲍Ăviyj JȂ̃GCYψɂƁAHIV҂̕񍐐2007NA1082ŉߋōɂȂiON952jB{Ђ̃P[X969ŁAj931AON144B{Ђ̏3811ȂȂB AAIDS҂̕񍐐͑ON12418B{Ђ̃P[X365ŁAj343ŁA8B{Џ22ŁA2B http://www.ohmynews.co.jp/news/20080529/25718 153 F F2008/06/17() 22:30:39 ID:??? lA[gtBMA (http://www.flickr.com/photos/ludovic-levasseur/sets/72057594117438888/) lppA畆IȂ̂ōꂽtbVȃ~[gh[ł܂B t[NDȕXɑύD]𓾂Ă悤łB http://www.zaeega.com/archives/50615991.html 154 F F2008/06/17() 22:31:09 ID:??? Lastdate 2008/6/16 \ES łi܂Ƃ͎vȂ http://www1.odn.ne.jp/~cex38710/thesedays13.htm 155 F F2008/06/17() 22:42:39 ID:??? Newly found planets make case for 'crowded universe' The discovery demonstrates that planets keep popping up in unexpected places around the universe. The announcement is the first time three planets close to Earth's size were found orbiting a single star, said Swiss astronomer Didier Queloz. He was part of the Swiss-French team using the European Southern Observatory's La Silla Observatory in the desert in Chile. The mass of the smallest of the super-Earths is about four times the size of Earth. That may seem like a lot, but they are quite a bit closer in size and likely composition to Earth than the giants in Earth's solar system -- Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus and Neptune. They are much too hot to support life, Queloz said. Scientists are more interested in the broader implications of the finding: The universe is teeming with far more planets than thought. Using a new tool to study more than 100 stars once thought to be devoid of planets, the Swiss-French team found that about one-third had planets that are only slightly bigger than Earth. That's how the star with three super-Earths, 42 light-years away, was spotted. The European team took a second look with a relatively new instrument that measures tiny changes in light wave lengths and is so sensitive that it is precisely positioned and locked in a special room below the observatory in Chile. The key is kept in Switzerland, scientists say. The discovery is "really making the case that we live in a crowded universe," said Carnegie Institution of Washington astronomer Alan Boss, who was not part of the discovery team. "Planets are out there. They're all over the place." That means it is easier to make the case for life elsewhere in the universe, both Boss and Queloz said. http://edition.cnn.com/2008/TECH/space/06/17/super.earths.ap/index.html 156 F F2008/06/18() 02:08:39 ID:??? ppbJ[gUAECXE\tguXP Antivirusv ŋ߂̃}EGA~X[fBOEAvP[V́C̑唼pbJ[ɂăR[hǉĂB f\tgEGAɎgpbJ[́Ĉ̂ł͂ȂB oƂă|[tBbNZp̗pppbJ[gi֘ALFITPro Dictionaryu|[tBbNvhttp://itpro.nikkeibp.co.jp/word/page/10006249/jB CuTy[Xł̎̐ppbJ[グCgĂ錟o̎dg݂ĂB ̓ZLeBE\tgEGA鈫XP AntivirusЉ悤B ̃\tǵCȂǂȂp\RȂ̂Ƀ}EGAĂƂUxoB uv]ރ[U[́C49.95h̓o^𕥂ƂɂȂi֘ALFłȂ~X[fBOEAvuXP AntivirusvɂQ http://itpro.nikkeibp.co.jp/article/COLUMN/20080418/299404/?ST=securityjB () ́upbJ[v͈ʂ̃pbJ[Âǉ/ÍĂāCɂĎĂt@C͌̃t@CƂ͑SႤ̂ɂȂĂB GgE|Cgւ̃WvHĂ̂BZbgAbvEt@CÍĂCGgE|Cgւ̃WvɁujmp eaxv߂gĂȂB http://itpro.nikkeibp.co.jp/article/COLUMN/20080615/308083/ 157 F F2008/06/18() 02:09:01 ID:??? 6l̃tB[hobNŃXpmA[ZLeBASPwANSWREx ISPƂȂǂWJCtH}jA16AăNEh}[ÑXpmGWuCloudmark Authorityv𓋍ڂ[ZLeBT[rXwANSWRE(http://www.answre.jp/)x̒񋟂Aʌl/ƌɊJnB T[rX̓[U[̃[[POPڑv𒆌pA㗝ڑ邱ƂŁAXpEBX/tBbVO[쏜Ƃ́BpĂ郁[T[oɈˑ邱ƂȂA[U[̔f1AJEg̓\B 񓯃T[rXɍ̗pꂽNEh}[NЂ̌mGẂAƎ̃tBK[vgZpōmxƍB ɁAuE6lȏ̃[U[̃tB[hobN𔽉f邱ƂŐx߂Ăv(CtH}jA)ƂB ݁AčISP11Ђ̗pB{łNECrbO[uNTTR~jP[VY񋟂OCNȂǂō̗pAu]𓾂Ăv()B GW𗘗pRV[}T[rX́A܂łقƂǖB [U[ł́Ap̃AvP[VvOCȂǂ͕̓KvȂA[AJEg̎MݒύX邾ŗpłB CZX1AJEgNz3,000~BȂA1J̎pԒ͖ŗp\ƂȂĂB http://journal.mycom.co.jp/news/2008/06/17/058/index.html 158 F F2008/06/18() 02:09:21 ID:??? u@v@퍐l̂ꂢȊG@P ^Cg : u@v@퍐l̂ꂢȊG@P @ : {@΁iOYpEďCj @s : LTdqo @i : 525~ (ō) ݂Ȃ񂱂ɂ́B dq{w퍐l̂ꂢȊGx̊ďC҂̎OYƐ\܂iO̎҂łjB 񂱂ɁAw퍐l̂ꂢȊGxPdqoł܂B n߂ɁÁA{΂̊Gڂ܂B ́A{肳񂪂QOOPN܂łɕG̈ꕔłB {肳̌ɂ΁AނEƈ㖱ɍsƂAEAuꂢvup̕׋ɂȂvu勳ɂȂvulɂȂvƏqׂĂAƂƂłB QVȓ̊GڂĂ܂B http://www.dotbook.jp/dotbook/details.php?id=IP0147 159 F F2008/06/18() 15:23:21 ID:??? _Ɣp猴𐶐J ޖ؃NYATgELrA瓙̔_ƔpHׁAoqɂĊJ܂iTIMES ONLINE http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/news/environment/article4133668.ecejB ̔錴͐̕KvقƂǖA1o50Őłi݂̒li1o140jAvZX̓J[{lKeBuiޗCz_Yf̕AEpŔro_Yf葽jłƂ܂B čł͖T1.4o𒴂ʂ̐ΖĂAŘdƂ530km2ɂԑK͂Ȏ{݂KvƂȂAʐY͌IȏԂł͂܂B ܂A݂͔͊ueɕ߂ĂAprIƔjĂƂ̂ƂłAʐYƂȂꍇ̑΍OƎv܂B uK\ƎRɍł֔Rv񂶂Ă܂(http://slashdot.jp/science/article.pl?sid=08/06/15/1354228)Ačł͐Ζʏ̎dg݂ςɍςޕ@̊JM悤łB http://slashdot.jp/science/article.pl?sid=08/06/18/0253258 160 F F2008/06/18() 15:23:46 ID:??? ]gwbhohߓoA]gŃQ[vC\ ]gŃQ[vCłƂɃj[NȐi{ɔ錩݂B OCŹuNeural Impulse ActuatorvƂiŁA\Ă̂̓cNp\R{XIIB \24,800~B Neural Impulse ActuatoriOCZj http://www.ocztechnology.com/products/ocz_peripherals/nia-neural_impulse_actuator http://www.ocztechnologyforum.com/forum/showthread.php?t=38653 ̐íAuNeural Impulsevowbhoh𓪂ɑA̓͂Œʏ̃Q[vCłƂ́B ̓IɂǂoŁAǂ삪sȂ͕̂sAWebTCgł́AWCXeBbNL[{[h̓͂]gōsȂ悤ȐݒʂJĂB ܂Au˂50ȂviЁjƂbgƂB u]gObYv͑OႪȂł͂ȂA͔̔̂ɊB ̂Ƃpx͕sAƂт胆j[Nȓ̓ObYƂĒڂłB http://www.watch.impress.co.jp/akiba/hotline/20080621/etc_brain.html 161 F F2008/06/18() 15:24:23 ID:??? Google617 (n)AvO~OReXguGoogle Code Jam 2008v̎QtJnB N͗\IEh500lenGoogleItBXōs郊[WiZ~t@Ciɏ҂B 100lGoogle{Ђł̃Oht@CiɒށB܋z80,000hƂȂĂB Google Code Jamł́AQ҂ԓɃASYɒ킵Aƃ|Cg𓾂B̍v_ŏʂ܂B _̏ꍇ́A𓚒o܂ł̎ԂƐ납ZoꂽyieB[Ԃ̏ȂʂɂȂB N͉ߋCode JamD҂o[łGoogle20%-time[쐬c[p邻B Code Jamւ̓o^t617ߌ4(UTC)Ɏn܂AICōs\I(Qualification)EhI717ߌ11()ɏIB 725n܂ICEhoāAgbv500lAWApVtBbNA[bpAAAtJAAJXȂǂ̒nGoogleItBXōsZ~t@CiEhɏ҂B Ƀgbv100lN1114ɕăJtHjAB}Eer[ Google{ЂŊJÂt@CiEhɋi߂B Code Jamɂ13Έȏォo^ł邪AGoogleItBXł̃ReXgɎQł̂18ΈȏƂȂB z80,000h̏܋̐U蕪́AD҂10,000hA25,000hA32,500hƂȂĂB ܂D҂ GoogleItBXł̃10񖳗Ŋy߂錠lB uvO~O̓ɒރR[_[Google̓T|[gƋɁAĚƃItBXЉłXy݂ɂĂvƃGWjAOSoCXvWfgVic GundotraB O2006NCode Jamɂ100Jȏォ21,000lȏオQBVAPetr MitrichevDB http://journal.mycom.co.jp/news/2008/06/18/007/index.html 162 F F2008/06/18() 15:26:30 ID:??? The Upside of ADHD Wanderlust. Restlessness. Shpilkes. In our sedentary society, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) means disrupted classrooms and lost worker productivity. But for nomads, it might be the key to success. A new study in the journal BMC Evolutionary Biology says that DRD4, the gene frequently associated with ADHD, behaves differently across environments, and might cause those who whither while sitting down to excel in a roaming lifestyle. The study, conducted by researchers from the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, compared body mass index (BMI) among the Ariaal people of northern Kenya. Some of the Ariaal have recently settled down, while other groups continue with the nomadic traditions of their ancestors. The researchers found that nomadic Ariaal with the ADHD-related version of DRD4 had a higher BMI than settled Ariaal with the same gene type. For people like the Ariaal, weight means health, and health means prosperity. If ADHD makes for a successful nomad but a failed office worker, there may be other pathologies that are negative within our particular environment, but beneficial in another. The UWM team continues to investigate how these behaviors play out in other cultural settings; in the meantime, anyone who canft sit still can just say, ghey, maybe itfs the nomad in me.h ֘AL >>124-125 http://tmp7.2ch.net/test/read.cgi/kitchen/1212478591/124-125 http://www.popsci.com/scitech/article/2008-06/upside-adhd 163 F F2008/06/18() 19:23:21 ID:??? lbg̃NR~𒊏oATCgɌfڂuoCvXv ЃNGCeBuz[v2008N618ABlogfȂǂɏꂽRgǎȈӌ𒊏oAЃTCg⏤iЉTCgȂǂɌfڂł\[VAuoCvX(http://www.creativehope.co.jp/service/tool/viralpress/)v̒񋟂JnB oCvX́AiȂǎwL[[hɘARecقAlm\gLIŗǎȈӌ݂̂𒊏o邽߁ARo[W̌ɌqƂB ȂAoCvXō̗pĂ AI ́AЃuOEHb[Ђ͉͋̕ZpƂȂĂB http://japan.internet.com/wmnews/20080618/1.html 164 F F2008/06/18() 19:24:33 ID:??? uuO{v2eT[rX Blog ̉e͂]uuO[gv Bloglbg[N^cЂ̃AWCfBAElbg[NiAMNjƁAQ^WebvbgtH[̃}ClbgEWp2008N617A AMN ƂC^[lbgŉ^cuuO{v2eT[rXƂāABlog ̓e͂͂T[rX uuO[g(http://japan.internet.com/wmnews/20080618/4.html?rss)vJB uO[g̃gbvy[WBlog URL͂ƁA Blog ̉e̓x⃌[_[[g𒲂ׂ邱ƂłB uO[g]@̌ɂȂĂ̂́AAccessiANZXjABuzzibxFBlog TCg̔탊NjAClipi\[VubN}[NT[rX̔NbvjA Discussionic_xF\[Vj[XTCgȂǂł̒ڐAc_jAEvaluatei]Fǎ҂̕]xjAFeediwǐFRSS tB[h̍wǐj6̗vfB ݁AEɂ͖7,000BlogA1̓e150ȏAƌĂB ܂A{BlogéAʂł͉pĐE1ʁAƂĂB Ał́A{Blogɂ͎IBlogL𐶐vOȂǂɂXpIBlog4ȏ㑶݂AƂʂAɗBlogTƎ̂ȂĂB ̂悤ȔwiAAMN ƃ}ClbgEWpł́AXBlog̎e͂̒xAт̓ȒPɔcdg݂ƂāAuO[gJɎg񂾁B http://japan.internet.com/wmnews/20080618/4.html 165 F F2008/06/18() 19:24:53 ID:??? }bv Web tut}bvNv ЃANgjb2008N618AuGoogle Mapsv̒n_ Web tT[rXut}bvN(http://www.docosumi.jp/mapsearch/)ṽeXg^pJnB t}bvŃAn}̒n_炻̏ꏊɊ֘A鎖 WebA摜AƈꊇŌłT[rXB ɂ́AGoogleAYahooAWikipediaAYouTubeAȂсAƂ9̌TCgƘAB ɁÃ}bvTCgΏۂƂȂĂ邽ߒn}ɂn_AX|bgA{݂Ȃǂ̏ʂƂē邱Ƃ\B }bv Web ́An}_uNbNĕ\镡́gX|bghIB ܂ACӂ̃L[[h^O͂āAƂ΁AX|bg{^OiفjAn^Oiss݁jAX|bg{nissjȂǂƂAlXȌł̌ɑΉĂƂB http://japan.internet.com/busnews/20080618/3.html 166 F F2008/06/18() 19:25:35 ID:??? AMDAX[p[Rs[^̎ GPU I ̐ GPU ̏tA2 GPU [J[ ATI Technologies (AMD ̎q) NVIDIA ́AȐĂB AMD 16Aő\͂ TFLOPS ɋyԎOtBbN vZbTwRadeon 4000xIB AMD ̃OtBbNiO[vSVjA oCXvWfg Rick Bergman ͉̐ȏŁÂ悤ɐĂB ũvZbT́Ab1̕_Z\ŁA1TFLOPS ̃Rs[^ɕCGB́A킸1Z[gl̑傫ȂvZbTɂƂāAٓIȖiv Bergman Radeon 4000 vZbTɂāAp\RpAhI^J[hƂėT񋟂JnƏqׂBuh́wRadeon HDxŁAi͖200h̗\肾B ̌AfXNgbv p\Rуm[gp\R̃[J[eЂAvZbT̗pB Bergman ɂƁARadeon 4000 ͏]̃Q[@ڂĂ GPU Dꂽ\炷ƂB ́A荂xȃQ[OtBbN߂郆[U[wɑiB ܂A1997NɃFX̐EsIGarry Kasparov jIBM ̃X[p[Rs[^wDeep BluexƔׂĂARadeon 4000 100{̔\͂ Bergman ͌B AMD 90ɋyԃv[e[V̒ŁAЂ񏥂wCinema 2.0x\zɑ̎Ԃ₵B Cinema 2.0 ́AƂƊJ҂ɂGRVXeŁAfǐA݂ƂlĈrfIQ[̑oɑgݍ킹̌񋟂悤Ƃg݂B ̃fXg[Vł́ASF e[}ɂXg[[ŁAƌ܂قǂ̃Aj[VrfIQ[ȂǂIꂽB Bergman ɂƁA̐VOtBbNZp߂\ɉfЂȊ֐SĂAZpɂāA f̌JƓ킸ɒx邾ŁA܂ňȏɃAȑo^̃rfIQ[\ɂȂƂB http://japan.internet.com/webtech/20080618/12.html 167 F F2008/06/18() 19:25:57 ID:??? GPU1TFlops̎ցAGPGPUɒe݂t NVIDIAAMDꂼnCGhGPUGeForce GTX 280Radeon HD 4850𔭕\AĂx[XƂGPGPU\ꂽB GeForce GTX 280x[XƂTesla-10V[YiJ[h^iTesla C1060AThe Register̋LjRadeon HD 4850x[XFireStream 9250iPC Watch̋LjŁA\͂͂ǂ1TFlopsiFireStream 92501TFlopsȏjB Tesla-10͐Vɔ{xZɑΉiFireStream͐9170ΉjB {x̐\͒Pxɔׂė悤iFireStream 9250200GFlopsjANEC̃X[p[Rs[^uSX-91m[hł̍ő含\1.6TFlopsƂ̂Ƃ̂Ȃ̂ŁAJ[h1ƂĂ͔ɍ\ƌ邾낤B ̑O1y^FlopsBIBMRoadRunnerOpeteron{Cell̍\ATop500̏ʂCPU{GPU^CṽX[p[Rs[^oꂷ悤ɂȂ̂낤B http://slashdot.jp/articles/08/06/18/0854200.shtml 168 F F2008/06/18() 19:26:20 ID:??? FKl炸̃J[3Db^CXN[uHoloViziovij HolografikaЂ́uHoloViziov́AlœɌJ[3DXN[łB pKlsvŁAĂ鑤ʒuɂČAOς܂B NHK̃CeÕer݂łˁB HoloVizio͌Windowsł́uHoloVizio 128WLDvLinuxł́uHoloVizio 720RCv܂B 吨ňxɉʂƂłAƂĂ݂₷̂łB CɂȂ邨líAƂ킩Ȃ̂łAGDP炢͂񂶂ȂłˁH http://www.gizmodo.jp/2008/06/3dholovizio.html 169 F F2008/06/18() 19:26:57 ID:??? ]gŁuZJhCtṽAo^[𓮂I Ƀj[^Cv̎ɓ˓I u@mK_vł́Aj[^CvTCR~gāAvOŃt@l𑀍삵ĂB ̒Ŏvׂ邾ŉu삪\ɂȂB ݂͌̉ȊwZp̖̂ЂƂłA̍ɋ@𖄂ߍőΏە𑀍삷錤Ȃǂi߂ĂB Ă̂сAcmwHw̋ꏁutAE\ȑugpẲubIut͂̎ŁA葫sRȒjɑugĂ炢uZJhCtṽAo^[𑀍삷邱Ƃɐ̂łB ł͂܂AugpOɁAj]Ŏ葫𓮂C[WAĂȂƂ̔]g𑪒B ̃f[^Ɂuu[E}VEC^[tF[XvƂZpŁuOivuE܁vu܁vu~v4̓Augĉ\ɂB ܂AcmwZJhCtLpXɁuu[E}VEC^[tF[XET[Z^[vvHB Kɂg[jOWŉ̎ʐ^̂悤ɔ팱҂PԂ݂B ̃g[jOWł́AWOUO̐ɂS[̐ԂڎwāAAo^[𓮂ĂƂPsȂĂB 팱҂̒j́AdԈ֎q̑_|C[WŃAo^[OiƂB ۂɒj͔]gŃAo^[邱ƂɐA{CXbg@\ŎɎQwƉbB utɂƁAق̔팱҂̎ł́AZJhCt̃Z^[̊OɍsĐRoRƂB ĝ𓮂ȂlƁAǂĂs͈͂Ă܂B A]g@mēfoCXJł΁A܂ZJhCt̒ł͂邯ǁAs͈͂LĂB ̎͏IɁAo[[hłȂA[hɂpĂ͂B ₪āAĝ̕sRȐlǂǂЉɐio悤ɂȂAׂĂ̐l̐֗ɂȂĂƂ낤B http://ascii.jp/elem/000/000/143/143028/ 170 F F2008/06/18() 19:27:18 ID:??? ؍BLOG 2008.06.18 xW~@Rg˓ xW~Rgɓ˓悤łBlXPԂłǁAvȂł傤B http://kirik.tea-nifty.com/diary/ 171 F F2008/06/18() 22:01:57 ID:??? Kurt Schwitterš\i^ http://jp.youtube.com/watch?v=55Bi1VxtC4g http://jp.youtube.com/watch?v=qGAnINpvSeo http://jp.youtube.com/watch?v=gPKpX0bGqps 172 F F2008/06/19() 00:19:24 ID:??? First known digital music recording surfaces(1) A crackly analogue recording made in 1951 is the earliest known example of a digital computer making music, say UK historians. The recording captures one of the earliest computers to use short term random access memory playing God Save the King, Baa Baa Black Sheep and a short piece of Glenn Miller's In The Mood. The Ferranti Mark 1 computer was built by UK electrical engineering firm Ferranti in collaboration with Manchester University, UK. It was the world's first commercial computer, and nine were sold between 1951 and 1957. In 1951 the BBC recorded a musical performance by the machine for a children's radio show and also presented someone there with a private copy on an acetate disk. It is that disk that has now surfaced in the Computer Conservation Society's archives. "I heard this performance at the time it happened," Geoff Tootill, an engineer who helped design the computer, told New Scientist. A loudspeaker was attached to the computer to let its operators monitor key progress by listening, allowing them to do other activities at the same time. "It was programmed to make a short click every time an instruction was completed," Tootill explains. "These days that would be a supersonic tone," says Tootill, because modern computers process instructions so quickly. 173 F F2008/06/19() 00:20:06 ID:??? First known digital music recording surfaces(2) Once the Mark 1 finished a program, it would also produce a characteristic tone to alert the operators. The music played by the computer was encoded in a program written by Chris Strachey, a friend of computer science pioneer Alan Turing. Turing wrote the first manual for the Mark 1 and sent a copy to Strachey, who wrote several programs for the Manchester machine to try out. After feeding his programs into the machine on punched tape, "one of them, to our surprise, played music," says Tootill. The Ferranti Mark 1 was not the first digital computer to play music, but no earlier recordings are known to exist, says the Computer Conservation Society. Australia's first digital computer, CSIRAC, is thought to have played music a few weeks before the recording of the Mark 1 was made, but sadly no recording has yet been found. http://technology.newscientist.com/channel/tech/dn14160-first-known-digital-music-recording-surfaces.html?feedId=online-news 174 F F2008/06/19() 00:20:47 ID:??? uAFirefox3łoHvOperaM҂Ɍ߂̃AhI26 Firefox3[XꂽB 󂷂邪AFirefox2܂ł́uȃN\xuEUgƂAǂȔQ[Bm9iODOj߷ެvƎvĂB Ƃ낪x̓źAOo[WƂ͔וɂȂȂʗǂȂĂB Ƀ[ɊւĂ͑啝ɉPĂB ȑO̓^u30JƎgɂȂȂA100JĂTNTNAOperaƐ^ł܂łɉǂĂB uFirefox́IɁ~~@vȂĂGIGAZINẼgf\bhȂĕKvȂB Â܂܂ł͉oȂ̂͑ς炸ŁAOperaƓ̋@\ɂ͑̃AhIȂ΂ȂȂB ͋؋Opera[U[łFirefox3g悤ɂAhITAŎgĂ݂B http://d.hatena.ne.jp/TERRAZI/20080618/p2 175 F F2008/06/19() 05:26:23 ID:??? l̕\ʂHɁCNTTp NTTl̕\ʂHɗpZpubh^NgvpB ʂ̗pŕCFؗpICJ[h̒ʐMiBJ[hgɕtĂΎM@thAmuȂǂɎG邾F؂łB ̋ZpgʐMuuFirmov̕]Lbg NTTGNgjNX6oׂB bh^NǵCl̂̕\ʂȂǂHɗpʐMZpłB i1j230krbg/b̈ʐMƁCi2j10Mrbg/b̑oʐM2ނBi1jICJ[h̒ʐMȋւɎgB i2jLANƂĂ̗pOɒûŁCMɍx̌ZT[gčB񐻕î́i1j̕B ̓IȗpV[͎̂悤ɂȂBJ[h̑M@͏㒅̃|PbgɓꂽCXgbvŎ񂩂牺肷邾ł悢B ̏Ԃ̂܂܂ŎM@hAmuɎGƁCFIDڂMl̕\ʂĎM@ɑB bh^Ng̑傫ȓ͓H̍ގȂƁBKX؍ށCSvXbNȂǁCUd̂̐ʓIȍގʂĒʐMłB ʏ̓dCʐM̂悤ɓdĝł͂ȂCl̕\ʂɗUNdEŐM邱ƂŎĂB pł|CǵC肵dEǂZpJƂłB M@UNdȆ唼͑M@ɖ߂CA[Xɖ߂肵āCM@ɓ̂͂킸ƂȂĂ܂B ɁCA[XƑM@̊ԂɔeʁiVeʁjɕω邽߁CdEx肵ȂB̌ʁCM@󂯂dEキsɂȂCMǂݎ邱ƂB NTT́CM@ƎM@ōHv{B Ⴆ΁CM@ł́CVeʂ̒lɑ肵ĉH̃p[^iAN^Xj𒲐邱ƂŁCd͂ŗUNdEőɂȂ悤ɂB M@ł́CȓdEłmɓǂݎHJB http://itpro.nikkeibp.co.jp/article/COLUMN/20080604/306330/ 176 F F2008/06/19() 05:26:56 ID:??? Hw:uvʂvɓ ܂ł̔]E@BC^[tF[X́ARs[^[ʏ̃J[\𓮂̂ɎgꂽႪقƂǂB A}JNUgŁA֐߂̐lH]̊MŃA^Cɐł邱Ƃ؂ꂽB T͎ŉaƂۑŁA^玿̊gď]肸ƍIɐ䂵ăqg^̋𑀂B ̐ʂ͏ApIȐ_o^lHJŏdvȂ̂ƂȂ邾낤B http://www.natureasia.com/japan/nature/updates/index.php?id=66857&issue=7198 http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v453/n7198/full/nature06996.html 177 F F2008/06/19() 05:28:39 ID:??? RSSƃRg}XsɁFav.or.itɃx[^J(1) tB[hƃRg̃AOQ[^ufav.or.it(http://fav.or.it/)ṽx[^łƈʌJƂȂB TechCrunch UK(http://uk.techcrunch.com/2008/06/17/favorit-automatic-commenting-for-the-people/)B j[XñTCguOƂ̃C^NVȑf@\𑽐ځB t@E_[Nick Halstead͍AtB[hǂݎƃRg\Ȍ}XsɂȂނ̂ɂƂjڕWɃtH[JXĂB Robert Scoble݂Ȑl^󂯂Ăɂւ炸ATCg͓AɃVRo[̃uK[Louis GrayȂǂ́ĝȂ̃tB[h[_[hƂČ󂯂B RSS[_[DƂɂƂFav.or.it͕Ȃ낤B Fav.or.it̃TCg2000̃tB[hpӂĂA3000tB[hǉƂȂ邪AtB[hǉ̂Fav.or.itłėp҂ł͂Ȃ炾iȂƂ̂Ƃ́jB@ Fav.or.itł́upړI̗p͂fvƃtB[hL҂肵̂ɂĂ͗v̂ݕ\B tB[hL҂͍LtB[hɓ\t邱Ƃ\ŁȀꍇAFav.or.itł͉ςɂ\B 178 F F2008/06/19() 05:29:03 ID:??? RSSƃRg}XsɁFav.or.itɃx[^J(2) Fav.or.iťX̃ACfBÁuLɃRgƁATCgƌl^̃uO̗ɃRg\ł悤ɂ邱ƁvB ̃ACfBA͍cĂARgt͊iiɃVvɂȂB œЂCoCommentATanglerADisqusAIntense Debatê悤ȃRgVXeƌׂ邱ƂɂȂB RgƁAsēǂނ悤ʒmĂAdobe AirAv݊JȂقAFav.or.itł͊eT[rX畝Lp҂IDW߂邱ƂłB ܂ATwitter FriendFeedAOpenID̑玩IDǉłB Fav.or.it̂ƂUKłŃvCx[gx[^\̐O̍N10Љ(http://uk.techcrunch.com/2007/10/02/is-favorit-a-digg-killer/)B ̎Ă悤ɃTCgłJavascriptgāAp҂LǂގԂ̒vĂB ͔ɖ𗧂f[^B XN[ސȂƔf΃^C}[ꎞ~܂łĂ̂B Ⴆ΁A[ƁA100[h̒ZLȂ̂ɉʂ̑O2ĂƂB Fav.or.itł͂̃f[^gāAp҂̂CɓƎvL𐄏n߂B@ Fav.or.itPHPZend FrameworkgāA3l̃fxbp[JBCo葽낤B ŏIIɖɂȂ̂́ACXg[̃I[fBGXۂ̎̃TCg߂Ă邩ǂAllFav.or.it̃Rg@\͔ɃptƎvĂB ǁAꂾŐł邩ۂ́ASJƂȂ̓ȂƉƂȂB http://jp.techcrunch.com/archives/20080617favorit-finally-opens-beta-to-take-rss-and-commenting-mainstream/ 179 F F2008/06/19() 05:33:56 ID:??? Bad guys really do get the most girls(1) NICE guys knew it, now two studies have confirmed it: bad boys get the most girls. The finding may help explain why a nasty suite of antisocial personality traits known as the "dark triad" persists in the human population, despite their potentially grave cultural costs. The traits are the self-obsession of narcissism; the impulsive, thrill-seeking and callous behaviour of psychopaths; and the deceitful and exploitative nature of Machiavellianism. At their extreme, these traits would be highly detrimental for life in traditional human societies. People with these personalities risk being shunned by others and shut out of relationships, leaving them without a mate, hungry and vulnerable to predators. But being just slightly evil could have an upside: a prolific sex life, says Peter Jonason at New Mexico State University in Las Cruces. "We have some evidence that the three traits are really the same thing and may represent a successful evolutionary strategy." Jonason and his colleagues subjected 200 college students to personality tests designed to rank them for each of the dark triad traits. They also asked about their attitudes to sexual relationships and about their sex lives, including how many partners they'd had and whether they were seeking brief affairs. The study found that those who scored higher on the dark triad personality traits tended to have more partners and more desire for short-term relationships, Jonason reported at the Human Behavior and Evolution Society meeting in Kyoto, Japan, earlier this month. But the correlation only held in males. 180 F F2008/06/19() 05:34:17 ID:??? Bad guys really do get the most girls(2) James Bond epitomises this set of traits, Jonason says. "He's clearly disagreeable, very extroverted and likes trying new things - killing people, new women. "Just as Bond seduces woman after woman, people with dark triad traits may be more successful with a quantity-style or shotgun approach to reproduction, even if they don't stick around for parenting. "The strategy seems to have worked. We still have these traits," Jonason says. This observation seems to hold across cultures. David Schmitt of Bradley University in Peoria, Illinois, presented preliminary results at the same meeting from a survey of more than 35,000 people in 57 countries. He found a similar link between the dark triad and reproductive success in men. "It is universal across cultures for high dark triad scorers to be more active in short-term mating," Schmitt says. "They are more likely to try and poach other people's partners for a brief affair." Barbara Oakley of Oakland University in Rochester, Michigan, says that the studies "verify something a lot of people have conjectured about". Christopher von Rueden of the University of California at Santa Barbara says that the studies are important because they confirm that personality variation has direct fitness consequences. "They still have to explain why it hasn't spread to everyone," says Matthew Keller of the University of Colorado in Boulder. "There must be some cost of the traits." One possibility, both Keller and Jonason suggest, is that the strategy is most successful when dark triad personalities are rare. Otherwise, others would become more wary and guarded. http://www.newscientist.com/channel/sex/mg19826614.100-bad-guys-really-do-get-the-most-girls.html?feedId=online-news 181 F F2008/06/19() 05:34:38 ID:??? Black holes have simple feeding habits(1) The biggest black holes may feed just like the smallest ones, according to data from NASA's Chandra X-ray Observatory and ground-based telescopes. This discovery supports the implication of Einstein's relativity theory that black holes of all sizes have similar properties, and will be useful for predicting the properties of a conjectured new class of black holes. The conclusion comes from a large observing campaign of the spiral galaxy M81, which is about 12 million light years from Earth. In the center of M81 is a black hole that is about 70 million times more massive than the Sun, and generates energy and radiation as it pulls gas in the central region of the galaxy inwards at high speed. In contrast, so-called stellar mass black holes, which have about 10 times more mass than the Sun, have a different source of food. These smaller black holes acquire new material by pulling gas from an orbiting companion star. Because the bigger and smaller black holes are found in different environments with different sources of material to feed from, a question has remained about whether they feed in the same way. Using these new observations and a detailed theoretical model, a research team compared the properties of M81's black hole with those of stellar mass black holes. The results show that either big or little, black holes indeed appear to eat similarly to each other, and produce a similar distribution of X-rays, optical and radio light. One of the implications of Einstein's theory of General Relativity is that black holes are simple objects and only their masses and spins determine their effect on space-time. The latest research indicates that this simplicity manifests itself in spite of complicated environmental effects. 182 F F2008/06/19() 05:35:01 ID:??? Black holes have simple feeding habits(2) "This confirms that the feeding patterns for black holes of different sizes can be very similar," said Sera Markoff of the Astronomical Institute, University of Amsterdam in the Netherlands, who led the study. "We thought this was the case, but up until now we haven't been able to nail it." The model that Markoff and her colleagues used to study the black holes includes a faint disk of material spinning around the black hole. This structure would mainly produce X-rays and optical light. A region of hot gas around the black hole would be seen largely in ultraviolet and X-ray light. A large contribution to both the radio and X-ray light comes from jets generated by the black hole. Multi-wavelength data is needed to disentangle these overlapping sources of light. "When we look at the data, it turns out that our model works just as well for the giant black hole in M81 as it does for the smaller guys," said Michael Nowak, a coauthor from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. "Everything around this huge black hole looks just the same except it's almost 10 million times bigger." Among actively feeding black holes the one in M81 is one of the dimmest, presumably because it is "underfed". It is, however, one of the brightest as seen from Earth because of its relative proximity, allowing high quality observations to be made. "It seems like the underfed black holes are the simplest in practice, perhaps because we can see closer to the black hole," said Andrew Young of the University of Bristol in England. "They don't seem to care too much where they get their food from." 183 F F2008/06/19() 05:35:21 ID:??? Black holes have simple feeding habits(3) This work should be useful for predicting the properties of a third, unconfirmed class called intermediate mass black holes, with masses lying between those of stellar and supermassive black holes. Some possible members of this class have been identified, but the evidence is controversial, so specific predictions for the properties of these black holes should be very helpful. In addition to Chandra, three radio arrays (the Giant Meterwave Radio Telescope, the Very Large Array and the Very Long Baseline Array), two millimeter telescopes (the Plateau de Bure Interferometer and the Submillimeter Array), and Lick Observatory in the optical were used to monitor M81. These observations were made simultaneously to ensure that brightness variations because of changes in feeding rates did not confuse the results. Chandra is the only X-ray satellite able to isolate the faint X-rays of the black hole from the emission of the rest of the galaxy. This result confirms less detailed earlier work by Andrea Merloni from the Max Planck Institute for Extraterrestrial Physics (MPE) in Garching, Germany and colleagues that suggested that the basic properties of larger black holes are similar to the smaller ones. Their study, however, was not based on simultaneous, multi-wavelength observations nor the application of a detailed physical model. http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2008-06/cxc-bhh061808.php 184 F F2008/06/19() 05:57:38 ID:??? Auch zwerge haben klein angefangen (Werner Herzogul̋vl^) http://jp.youtube.com/watch?v=3NGX2-dOAEI Harpya - Raoul Servais, 1978 (Raoul Servais̃ph[܍) http://jp.youtube.com/watch?v=GAY8fCkP0i8 Opening# A Page of Madness (1926) (ߊ}vuŁv) http://jp.youtube.com/watch?v=TQiHR-mYgTM 185 F F2008/06/19() 06:04:39 ID:??? u/b/vuold /b/v http://img.4chan.org/b/imgboard.html http://www.lurkmore.com/wiki//b/_Hacks#2008 186 F F2008/06/19() 06:14:04 ID:??? yt@CLTCg̃XgB http://www.webupon.com/Audio/Music-Rules-2-Top-60-Music-Websites-That-Deliver-the-Greatest-Free-Music.132133?v=1 187 F F2008/06/19() 07:04:57 ID:??? apan ramps up patent effort to keep iPS lead(1) As the battle to create therapeutic stem-cell lines intensifies, Japan is waking up to the fact that the United States could steal a march on it by being the first to commercialize induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cell technology. Shinya Yamanaka and his colleagues at Kyoto University pioneered the creation of iPS cells, and the technology is seen as something of a national industry ? albeit one in its extreme infancy. Like embryonic stem (ES) cells, human iPS cells have the potential to develop into any of the body's cell types, and are expected to have tremendous value in drug screening and for therapeutic purposes. They are easier to produce than ES cells and are not associated with the same controversial source ? iPS cells can be derived from adult cells rather than embryonic cells. On the same day in November 2007 that Yamanaka reported his human iPS cells, James Thomson's team at the University of Wisconsin-Madison separately published similar results. The details of any patents applied for by either party are not known ? in Japan, as in Europe, a patent is awarded to the researchers who file first; in the United States, the patent goes to the group that can show it invented the technology first. University stalled over developing a strategy to protect its patents because of a lack of legal expertise on involvement with industry. This has caused much anxiety in the Japanese media, with pundits fretting over what they see as imminent US ascendancy in the field. The Nikkei Keizai Shimbun newspaper, for example, notes that presentations on iPS cells by non-Japanese groups had arrived gone after the otherh at last week's meeting of the International Society for Stem Cell Research in Philadelphia, adding that gJapan should be leading in iPS technology, but things have taken a turn for the worseh. 188 F F2008/06/19() 07:05:51 ID:??? Japan ramps up patent effort to keep iPS lead(2) This might be about to change, though, with the launch of 'iPS Academia Japan', a company set up to manage Kyoto University's iPS patents. The company, which is due to start up within a month, will be backed by around \1.2 billion (US11 million) from a fund created jointly in May by Daiwa Securities Group, the Sumitomo Mitsui bank and NIF SMBC Ventures, a private Japanese equity company. A Daiwa Securities representative says that no return is expected, gat least not in the short term. It is a form of corporate social responsibility.h A central purpose of iPS Academia Japan is gto prevent some group or company from monopolizing iPS technologyh, says Hiroshi Matsumoto, Kyoto University's executive vice-president, who has been heading the dealings between the university and the investors. It may already be too late. Kazuhiro Sakurada, who led the research arm of drug company Bayer Yakuhin in Kobe, is now chief scientific officer of iZumi Bio in San Francisco, California, a company set up to commercialize iPS cells. In April, reports claimed that Sakurada had created his own iPS cells in April 2007 while at Bayer Yakuhin, even though his results were not published until this January. There are unconfirmed reports that Yamanaka did not create his first cells until July 2007, and it is not known who would hold the critical patent. Although Yamanaka has patents from his original iPS work in mice, it is not clear whether these patents will cover human iPS cells. Neither Sakurada nor Yamanaka would comment on the issue. 189 F F2008/06/19() 07:06:53 ID:??? Japan ramps up patent effort to keep iPS lead(3) Little is known about iZumi Bio, and this exacerbates Japanese fears. The company is in gstealth modeh, according to a spokesperson at Burson-Marsteller, the public-relations firm representing iZumi in Tokyo. It has a skeletal website (www.izumibio.com) that presents only its mission statement: to use gthe power of induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells to transform drug discovery and regenerative medicineh. Yutaka Teranishi, who heads Kyoto University's intellectual-property office, says there is currently no formal relationship between the university and iZumi. But he adds: gWe would be ready to license the technology to any partner ready to [develop iPS-cell technology for the benefit of patients].h Thane Kreiner, chief executive of iZumi Bio, told Nature only that the company is funded by Kleiner Perkins Caufield and Byers, the high-powered venture-capital company that helped create Genentech, and Highland Capital Partners. giZumi is engaging in discussions with various potential partners,h Kreiner says, and would not discuss the company's business model further. But on Monday, iZumi announced ga major research collaboration and licensing agreement to focus on applications for iPS cellsh with Gladstone Institutes, based in San Francisco. Yamanaka has a joint position there. http://www.nature.com/news/2008/080618/full/453962a.html?s=news 190 F F2008/06/19() 07:39:36 ID:??? >>187 ~apan Japan 191 F F2008/06/19() 21:21:33 ID:??? NICTCgG闧̉fh̋ZpŕČ Ɨs@l̏ʐM@\iNICTj2008N618C̉f̐GmFłZpgāCGȌ{̕Č邱ƂɐƔ\B ɂČwKȂǋ@ւł̊pCun̏imFrWlXɊpƂȂǂ̎vłB NICTł͌JĂuՏꊴR~jP[VZpv̈ƂāCoCoCGoȂǂ̑o𓝍čČuoC^NVVXevJĂB VXe͉f\pS[OƃfBXvC܂މf񎦑CGpyƉwbhtHȂB ̃VXegƁCp҂͐pS[OʂČ̉fɐp̃yŁgGhƂŁCGGꂽ̉mFł悤ɂȂB Č͍̂ˌÕoyíuCbvB uki݂jŕGȌĂCʏłΐG邱Ƃ̂łȂMdȕB ̐ɂCC^NeBů^̐VWVXe̎pɃhviL񎺁jƂĂB z肳邱̋Zp̋̓IȗprƂẮCu񎦃foCXy΁CقwZł̃Aȑ̌wK\ɂȂB ܂C̃u[hohy͍߁Clbgpĉun炳܂܂ȏi̊ƂglB ʐM̔ȂǂŎv̂ł͂ȂvijƂ̍lB oC^NVVXe͍x摜ZpƂāCtbщȊwZpSbw鑍ȊwZpc\uvVIZp헪iājvɊ܂܂ZpB ɕYȂǂ̑̌wKւ̊p҂ĂB http://itpro.nikkeibp.co.jp/article/NEWS/20080619/308622/ 192 F F2008/06/19() 21:23:10 ID:??? 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MP3ւ̃W[uMT9vɗ͂(3) 肪킳āAVytH[}bgj񂾂ƂߋɂB2001NACoding Technologies mp3PROtH[}bgJAMP3ZpǗThomsonʂăCZX^B ̃tH[}bǵAGR[hꂽt@C̃TCYMP3̔ɂł鍂xȈkVXeAサĂB Amp3PRO̗pîThomsonPRCA߁Ae݂Ƃ͂ȂB Thomson͌ǁAtH[}bg̎x߂B Thomson2005NMP3 SurroundōĂт̒ɏoB ̃tH[}bg̖͂ƂAΉfoCXł̍ĐɃTEhTEh̗vf̂B ͏ȂAMP3T|[g邠TEhTEhfoCXɑΉB ɁAMP3̃CZX󂯂ĂƂȂ疳ŗpłB ł̃tH[}bg͈ˑRƂċɒǂꂽ܂܂B A𔺂ɂ炸AVfW^ytH[}bǵAyƊEfW^̔𑣐i邽߂ɕKvƂĂ̂B s MP3͏Ǝ҂ɂƂāAt@CD烊bsOyƂ̏\ȍʉ}قǂ̂̂ł͂ȂB MP3ICōwB̗_ƌ΁A኱Ƃ炢B ́AڋqCDD̂ɏ\Ƃ͏ؖĂȂB http://www.itmedia.co.jp/news/articles/0806/19/news010.html 195 F F2008/06/19() 21:26:38 ID:??? ΂鎆A{ł̔ u^ŏ_炩Ȏ̌͂ƍd΁vB p̐ЂJu΂v{łB A̔㗝XRMP Wpi_ސ쌧ˎsj舵n߂́B 7͐ΊD΂ŁA؍ރpvgpȂ߁AXю̕یɂȂقAċpۂCO2roʂȂ̂B łɐ_ސ쌧̐sόAG͂ւ̗̍p߂ĂARMPWpł́A͂̂قAh|X^[ɔ荞łB ̔̂́Ap̐Ђ̗ȋZJubE~lEy[p[iRMPjvB ΊD΂̕ɁA|GƎOՒf܂ĐApv͂gpĂȂB ȂAۂ炩Ƀy𓮂قAz؍ރpvgpȂ߁AϐɂDĂƂB ̔íAʏ̂͂|X^[Ɏgp鍂Ɠx̌݁B ȋZł́AċpŔroCO2̍팸}邽߁Aroʂ̑؍ރpv̑֌ƂčzɒځB RɎcΊD΂𕪉ĎɉH鐻@JB ΊD΂͔Fx߁AYHŕY܂gpKvȂAHr̐hƂbgB RMPWpɂƁAʏ̎1g̐ɂ́A23{ɑ4g̖؍ރpvKvŁAz̒łLxȐΊD΂gp邱ƂŁAXю̕یɂȂƊ҂ĂB sł2010NɊJÂAՂ̃s[A[p̊G͂RMP̗pB 1100~Ōv500̔̔n߂ĂB RMPWp̎nGȎВ́Au{̊ӎ͍ANɖ300g̔̔ڎwvƘbĂB http://bizmakoto.jp/makoto/articles/0806/19/news042.html 196 F F2008/06/19() 21:27:12 ID:??? 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I[XgA̒jAulvlbgɏoi PQÑp[gi[Ƃ̌ɏI~łI[XgA̒jQQAVl݂ƂāAdAFlȂǂ́ulvׂĂălbgőC[xCɏoiB p[XɏZރCAEAbV[iSSj͂RAulvɊ|邱Ƃ𔭕\B C^[ɑ΂Av𔭕\ɐEdq[󂯎ƏqׁȂDӓIȂ̂ƖB Ɋ܂܂̂́Ap[XɂSQhiSROO~ĵRxbh[̎AԁAoCNAߗށAイ̔Xł̎dAFlȂǁB AbV[͐Vln߂邽߂ɁAōTOhł̗D]ĂB@ pog̃AbV[͂QOOPNɃp[XɈڏZB PQNԂƂɉ߂ATN[ƕʂꂽB [ɂ͌݁Aʂ̌ۑ肪ƂB http://jp.reuters.com/article/oddlyEnoughNews/idJPJAPAN-32341620080619?feedType=RSS&feedName=oddlyEnoughNews 199 F F2008/06/19() 21:28:30 ID:??? o[S{bg̃ohwThe TronsxF j[W[h̃ohwThe Tronsx̍\o[4̂̃{bgB M^[2ƃhƃL[{[hŁA̍t𕷂ĂB ̃TEh́AFFbgEA_[OEh̉ẙSȗʎqo[WƂۂB o[Љ悤BzCȃtg}HaḿA{[JƃYM^[SB [hM^XgWiggýA1{𒣂M^[tB h}[Swamp(͓̒ʂA@̃Vvȓ)B ԍŋߊ̂L[{[hFifiŁAՂ̒ቹ||ƒ@āA݊̂x[XCtłB 2007NɃCA[h{łЉCaptured! By RobotśAYp[g{bgSohAɐlԂ͂ɂȂĂ܂悤B The TronśA621(n)Ƀj[W[h̃n~gEZgŊJÂwIgnition Fringe Festivalx̕ɓoꂷB oh̃}l[W[ƃ{bgȂ̂낤(OMurraytron?)[j[W[h̃tH[NfIƂVbgRwFlight of the ConchordsxɁAMurrayƂ̃}l[W[oꂷ]AЕčł̃MOubLOĂȂ낤B ̃oh̉t𐶂ŌĂ݂B http://wiredvision.jp/news/200806/2008061918.html 200 F F2008/06/19() 21:31:18 ID:??? ^C̍ZɃj[n[tp̃gCł ^C̓j[n[t⓯҂̑ƂėLłB oRÑJpOZiKampang High school)ňӎƂASZk2600l200l̐kAgXWF_[̈ӎĂ邱Ƃ炩ɂȂ܂B ŊwZl̂gC̐Ԃ}[NƐj}[N𔼕āAjZbNX̃gXWF_[pgCݒûłB Examiner.com(http://www.examiner.com/a-1446895~Thai_school_gets_transvestite_bathrooms.html)ɂƁA^CƂ͕ێIł͂̂́A gC̐ݒuȂǂ𗦐悵čsƂ́A^C̎ЉgXWF_[ւ̐[Ă邽߂낤Ƃ̂ƁB wZ̉^c҂́u̐k炩ꂽAƌꂽA邢͋ꂽ肹A SăgCɍs悤ɂKvvƏqׂĂA͑̍ZwւeƍlĂ܂B jZbNX̃gCł̂͂̊wZ߂Ăł͂Ȃ悤łAwȂǂł́AgXWF_[̊wcKvƂ̌Ă܂B ƂɃgXWF_[̏Ă킯ł͂ȂƂŁAȂ炠xwZɐ߂銄ꍇ́AނȂƂĂ܂B k̊l͊}ĂAȂ瓰XƊɃpE_[Ɗł܂B Ƃ͕Ă܂AɂĂ2600l200lƂ̂́AɑȂłcB http://labaq.com/archives/51043407.html 201 F F2008/06/19() 21:32:24 ID:??? XoopitAGmail Media SearchX^[gi500̏Ҍtj GmailɕtꂽfBAt@CCfbNX\[VEFu[pvOCXoopit(http://www.xoopit.com/)AGmail Media SearchX^[gB GmailW̃eLXgɃTCho[Aʐ^ArfI̓Ytt@Cꗗ\B TechCrunchǎ҂̐撅500͂TCAbvāAvCx[gT[rX̓T[rX𗘗p邱ƂłB Gmail Media SearchTCho[́AAbvSpotlightƓl̕@ŁAeJeS猟ɂƂ߂̂̃TlC\āAʂt@C^CvɕނB ̑肩󂯎̂ɌČʂ\悤ɂ邱ƂłB GoogleW̌@\ւĂ܂Ďp͂ȂBAlIɂ͂IvV̎w肪łƊiƂΓ̃t@C^CvɍijB XoopitɂčŏɐGꂽL(http://jp.techcrunch.com/archives/xoopit-makes-your-inbox-more-social-raises-5-million-and-launches-private-beta-invites/)ɏ悤ɁA Xoopit͓YtނTłȂAM̃fBAt@Cւ̃NׂČB ܂NFlickr̃Aoւ̃N𑗂Ă΁AYAoɂʐ^ׂ̂ĂCfbNXꌟł悤ɂȂƂƂB ݂̂ƂXoopitGmailł̂ݗpłBXoopitɂ΁AYahoo MailAOLȂǑ̃EFu[vbgtH[ł߂ɎlƂ̂ƁB ܂AȒPɎʐ^Ytނł悤ɂ邽߁AVfBA̋@\iGoogleEBWFbgɓĂ悤B http://jp.techcrunch.com/archives/20080618xoopit-launches-gmail-media-search-weve-got-500-invites/ 202 F F2008/06/19() 21:40:10 ID:??? "Gay Genes" May Be Good for Women(1) As gay couples race to the altar in California this week, scientists may have found an answer to the so-called gay paradox. Studies suggest that homosexuality is at least partly genetic. And although homosexuals have far fewer children than heterosexuals, so-called gay genes apparently survive in the population. A new study bolsters support for an intriguing idea: These same genes may increase fertility in women. Despite some tantalizing leads over the past 2 decades, researchers have yet to isolate any genes directly linked to homosexuality. Nevertheless, a number of studies have shown that male homosexuals have more gay male relatives on their maternal lines than on their paternal lines, leading some scientists to suggest that gay genes might be found on the X chromosome. And in 2004, a team led by evolutionary psychologist Andrea Camperio Ciani of the University of Padua in Italy reported that women related to gay men had more children than women related to heterosexual men. The differences were striking: The mothers of gay men, for example, had an average of 2.7 children, compared with 2.3 children for the mothers of heterosexual men. A similar trend held for maternal aunts. In new work, reported online this week in PLoS ONE, Camperio Ciani and his colleagues used mathematical modeling to see what kinds of genetic scenarios could explain these results. 203 F F2008/06/19() 21:40:30 ID:??? "Gay Genes" May Be Good for Women(2) The team looked at more than two dozen possibilities, such as the number of "gay genes" (one or two), how much of a reproductive advantage the genes provided, and whether the genes were located on the X chromosome or other, nonsex (autosomal) chromosomes. The model that best explained the data consisted of two "gay genes," with at least one on the X chromosome. These genes increased the fertility of women but decreased it in men--a phenomenon previously studied in insects and mammals called "sexual antagonism." Camperio Ciani's team suggests that these gay genes may actually increase how attracted both men and women are to men rather than making gay men more "feminine," as some researchers had earlier proposed. Although this is bad for male fertility, it is good for female fertility and allows such genes to survive at low but stable rates in a population, the authors say. Dean Hamer, a behavioral geneticist at the National Cancer Institute in Bethesda, Maryland, who pioneered the search for gay genes, calls the study "an elegant mathematical analysis. "He adds that the team has come up with a "simple solution" to the Darwinian paradox posed by homosexuality: "What is a 'gay gene' in a man is a 'superstraight gene' in a woman," he says. http://sciencenow.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/full/2008/618/1 204 F F2008/06/19() 22:27:17 ID:??? [gLbg̓J[lDތXAoE폜 V}ebN19Au[gLbgv̋ЂɊւJÂB http://internet.watch.impress.co.jp/cda/news/2008/06/19/19999.html Ȃ[gLbgɌo邩AV}ebNƎZp ЃV}ebN619A[gLbg̎@pZLeBXNɊւLҐJÂB http://enterprise.watch.impress.co.jp/cda/security/2008/06/19/13216.html 205 F F2008/06/19() 22:27:52 ID:??? uFlTvSč@eňJV EVNɓ闈NA{en̓V䂪ĂɁuFlvTɏoƂɂȂB őaiQ[gǰw]Ɍ͂ܓVipj̖^CAQSF{ŊJ{JV䋦̑ŌĂъ|\ŁAłɂPOJ߂𓾂ĂB SK͂ŒTŝ́AEŏ߂Ă݂̎ƂB vł́A]Aei̐ɏWAnOƎvM߂܂B {ŗBpIɒnOTsĂ鐼͂ܓV䂪A甭郌[U[ĎB ɁACwۑSwȂ̓gi݂݁jidgVwj炪AĂdg̒Tm݂B ̓V́AڕW̐ɖ]Ď̖͂rfIBeȂǂČMAlHqȂǂ̐lHoM⑼̎Rۂł͂ȂǂFbNB OVNɂĂтŔꂽAnɎĂƂ鑾znOf̃O[[TWPȂǂɂȂĂB nOTunOmITirdshjv݂̎́AUONォ琢EenōsA̐MMƂB Aʂ̎{݂ŊϑȂȂǍČȂAnOɂMƂ͒f肳ĂȂB V̊ϑ{݂Aʌ̊ϖ]ȂǂsĂ鐔̌JV䂪Q邱ƂŁAf[^̐Mグ_B http://www.asahi.com/science/update/0619/OSK200806190037.html?ref=rss 206 F F2008/06/19() 22:41:09 ID:??? Why brainy animals need more REM sleep after all (1) Why do donkeys snooze for just three hours a day, while hairy armadillos are knocked out for more than 20? Biologists have struggled to find any satisfactory explanation for the bewildering variation in how much different mammals sleep. However, new studies that take evolutionary relatedness into account promise to revolutionise the field. In particular, one large study suggests that REM (rapid eye movement) sleep ? during which the brain is highly active ? may play a key role in intelligence. Lab studies in humans already suggest that REM sleep is important for cognitive abilities such as consolidating memories ? a good night's sleep ? with plenty in the REM phase ? can improve people's ability to remember what they have learned in the day by about 15%. In other species, the evidence is less clear cut. If REM sleep helps learning, then mammals with more developed brains should presumably need more of it, but in the past no such relationship has been found. 207 F F2008/06/19() 22:41:48 ID:??? Why brainy animals need more REM sleep after all (2) Fatal flaw One of the few biological functions that has been found to correlate with sleep patterns is metabolic rate. Animals with a relatively high metabolic rate for their body size seem to need more non-REM sleep, suggesting that catching extra Zs simply helps them conserve precious energy. But John Lesku of the Max Planck Institute for Ornithology in Starnberg, Germany, believes these studies had a fatal flaw ? researchers were comparing species without taking their evolutionary relationships into account. He says that big differences in sleep patterns between evolutionary groups can swamp relationships found within those groups (see graph, right). So Lesku and his colleagues compiled studies looking at sleep patterns in 83 species of mammals ? from opossums and sloths, to cows, beavers, macaques and people ? and reanalysed the data using statistical techniques to account for their position on the evolutionary tree. "These techniques are standard throughout biology," he says, "but for some reason they never permeated sleep research." 208 F F2008/06/19() 22:42:28 ID:??? Why brainy animals need more REM sleep after all (3) 'Call to arms' The results contradict previous work. Once evolutionary relationships were factored in, the data showed that animals with big brains for their body size need a significantly higher percentage of REM sleep ? supporting a role in intelligence and cognitive function. And species with high metabolic rates for their size needed less non-REM sleep, not more. This suggests that they don't sleep to conserve energy. Instead, animals with high metabolic rates may sleep less because they burn more calories, so have to spend more time foraging for food. Lesku's results first appeared in American Naturalist in 2006 (vol 168, p 441). But since then support has been growing for the idea that sleep simply keeps animals immobile and out of harm's way. So this month he will publish a broader discussion of his results in Sleep Medicine Reviews, as a "call to arms" for the field. "It's to emphasise the necessity for these kinds of research, " he told New Scientist. "Evolution does matter." 209 F F2008/06/19() 22:42:55 ID:??? Why brainy animals need more REM sleep after all (4) 'Strongest signal' Lesku's point of view is supported by another study by Isabella Capellini of Durham University, UK, and colleagues, who tested the strength of the influence that evolutionary relatedness has on sleep patterns ? and found it to be highly significant. "Sleep scientists have ignored the fact that sleep could be affected by evolutionary relationships, " says Capellini. "But it's the strongest possible signal." After taking evolution into account, Capellini's team found that ecological factors are more important than previously acknowledged. For example, species at risk of predation tend to sleep less. "Prey can't afford to sleep for longer," she says. "This indicates that if they still sleep at all, it must do something important." http://www.newscientist.com/channel/life/dn14164-why-brainy-animals-need-more-rem-sleep.html?feedId=online-news 210 F F2008/06/20() 01:53:44 ID:??? ƂłȂꏊŃAC|uGNXg[EACjOv̎ʐ^14 R̒s@̏Aɂ͊C̒܂ŁAꏊAC|ɒ킷AGNXg[ACjOƂX|[c܂B ꕔ̐lɂ͒mĂāAWikipediaɂƉڂĂ܂B ȂȂƂŃAC|̂HGNXg[ACWpƂ{̊ĉɂƁuɃV邩vłB ACƃAC΁AǂȋɌԂ낤ƃAC|łcBȐẼACjXgɂ钧Љ܂B http://labaq.com/archives/51043876.html 211 F F2008/06/20() 01:57:10 ID:??? Japan debuts 3-D TV(1) Badminton matches look so real playing on Hyundai's new 3-D TV that you may reflexively dodge the virtual shuttlecock. Hyundai is offering -- in Japan only -- the first product for watching the 3-D programs that cable stations in Japan now broadcast about four times a day. There are a few catches: The 46-inch liquid-crystal display requires 3-D glasses; it's expensive -- 3,960, including two pairs of glasses, or about 25 percent more than a comparable regular LCD TV; and the only programs available so far include just a few minutes of video from Japan's northern island of Hokkaido -- shots from the zoo, motorcycle races and other short scenes. Seen on regular TVs, 3D programs split the screen vertically so the same image appears in both the left and right halves. Conversely, wearing the 3-D glasses while watching regular programming on the Hyundai 3-D TV produces a slight 3-D effect. The TV uses stereoscopic technology called TriDef from DDD Group Plc in Santa Monica, California, which works by sending the same image separately for the left eye and the right eye. 212 F F2008/06/20() 01:57:31 ID:??? Japan debuts 3-D TV(2) Ryo Saito of BS 11, the cable channel that runs the 3-D shows, says more content is needed for the technology to catch on, and other manufacturers need to start making 3-D televisions. "People are showing interest in 3-D programs, but most homes don't have the special TVs," he said. Samsung already sells 3-D rear projection TVs in the U.S., but there are no 3-D TV broadcasts in the United States. The technology is also available on desktop monitors and for video games. Hyundai IT is hoping to boost its image by gaining a niche audience in Japan, where the TV market is dominated by Sony Corp. and Sharp Corp. The South Korean electronics maker's 3-D TV went on sale in April, but unit sales numbers weren't available. There is no plan to sell the TV overseas, said senior manager Kim Pyeng-joong. ֘AL >>52 http://tmp7.2ch.net/test/read.cgi/kitchen/1212478591/52 http://edition.cnn.com/2008/TECH/biztech/06/19/hyundaitv.ap/index.html 213 F F2008/06/20() 20:12:40 ID:??? MIT unlocks mystery behind brain imaging(1) In work that solves a long-standing mystery in neuroscience, researchers at MIT's Picower Institute for Learning and Memory have shown for the first time that star-shaped brain cells called astrocytes?previously considered bit players by most neuroscientists?make noninvasive brain scans possible. Imaging techniques such as functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) and positron emission tomography (PET) have transformed neuroscience, providing colorful maps of brain activity in living subjects. The scans' reds, oranges, yellows and blues represent changes in blood flow and volume triggered by neural activity. But until the MIT study, reported in the June 20 issue of Science, no one knew exactly why this worked. "Why blood flow is linked to neuronal activity has been a mystery," said study co-author Mriganka Sur, Sherman Fairchild Professor of Neuroscience and head of the Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences at MIT. "Previously, people have argued that the fMRI signal reports local field potentials or waves of incoming electrical activity, but neurons do not connect directly to blood vessels. A causal link between neuronal activity and blood flow has never been shown." Of the two major cell types in the brain, glia outnumber neurons nine to one. Astrocytes?the most common type of glia?extend their branching tendrils both around synapses?through which neurons communicate?and along blood vessels. Using a cutting-edge technique, Sur and colleagues found that astrocytes receive signals directly from neurons and provide their own neuron-like responses to directly regulate blood flow. They are the missing link between neurons and blood vessels, he said. When astrocytes are shut down, fMRI doesn't work. 214 F F2008/06/20() 20:13:25 ID:??? (2) "Astrocytes are implicated in many brain disorders and express a very large number of genes that are in the brain," Sur said. "Their role is crucial for understanding brain dysfunction as well as for developing potential therapeutics." The MIT study shows that, contrary to prevailing belief, astrocytes influence complex neuronal computations such as the duration and selectivity of brain cell responses to stimuli. But their chemical signals had rendered them invisible to traditional brain research methods that monitor electrical activity. "Electrically, astrocytes are pretty silent," said study co-author James Schummers, Picower Institute postdoctoral associate. "A lot of what we know about neurons is from sticking electrodes in them. We couldn't record from astrocytes, so we ignored them." When astrocytes were imaged with two-photon microscopy, "the first thing we noticed was that the astrocytes were responding to visual stimuli. That took us completely by surprise," Schummers said. "We didn't expect them to do anything at all. Yet there they were, blinking just like neurons were blinking. We didn't know if the rest of the world would think we were crazy." "This work shows that astrocytes?which make up 50 percent of the cells in the cortex but whose function was unknown?respond exquisitely to sensory drive, regulate local blood flow in the cortex and even influence neuronal responses, " Sur said. "What's more, astrocytes are arranged in orderly feature maps, exquisitely mapped across the cortical surface in sync with neuronal maps." Two-photon microscopy uses two infrared photons to emit fluorescence that enables imaging of living tissue up to 1 millimeter deep. Previously, researchers could only see astrocytes in dyed, thin slices of dead brain tissue. http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2008-06/miot-mum061608.php 215 F F2008/06/20() 20:14:12 ID:??? HakiaAPIŎ̃Z}eBbNGWĂ݂悤 Ŏ̃Z}eBbNGW肽񂾂ǁAȊwmȂcB ȋM̂߂ɃZ}eBbNGẂuHakia(http://www.hakia.com/)vAPIJɓݐ؂B gƒNł̃eNmW[ɏĎ̃Z}eBbNAvJłB HakiaWeby[ẄӖeᖡAЂW߂M̂֘Ax̍TCg̍iȃCfbNXgČNG[}bĂB Hakia̓Z}eBbN̕PowerSet(http://www.crunchbase.com/company/powerset)TextWise(http://www.crunchbase.com/company/textwise)ɑ΍RƂB ăfxbp[ɎgĂ炤悤UȂ玩ЋZpL߂ƍlĂB g1̓oCAvvoC_uBerggi(http://video.berggi.com/)vŁAAT&TSprinťgђ[pɃZ}eBbNȃoCAvB l莝AT&T BlackberryɃ_E[hĂ݂A͂悤ƂAvt[YĂ܂Bľgт̖肩ȁB APIpKł́AJ҂ƃX^[gAbv13܂ŌłłKɂȂĂA𒴂ƃCZX_񂪕KvɁBAPIgĎłAvɂ͈ȉ̂悤Ȏނ܂܂ĂB: Web j[X o[eBJiN֘AAGlM[֘Aقj Text Summarizer ieLXgTv쐬j Text Categorizer ieLXg̃JeSj Text Characterizer@ieLXgF@g^OEǵBSEMɊpƗzIhj Text Meaning Representation@ieLXg̈Ӗj BȂ̂́AWebVWP[VT[rX̏ڍ׃NNbNƁAClub Hakiapo^y[WɃWv邱ƁB ŁAo^ƃVWP[VT[rXɂ́uComing SoonvƂ̂Bށ[B http://jp.techcrunch.com/archives/20080619build-your-own-semenatic-search-engine-with-hakias-apis/ 216 F F2008/06/20() 20:14:40 ID:??? lbg̔ƍߗ\Ax@HtʎEȍ~̌󋵂𔭕\ x@͂̂قǁAEHt68ɔʎEȍ~Ƀlbgŏ܂ꂽƍߗ\̌ E⓱󋵂𔭕\B 񍐏ɂƁA615܂łɌꂽlbg̔ƍs\6B ^҂20̒j3l10̒j3lŁAЗ͋ƖWQAUvƖWQAyƍߖ@ᔽA̋^ŁA3l ߕ߁A3l󂯂ĂB ݓeɂ́AHt̎ɐGꂽ悤ȋLqڗA߂ĎЉɗ^ȅd傳f B x@ł́A@ɐGƍߗ\ĂɂāAɑΏĂjƂB http://japan.cnet.com/marketing/story/0,3800080523,20375641,00.htm 217 F F2008/06/20() 20:27:57 ID:??? CitibankЃT[o[֕sANZXAATMőK͂Ȉo(1) ATM̈oSCitibankЂ̃T[o[ɕsANZXǍʁAN2ɁAj[[NsubNݏZ̒j2j[[NsATM琔Sɂ킽sɌoĂƂAAM@ǂ̒ɂ薾炩ɂȂB 2l͏ȂƂ75ȟsɓĂƂB ATM𗘗p̑_Ȕƍ߂́Ač̑s̃VXêւ̕sNɂȂƍ߂߂Ė݂ɏoƂ݂ƁAƂ͎wEĂB ꂽɊւƍߓIȃtH[ĎĂAss׊ĎƕCardCopsЂCEO𖱂߂Dan ClementśAus̃VXeÏؔԍRꂽ́A܂ŕƂȂvƏqׂB NWbgJ[hATM̈Ïؔԍ́AŎł͕pɂɓoꂷ񂾁B ͏ɁAtBbVO\V_[ET[tBOAZtK\X^h̐Z@ɎtꂽÜÏؔԍ͑uȂǁA\[VEGWjAOIȗZpē肳ꂽ̂B Ǎ@ǂ̑{ʂ΁ACitibankЃVXeւ̐N̂́AATMJ[hÏؔԍƊǗĂAZpɐʂ҂łA鐢EIȃTCo[ƍߎ̔Qɑ댯ƂƂB ufrbgJ[hƈÏؔԍ́A܂(ƍߎ҂)ɂȂĂvƁAClements͏qׂB CitibankЂ̓CA[huOɑ΂AЂ̃VXeɕsNƂے肵B FBĨTCo[ƍߑ{쐬鐾qɂƁA21CitibankБAw7-ElevenxɐݒuꂽATM̌o铯ЃT[o[sANZXꂽvƂʒmAFBIɂƂB j[[N̘AM@ǂ́A𗘗pA̕soJԂsȂƂāAENCiog̈ږYuriy Ryabinine^҂ANZXEfoCX\߂ŋNiB NWbgJ[h\֘ÄŃtH[̊ȃo[Ƃe^҂̋NiéAVXeN̂̂ł͂ȂB 218 F F2008/06/20() 20:28:18 ID:??? 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JWAQ[͊ԐHAi炷\\RealNetworks JWAQ[͊ԐHiȂǁAsNȏK炷ʂ\\RealNetworks618Â悤Ȓʂ𔭕\B ͓̒Ђ̃Q[RealGames4537lΏۂɍśB JWAQ[vC[̏K⃉CtX^C̑IɗǂeyڂƂꂽƂB ɂƁȀdɋCĂƓ񓚎҂̂59́AJWAQ[vC邱ƂԐHߐH֐S炵AH׉߂̉\炷Ƃ̌ɓӂB ܂i҂̂42́AJWAQ[i֐S炵A΂zpxƂ̌Ɏ^ĂB i҂ɍłlĈQ[́ACXg̒ɉBꂽACeT^CṽQ[ŁAuLittle Shop of TreasuresvuMysteryvillevlCB ܂Q҂̉񓚂ōł̂́AQ[xěŁubNXAXgXꂽvCɂȂƂ̂ƂB ֘AL >>75 http://tmp7.2ch.net/test/read.cgi/kitchen/1212478591/75 http://www.itmedia.co.jp/news/articles/0806/20/news007.html 223 F F2008/06/20() 20:31:39 ID:??? nkƖkܗւɕ֏̃Xp[o uőnkAkܗւ̊JÂԂ܂vȂǂ̓dq[ƋU̓TCgŃ[U[܂A}EFAɊoB ZLeBeЂ61819ɂăuOȂǂŏJAӂĂъ|ĂB US-CERTɂƁÃXp[烊NĂ鈫ȃTCǵAgC̖ؔńuStorm Wormv܂U炵ĂB ̃TCgɌfڂꂽrfIsƁAubeijing.exevƂt@CsAR[hɊƂB ZLeBƂSymantecSophosɂ΁AXp[̌́uDeath toll in China is growingvuChina is paralyzed by new earthquakevu2008 Olympic Games are under the threatvȂǑ̃oG[VB uł܂nkvȂǂ̕Ń[U[̒ӂURLNbN悤Au.cnṽhCgTCgւƗUB ̃TCg͉pŁu}Oj[h9.0̒nkkŔASl̋]҂oĂB k̓pjbNŖ჏ԂƂȂA2008Ňܗւ͎sɏI鋰vȂǋU̓eLځB ڕ铮Ə̂A[U[st@Cs悤dĂB US-CERTȂǂ̓[U[ɑ΂AuECX΍\tgŐV̏ԂɕۂvuXp[ɋLڂꂽN͕spӂɃNbNȂvȂǂ̑΍𑣂ĂB http://www.itmedia.co.jp/enterprise/articles/0806/20/news033.html 224 F F2008/06/20() 20:32:29 ID:??? 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http://www.webdice.jp/dice/detail/517/

227 F F2008/06/20() 20:35:25 ID:???
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http://jp.reuters.com/article/oddlyEnoughNews/idJPJAPAN-32358720080620

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http://www.technobahn.com/news/2008/200806201954.html

230 F F2008/06/21(y) 03:02:30 ID:???
New discovery proves 'selfish gene' exists

A new discovery by a scientist from The University of Western Ontario provides conclusive evidence which supports decades-old evolutionary doctrines long accepted as fact.

Since renowned British biologist Richard Dawkins ("The God Delusion") introduced the concept of the 'selfish gene' in 1976, scientists the world over have hailed the theory as a natural extension to the work of Charles Darwin.

In studying genomes, the word 'selfish' does not refer to the human-describing adjective of self-centered behavior but rather to the blind tendency of genes wanting to continue their existence into the next generation.
Ironically, this 'selfish' tendency can appear anything but selfish when the gene does move ahead for selfless and even self-sacrificing reasons.

For instance, in the honey bee colony, a complex social breeding system described as a 'super-organism,' the female worker bees are sterile.
The adult queen bee, selected and developed by the worker bees, is left to mate with the male drones.

Because the 'selfish' gene controlling worker sterility has never been isolated by scientists, the understanding of how reproductive altruism can evolve has been entirely theoretical ? until now.

Working with Peter Oxley of the University of Sydney in Australia, Western biology professor Graham Thompson has, for the first time-ever, isolated a region on the honey bee genome that houses this 'selfish' gene in female workers bees.

This means that the 'selfish' gene does exist, not just in theory but in reality.
"We don't know exactly which gene it is, but we're getting close."

"This basically provides a validation for a huge body of socio-biology," says Thompson, who adds the completion of Honey Bee Genome Project in 2006 was crucial to this discovery.

231 F F2008/06/21(y) 03:04:36 ID:???
Changing physical constant may be constant after all(1)

Concerns over variation in one of the fundamental constants of physics have been allayed.
A new analysis has found no significant variation in the electron-proton mass ratio, also known as mu, over the last 6 billion years.

This contrasts with a result published in 2006 that said the ratio may have decreased by 0.002% in the past 12 billion years.

A team led by Michael Murphy of Swinburne University in Australia examined radio waves coming from a quasar, a giant black hole that glows brightly as it devours its surroundings, some 7.5 billion light years away.

The radiation had passed through a galaxy containing clouds of ammonia gas.
This absorbs some parts of its spectrum, leaving a characteristic "fingerprint" that depends very sensitively on the ratio of the masses of the protons and electrons in the molecules.

When the radiation passed through the ammonia 6 billion years ago, the absorbed parts of the spectrum were the same as they would be today.
That means the constant hasn't changed in that time.

232 F F2008/06/21(y) 04:04:10 ID:???
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233 F F2008/06/21(y) 04:06:47 ID:???
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234 F F2008/06/21(y) 04:08:18 ID:???
Mental and physical exercise improves genetic mental impairment(1)

Australian scientists have shown that mental and physical exercise can improve coordination and movement problems in Rett syndrome, a devastating genetic brain development disorder that primarily affects females.

Using a mouse model of Rett syndrome developed by the Children's Medical Research Institute in Sydney, researchers from the Howard Florey Institute in Melbourne found these mice responded positively to the effects of environmental enrichment.

A/Prof Anthony Hannan from the Howard Florey Institute said the onset and severity of coordination and movement problems was reduced by giving the
Rett syndrome mice a range of mazes, toys and exercise equipment to stimulate them both mentally and physically.

"Mari Kondo in my laboratory discovered that environmental enrichment significantly improved the ability of the Rett syndrome mice to learn and maintain tasks that required coordinated movements," A/Prof Hannan said.

"We also found that a special brain chemical called BDNF, which plays a role in the birth and survival of new neurons as well as modifying connectio

235 F F2008/06/21(y) 04:11:24 ID:???
Mental and physical exercise improves genetic mental impairment(1)

Australian scientists have shown that mental and physical exercise can improve coordination and movement problems in Rett syndrome, a devastating genetic brain development disorder that primarily affects females.

Using a mouse model of Rett syndrome developed by the Children's Medical Research Institute in Sydney, researchers from the Howard Florey Institute in Melbourne found these mice responded positively to the effects of environmental enrichment.

A/Prof Anthony Hannan from the Howard Florey Institute said the onset and severity of coordination and movement problems was reduced by giving the
Rett syndrome mice a range of mazes, toys and exercise equipment to stimulate them both mentally and physically.

"Mari Kondo in my laboratory discovered that environmental enrichment significantly improved the ability of the Rett syndrome mice to learn and maintain tasks that required coordinated movements," A/Prof Hannan said.

"We also found that a special brain chemical called BDNF,
which plays a role in the birth and survival of new neurons as well as modifying connections in the brain, was at similar levels in both normal mice and the enriched Rett syndrome mice.

236 F F2008/06/21(y) 04:11:46 ID:???
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237 F F2008/06/21(y) 04:12:26 ID:???
Mental and physical exercise improves genetic mental impairment(2)

"The Rett syndrome mice that did not receive environmental enrichment had lower levels of BDNF and performed poorly on movement and coordination tasks.

"This discovery shows that gene-environment interactions may be important for all brain diseases, including those caused by an inherited gene mutation.

"The next step is for us to look at the effects of environmental enrichment on anxiety and cognition in the mice, as these are common problems in Rett syndrome," he said.

Developer of the Rett syndrome mouse model, Prof Patrick Tam of the Children's Medical Research Institute,
said for the past seven years his research team, and especially Dr Gregory Pelka, had been investigating Rett syndrome genetics.

"We have already found a number of genes that may be linked to the development of Rett syndrome," Prof Tam said.

"More research in this area is urgently needed as Rett syndrome is the second most common form of severe mental disability in girls after Down syndrome in Australia," Prof Tam added.

238 F F2008/06/21(y) 04:15:44 ID:???
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http://www.nature.com/nature/podcast/index.html
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239 F F2008/06/21(y) 04:16:06 ID:???
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240 F F2008/06/21(y) 21:52:48 ID:???
Mysterious Brain Cells Linked to Blood Flow(1)

Nearly a century after the discovery of strange star-shaped cells in the brain, scientists say they have finally begun to unravel their function.

Researchers from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology report in Science that it appears astrocytes?named for their stellar form?provide nerve cells
(neurons) with the energy they need to function and communicate with one another, by signaling blood to deliver the cell fuels glucose and oxygen to them.

When astrocytes were first discovered, it was believed that they were bit players in the brain.
But the new research indicates they may actually be major operators that, when out of whack, may help trigger mental disorders such as autism and schizophrenia.

Study coauthor Mriganka Sur, a neuroscientist and head of MIT's Department of Brain and Cognitive Science, says his team saw astrocytes in action while examining brain activity in ferrets.

Using technology called two-photon microscopy, Sur and his colleagues observed that astrocytes in the visual cortex
(part of the brain responsible for vision) activated and blood flow increased to nerve cells just seconds after the neurons had fired or sent out signals.

Sur believes the astrocytes?which are as plentiful in the brain as neurons?may control the strength and length of nerve cell communications.
Consequently, he says, if astrocytes fail, so, too, may nerve cell connections, potentially leading to still largely unexplained neurological disorders.

241 F F2008/06/21(y) 21:53:09 ID:???
Mysterious Brain Cells Linked to Blood Flow(2)

"A great many genes that have been linked to autism and schizophrenia are likely to be active in astrocytes," Sur says.
"We believe astrocytes will have a huge role in understanding certain brain diseases."

He says astrocytes may also shed light on brain activity captured on scans such as fMRIs (functional magnetic resonance imaging),
which measure blood flow allowing scientists to diagnose strokes (areas that are deprived of blood or oxygen) and regions activated during tasks and activities from solving problems to daydreaming.

The reason, according to a Science editorial by neuroscientists Fred Wolf and Frank Kirchhoff of Germany's Max Planck Institute:
the findings indicate fMRI "reflects the responses of both cell populations [neurons and astrocytes] in the brain."

Sur says that when the team blocked astrocytes, blood flow did not increase to firing neurons.
That means, he says, that "[fMRI is] really measuring astrocyte activation.
Thus, anything that influences astrocytes is likely to influence fMRI readings."

http://www.sciam.com/article.cfm?id=mysterious-brain-cells-li&sc

242 F F2008/06/21(y) 21:54:47 ID:???
Earth Will Survive After All, Physicists Say(1)

That black hole that was going to eat the Earth?
Forget about it, and keep making the mortgage payments ? those of you who still have them.

A new particle accelerator, the Large Hadron Collider scheduled to go into operation this fall outside Geneva, is no threat to the Earth or the universe,
according to a new safety review approved Friday by the governing council of the European Organization for Nuclear Research, or Cern, which is building the collider.

gThere is no basis for any concerns about the consequences of new particles or forms of matter that could possibly be produced by the LHC,
h four physicists who comprised the safety assessment group wrote in their report. Whatever the collider will do, they said, Nature has already done many times over.

The report is available at http://lsag.web.cern.ch/lsag/LSAG-Report.pdf.

The physicists, who labored anonymously for the last year and a half, are John Ellis, Michelangelo Mangano and Urs Wiedemann, of Cern, and Igor Tkachev, of the Institute for Nuclear Research in Moscow.
In a press release, Cernfs director general Robert Aymar said,
gWith this report, the Laboratory has fulfilled every safety and environmental evaluation necessary to ensure safe operation of this exciting new research facility.h

It is full speed ahead, they say, on the new machine, which is designed to accelerate protons, the building blocks of ordinary matter,
to energies of 7 trillion electron volts and then bang them together to produce tiny primordial fireballs, miniature versions of the Big Bang.
Physicists will comb the detritus from those fireballs in search of forces and particles and even new laws of nature that might have prevailed during the first trillionth of a second of time.

243 F F2008/06/21(y) 21:55:08 ID:???
Earth Will Survive After All, Physicists Say(2)

Some critics have argued, however, that Cern has ignored or downplayed the risk that the collider could produce a black hole that would swallow the Earth, or that it could create some other dangerous particle.

The safety group, however, pointed out that cosmic rays have produced equivalently energetic collisions with the Earth and other objects in the cosmos over and over again.
gThis means that Nature has already completed about 1031 LHC experimental programs since the beginning of the Universe,h they write. But the stars and galaxies endure.

The new report, which is an update and expansion of a previous 2003 report, pays particular attention to the issue of black holes,
which could be produced according to some speculative variations of the already speculative string theory. Could one eat the Earth?
These same theories predict that the black holes would immediately disintegrate, the authors say.
But if stable black holes could somehow be produced, they would also have been produced by cosmic ray collisions.

The report draws heavily on a dense 96-page analysis by Steven B.
Giddings of the University of California, Santa Barbara, and Dr. Mangano, which will be available on the physics archive on Monday.
In that paper, Dr. Giddings and Dr. Mangano conclude, gIndeed, conservative arguments based on detailed observations and the best-available scientific knowledge,
including solid astronomical data, conclude, from multiple perspectives, that there is no risk of any significance whatsoever from such black holes.h

244 F F2008/06/21(y) 21:55:28 ID:???
Earth Will Survive After All, Physicists Say(3)

The difference between these two ways of making black holes is that the ones from cosmic rays would be going near the speed of light
and would shoot through the Earth with no effect, while collider black holes would be at rest relative to the Earth and could be captured.
But if such black holes from cosmic rays existed, the physicists concluded, dense cinders like neutron stars or white dwarfs would capture them and get eaten. But that doesnft happen; such objects continue to exist.

The safety report was itself reviewed and approved by another panel of scientists outside Cern.
And so, after 14 years and $8 billion, the future of physics is almost here. Cernfs engineers are in the process of cooling the superconducting magnets that power the protons around their 17-mile racetrack down to within 3 degrees Fahrenheit of absolute zero. They are on track, they say to begin circulating protons in the machine in August and to begin colliding them a couple of months later. Because the engineers have not yet finished gtrainingh the magnets to carry the currents necessary to propel the protons to full energy, the plan is for the colliding protons to have 5 trillion electron volts apiece initially, still five times more energetic than physicists have achieved before. In the winter, when Cern traditionally shuts down for a period, the magnets will be trained for the full energy. In the spring the collider will start up again with 14-trillion volt collisions. And physicists can finally stop holding their breaths. http://www.nytimes.com/2008/06/21/science/21cernw.html 245 F F2008/06/21(y) 21:59:07 ID:??? Study shows that chronic grief activates pleasure areas of the brain(1) Grief is universal, and most of us will probably experience the pain grief brings at some point in our lives, usually with the death of a loved one. In time, we move on, accepting the loss. But for a substantial minority, it's impossible to let go, and even years later, any reminder of their loss ? a picture, a memory ? brings on a fresh wave of grief and yearning. The question is, why? Why do some grieve and ultimately adapt, while others can't get over the loss of someone held dear? Reporting in the journal NeuroImage, scientists at UCLA suggest that such long-term or "complicated" grief activates neurons in the reward centers of the brain, possibly giving these memories addiction-like properties. Their research is currently available in the journal's online edition. This study is the first to compare those with complicated and noncomplicated grief, and future research in this area may help psychologists do a better job of treating those with complicated grief, according to Mary-Frances O'Connor, UCLA assistant professor of psychiatry and lead author of the study. "The idea is that when our loved ones are alive, we get a rewarding cue from seeing them or things that remind us of them," O'Connor said. "After the loved one dies, those who adapt to the loss stop getting this neural reward. But those who don't adapt continue to crave it, because each time they do see a cue, they still get that neural reward. "Of course, all of this is outside of conscious thought, so there isn't an intention about it," she said. The study analyzed whether those with complicated grief had greater activity occurring in either the brain's reward network or pain network than those with noncomplicated grief. 246 F F2008/06/21(y) 21:59:27 ID:??? Study shows that chronic grief activates pleasure areas of the brain(2) The researchers looked at 23 women who had lost a mother or a sister to breast cancer. They found that, of that number, 11 had complicated grief, and 12 had the more normal, noncomplicated grief. Each of the study participants brought a photograph of their deceased loved one and were shown this picture while undergoing brain scanning by fMRI. Next, they were scanned while looking at a photograph of a female stranger. The authors looked for activity in the nucleus accumbens, a region of the brain most commonly associated with reward and one that has also been shown to play a role in social attachment, such as sibling and maternal affiliation. They also examined activity in the pain network of the brain, including the dorsal anterior cingulate cortex and the insula, which has been implicated in both physical and social pain. They found that while both groups had activation in the pain network of the brain after viewing a picture of their loved one, only individuals with complicated grief showed significant nucleus accumbens activations. Complicated grief can be debilitating, involving recurrent pangs of painful emotions, including intense yearning, longing and searching for the deceased, and a preoccupation with thoughts of the loved one. This syndrome has now been defined by an empirically derived set of criteria and is being considered for inclusion in the DSM-V, the psychiatric manual for diagnosing mental disorders. O'Connor, who is a member of UCLA's Cousins Center for Psychoneuroimmunology, cautions that she is not suggesting that such reveries about the deceased are emotionally satisfying but rather that they may serve in some people as a type of craving for the reward response that may make adapting to the reality of the loss more difficult. http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2008-06/uoc--sst062008.php 247 F F2008/06/21(y) 22:00:37 ID:??? Internet addiction is a 'clinical disorder'(1) Obsessive internet use is a public health problem which is so serious it should be officially recognised as a clinical disorder, according to a leading psychiatrist. Sufferers spend unhealthy amounts of time playing online games, viewing pornography or emailing. They suffer four symptoms: They forget to eat and sleep; they need more advanced technology or more hours online as they develop 'resistance' to the pleasure given by their current system; if they are deprived of their computer, they experience genuine withdrawal symptoms; And in common with other addictions, the victims also begin to have more arguments, to suffer fatigue, to get lower marks in tests and to feel isolated from society. Early research into the subject found highly educated, socially awkward men were the most likely sufferers but more recent work suggests it is now more of a problem for middle-aged women who are spending hours at home on their computers. 248 F F2008/06/21(y) 22:00:58 ID:??? Internet addiction is a 'clinical disorder'(2) Psychiatrist Dr Jerald Block said some sufferers were so addicted to the internet that they required medication or even hospital treatment to curb the time they spent on the web. He said: "The relationship is with the computer. It becomes a significant other to them. They exhaust emotions that they could experience in the real world on the computer through any number of mechanisms: emailing, gaming, porn." He added: "It's much more acceptable for kids to talk about game use, whereas adults keep it a@secret. Rather than having sex, or arguing with their wife or husband, or feeding their children, these adults are playing games." Dr Block, of the Oregon Health and Science University in Portland, in the USA, first made the claims in an editorial for the American Journal of Psychiatry. British psychiatrists have previously reported that between five and 10 per cent of online users are internet addicts. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/uknews/2152972/Internet-addiction-is-a-%27clinical-disorder%27.html 249 F F2008/06/21(y) 22:01:18 ID:??? jŋ̃[YuJ[XE}cDv̂Hf [YC^ATf[jɓÂ[YuJ[XE}cDiCasu marzujv ijオẲfłB [YoG̗c̊Ȃ^ɂAx̔yƎbɂA[Y͔ɏ_炩ȂA኱̉t̂ݏô|CgłB 8~قǂ̔̔EWǂ́AGƍō15Zقǔђ˂̂ŁAڂ@̌ɓĂ܂Ȃ悤A[YHׂƂ͊ʂی삷邱ƐłB ܂AHׂOɃ[Y̗c菜l邪cƐHׂl邻ŁA͂ƂƁAuオЂЂ肳Aǂ̂Ɉُ̂ł͂ȂƐSzႤ炢̂۔ȁASŎh̃lglǵvłB {ł̂́u₵v̎c炢ƁB http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4CGseBM85gc v[YuCasu Marzuv̍ http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wyL9Pn8kMZc 250 F F2008/06/21(y) 22:05:50 ID:??? >>249 LURL http://www.zaeega.com/archives/50618566.html 251 F F2008/06/21(y) 22:10:53 ID:??? IPgtBbN2012N܂2Nɂقڔ{ 2007N2012N̊ԁAIPgtBbN͔N46%őƂ̌ʂCisco\B }CR~W[iL(http://journal.mycom.co.jp/news/2008/06/18/034/index.html) ITmedia NewsL(http://www.itmedia.co.jp/news/articles/0806/18/news019.html) 2Nɂقڔ{ƂvZłB IPgtBbN̑̂͏҂̃IC̎vłA2012Nɂ͏҃gtBbN̂9߂IC您IPTVEP2PŐ߂Ɨ\ĂB rWlXgtBbNrfIc̑Ȃǂɂ葝ArWlXgtBbNɍiĂN35%̑ƂȂB IPgtBbNɂāA2012N̔NԃO[oIPgtBbN 500EB(GNToCg)𒴂A2002N100{Ƃ̂ƂłB http://slashdot.jp/it/article.pl?sid=08/06/21/125223 252 F F2008/06/21(y) 23:49:27 ID:??? ĎĂgit̃[gV[g ͕֗BĎ茳ɒuĂłˁB R}h͂ƗăXgXȂg悤ɂȂ肽̂łB SVGo[W͌TCgւǂB http://zrusin.blogspot.com/2007/09/git-cheat-sheet.html gitɂĂ͂킹ĂǂB http://www.ideaxidea.com/archives/2008/04/git.html http://www.ideaxidea.com/archives/2008/06/git_1.html 253 F F2008/06/21(y) 23:50:44 ID:??? IRs[^̎ncgBabyha60N {2008N621́ASmall Scale Experimental Machine(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Manchester_Small-Scale_Experimental_Machine)Aʏ́gBabyhaĂ炿傤60Nڂɂ܂B ENIACÃvOn[hEFAIɔz邱ƂŊi[Ă̂ɑ΂āABaby͓dqIɃvOi[ł߁ÃRs[^Ăvfŏ̃Rs[^ƂĂ΂邱Ƃ܂B ̂͐ԂVRs[^ł͌ЉxĂ邩ƎvƁAȂȂ[łˁB http://slashdot.jp/hardware/article.pl?sid=08/06/21/1256221 254 F F2008/06/21(y) 23:56:52 ID:??? Planet Pluto fans rebel against 'plutoid' designation Defenders of "planet Pluto" have not been appeased by its latest name-change, and are marshalling support for a major scientific meeting devoted to debating its place in the solar system. Last week, the International Astronomical Union (IAU) designated Pluto and its cousin Eris as "plutoids". "It sounds like 'haemorrhoids'," says Alan Stern, who is chief scientist for NASA's New Horizons mission to Pluto. He says that planetary scientists have been left out of the IAU's decision-making. Now these scientists will get the chance to present arguments for and against at "The Great Planet Debate" in August at Laurel, Maryland. The IAU won't be obliged to accept their conclusions. "The IAU has done what it could to come forward with a working definition," says IAU general secretary Karel van der Hucht. "In the meantime, it's a free world, anybody may organise meetings on the subject." ֘AL >>98 http://tmp7.2ch.net/test/read.cgi/kitchen/1212478591/98 http://space.newscientist.com/article/mg19826613.300-planet-pluto-fans-rebel-against-plutoid-designation.html 255 F F2008/06/21(y) 23:57:37 ID:??? loloopop an audio/visual installation http://www.carlkrull.dk/loloopop.html 256 F F2008/06/22() 04:45:39 ID:??? \QqYɁuIgLmRvԌX|100ނ́uv̔ ̖╗̉AEen̊X̉ȂǁA܂܂ȁuv̔uIgLmRviڍj̊ԌVbv620A\QqY{ْn3KuXy[X I[vɃI[vB IgLmŔAlCԑguESES[Kv́uƂ̂͂ԂvR[i[SĂƂłmTEhvf[T[aʂ񂪗グu̐XvB 2003Nɂ͋sɒcXoXA݂̓EFuVbv𒆐Sɂ܂܂ȁuv̔ĂB ԌXł́A񂪃vf[XLmR^̌[uPTNvݒuۂɉ̔قASg̉UŊy߂|[^uEnhtHEv[[u_vi39,900~j̔B q̓PTNgA100ނ̉fƂƂɖő̌ACɓ̏ōwAgѓdbɃ_E[hłB IgLmR http://www.otokinoko.com/ cƎԂ1121ij20܂ŁjB731܂ŁB http://www.shibukei.com/headline/5343/ 257 F F2008/06/22() 04:52:48 ID:??? @\ȁgƂœǂށhFirefoxAhIuRead It Laterv Ƃœǂ݂y[WubN}[NARSStB[hzMAقȂPCœƂ@\ԂgƂœǂށhFirefoxAhIuRead It LatervłB Read It Later Adds Firefox 3 Integration, Offline ReadingƂGg[ihttp://lifehacker.com/396448/read-it-later-adds-firefox-3-integration-offline-readingjǂŎĂ݂̂łA͂łˁB 낢ȏW߂dĂĺAꂪ邩uFirefox 3vgĂddȂĂP[XoĂ肵āB http://netafull.net/firefox-addon/026330.html uƂœǂށvAhI|󂵂Ă݂ http://note.openvista.jp/2008/read-it-later-localized/ 258 F.F2008/06/22() 07:58:55 ID:??? @ C|net Video: Luxim's tiny but powerful plasma lightbulb http://news.cnet.com/1606-2_3-6234653.html?tag=vid @ 259 F F2008/06/22() 15:13:25 ID:??? >>258 NłH 260 F F2008/06/22() 15:18:21 ID:??? hs̃vA3l1l@ɕsANZX hsiZpjÊRlɂPlAǗۗLĂpX[hsɎgpA̋^l̓dq[A̋c^Ȃǂ̋@ɃANZXĂ邱ƂAPXɔ\ꂽʂŖ炩ɂȂB ďZLeB[ЃTCo[A[Nhs̏ʐEROOlΏۂɎ{B 񓚎҂̂悻R̂PƏ񂳂ƂASVƖɊ֌WȂɃANZXƂƓB ͂܂APOВVЂ@f[^̂ƂɎxňSł͂Ȃ@pĂƎwEB Ƃɂ͂RTdq[Aʂ̂RT͑zւATXփT[rXgĂƓB http://jp.reuters.com/article/oddlyEnoughNews/idJPJAPAN-32375420080622 KNցF>>258͎ł͂ȂB 261 F F2008/06/22() 15:57:28 ID:??? Hefs Pregnant. Youfre Speechless. (1) WHEN Thomas Beatie gives birth in the next few weeks to a baby girl, the blessed event will mark both a personal milestone and a strange and wondrous crossroads in the evolution of American pop culture. Mr. Beatie ? as anyone who has turned on a television, linked to a blog or picked up a tabloid in the last few months is aware ? is a married 34-year-old man, born a woman, who managed to impregnate himself last year using frozen sperm and who went public this spring as the nationfs first gpregnant father.h That this story attracted attention around the world was hardly surprising. Who, after all, could resist the image of a shirtless Madonna, with a ripe belly on a body lacking breasts and with a square jaw unmistakably fringed by a beard? For a time, clips of Mr. Beatiefs appearance on gOprah,h where he was filmed undergoing ultrasound, as well as shirtless images of him from an autobiographical feature in the Advocate magazine, were everywhere, and they were impossible to look away from. Partly a carnival sideshow and partly a glimpse at shifting sexual tectonics, his image and story powered past traditional definitions of gender and exposed a realm that seemed more than passing strange to some observers ? and altogether natural to those who inhabit it. gThis is just a neat human-interest story about a particular couple using the reproductive capabilities they have,h said Mara Kiesling, director of the National Center for Transgender Equality in Washington. gTherefs really nothing remarkableh about the Beatie pregnancy, she said. 262 F F2008/06/22() 16:02:03 ID:??? XXgH\ȂB >>233Ɠ͒ڃN恫 http://www.nytimes.com/2008/06/22/fashion/22pregnant.html ̏ꏊɂ\ĂŁAłB 263 F F2008/06/22() 16:11:36 ID:??? t 264 F F2008/06/22() 16:13:40 ID:??? >>262-263͏߂Ă̂ŁA͂XXgł͂Ȃ>>261̑NG炵B ǂ_Ȃ͕̂sB 265 F F2008/06/23() 16:53:25 ID:??? New paradigm for cell-specific gene delivery(1) Researchers from Northwestern University and Texas A & M University have discovered a new way to limit gene transfer and expression to specific tissues in animals. In studies to determine how plasmids enter the nuclei of non-dividing cells, the group previously identified a region of a smooth muscle cell-specific promoter that was able to mediate nuclear targeting of any plasmid carrying this sequence uniquely in cultured smooth muscle cells but in no other cell type. In their current study to appear in the July 08 issue of Experimental Biology and Medicine, the team, led by Drs. David Dean and Jennifer Young from the Department of Medicine at Northwestern University, in collaboration with Warren Zimmer from Texas A & M University, now demonstrate that such restriction of nuclear entry using this specific DNA sequence can be used in blood vessels of living animals to direct gene transfer and expression specifically to smooth muscle cells. They have also developed a novel gene delivery approach for the vasculature that uses an electric field to transiently permeabilize the plasma membrane of cells to allow entry of DNA. Thus, this work establishes the control of nuclear entry of gene therapy vectors as a novel approach to target genes and gene expression to desired cell types in the body. Vascular smooth muscle proliferative diseases, including atherosclerosis and restenosis, are among the leading causes of morbidity and mortality in the US. Gene therapy may represent an important alternative for the treatment and prevention of these proliferative diseases of the vasculature. It can be highly cell-specific, mimic or restore normal in vivo function, and can be permanent or transient depending on vector design. 266 F F2008/06/23() 16:53:46 ID:??? New paradigm for cell-specific gene delivery(2) Currently, a number of gene delivery systems for use on the arterial wall are being studied, but as yet their low efficiency in gene transfer and lack of cell-specific targeting and expression are major limitations. According to Dr. David Dean, "The benefit of our newly described approach is that it can target specific cell types. One of the most commonly envisioned treatments for these proliferative disorders is to deliver genes that kill or inhibit the dividing smooth muscle cells, but we need to target only these muscle cells and not any other cell in the vessel wall and this approach will enable us to do just that". The goal of the team is to design more effective gene therapy vectors for use in the vasculature by understanding the molecular mechanisms by which DNA and DNA-protein complexes are actively transported into the nucleus. Dr. Warren Zimmer states "these results set the stage for our future use of this technology to deliver therapeutic genes to lessen the severity of restenosis which is the most common issue following angioplasty and placement of stents". Dr. Dean continues, "Now that we have demonstrated proof of principle for this approach we can look for DNA sequences that act in other tissues and develop cell-specific treatments for any number of organs". Dr. Steven R. Goodman, Editor-in-Chief of Experimental Biology and Medicine, stated "The exciting studies reported here are the first to demonstrate that non-viral gene delivery can be made cell-specific by controlling the nuclear entry of plasmid DNA, and as such, establishes a new paradigm for cell-selective gene delivery. Drs. Dean, Young, and Zimmer are to be congratulated on this ground-breaking study". http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2008-06/sfeb-npf062008.php 267 F F2008/06/23() 16:56:02 ID:??? Drug reverses mental retardation caused by genetic disorder(1) UCLA researchers discovered that an FDA-approved drug reverses the brain dysfunction inflicted by a genetic disease called TSC. Because half of TSC patients also suffer from autism, the findings offer new hope for addressing learning disorders due to autism. Nature Medicine publishes the findings in its online June 22 edition. Using a mouse model for TSC, the scientists tested rapamycin, a drug approved by the FDA to fight tissue rejection following organ transplants. Rapamycin is well-known for targeting an enzyme involved in making proteins needed for memory. The UCLA team chose it because the same enzyme is also regulated by TSC proteins. "This is the first study to demonstrate that the drug rapamycin can repair learning deficits related to a genetic mutation that causes autism in humans. The same mutation in animals produces learning disorders, which we were able to eliminate in adult mice," explained principal investigator Dr. Alcino Silva, professor of neurobiology and psychiatry at the David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA. "Our work and other recent studies suggest that some forms of mental retardation can be reversed, even in the adult brain." 268 F F2008/06/23() 16:56:23 ID:??? Drug reverses mental retardation caused by genetic disorder(2) "These findings challenge the theory that abnormal brain development is to blame for mental impairment in tuberous sclerosis," added first author Dan Ehninger, postgraduate researcher in neurobiology. "Our research shows that the disease's learning problems are caused by reversible changes in brain function -- not by permanent damage to the developing brain." TSC is a devastating genetic disorder that disrupts how the brain works, often causing severe mental retardation. Even in mild cases, learning disabilities and short-term memory problems are common. Half of all TSC patients also suffer from autism and epilepsy. The disorder strikes one in 6,000 people, making it twice as common as Huntington's or Lou Gehrig's disease. Silva and Ehninger studied mice bred with TSC and verified that the animals suffered from the same severe learning difficulties as human patients. Next, the UCLA team traced the source of the learning problems to biochemical changes sparking abnormal function of the hippocampus, a brain structure that plays a key role in memory. "Memory is as much about discarding trivial details as it is about storing useful information," said Silva, a member of the UCLA Department of Psychology and UCLA Brain Research Institute. "Our findings suggest that mice with the mutation cannot distinguish between important and unimportant data. We suspect that their brains are filled with meaningless noise that interferes with learning." 269 F F2008/06/23() 16:56:44 ID:??? Drug reverses mental retardation caused by genetic disorder(3) "After only three days of treatment, the TSC mice learned as quickly as the healthy mice," said Ehninger. "The rapamycin corrected the biochemistry, reversed the learning deficits and restored normal hippocampal function, allowing the mice's brains to store memories properly." In January, Silva presented his study at the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke meeting, where he was approached by Dr. Petrus de Vries, who studies TSC patients and leads rapamycin clinical trials at the University of Cambridge. After discussing their respective findings, the two researchers began collaborating on a clinical trial currently taking place at Cambridge to examine whether rapamycin can restore short-term memory in TSC patients. "The United States spends roughly$90 billion a year on remedial programs to address learning disorders," noted Silva.
"Our research offers hope to patients affected by tuberous sclerosis and to their families.
The new findings suggest that rapamycin could provide therapeutic value in treating similar symptoms in people affected by the disorder."'

270 F F2008/06/23() 16:57:36 ID:???
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Android Delays Annoy Google, Crush Sprint Silicon Alley http://www.alleyinsider.com/2008/6/android_delay Google's Mobile-Handset Plans Are Slowed The Wall Street Journal http://online.wsj.com/article/SB121418837707895947.html Paranoid Android Digital Daily http://digitaldaily.allthingsd.com/20080623/paranoid-android/ 279 F F2008/06/24() 01:38:59 ID:??? jb! 100̌T[rX 19(č)ACollege@Homeɂ100 Useful Niche Search Engines You've Never Heard Of̃^CĝƊwKҌɗLv100̌TCgЉꂽB TCgGoogleAYahoo!AMSNőv[AƃjbȌvꍇB hLgł͂ɏœ_킹đ푽lȌT[rXЉĂB () ЉĂ錟T[rX͂ǂppꌗ̒nɓĂ邽߁Â܂ܓ{łpł̂͏ȂB }Ȃǂ{ɑΉĂȂ߂̂܂܂ł͎gȂ̂B ͏ȂABloglinesAGoogle LocalAGoogle BooksȂǂ͓{{ł̂܂܊płT[rXB ȊOł͓摜͂܂茾ɉeȂ߂̂܂܊płB ЉĂȂŁAȊOŋ[T[rXKart00(http://www.kartoo.com/)similicio.us(http://www.similicio.us/j)ɂȂ邾낤B Kart00͌ʂ֌W̃C[W}ƂĐ̂ŁALTCg₻̊֌W킩悤ɂȂBsimilicio.us͗ގTCgT[rXB ~񂪂ꍇAގTCgTړIŊpłT[rXB {ł͂̂܂܎gȂT[rXAǂT[rX̂mł͋[hLgB http://journal.mycom.co.jp/news/2008/06/23/025/index.html 280 F F2008/06/24() 01:39:20 ID:??? ̍oiTEhC[WjAJԂčĐƁEEE otoxĐIxvCĐĒĂ݂ƁEEE炠svcAOɕオĕĂƂTEhC[WłB http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-RBOA1XszOA xĐƉxオĕĂB HxĕĂ邼͈ꍑ̃l^񂾂悻ȂƂ͂łłB http://www.zaeega.com/archives/50620563.html 281 F F2008/06/24() 16:49:12 ID:??? 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Can a Robot, an Insect or God Be Aware? (1) Can a lobster ever truly have any emotions? What about a beetle? Or a sophisticated computer? The only way to resolve these questions conclusively would be to engage in serious scientific inquiry?but even before studying the scientific literature, many people have pretty clear intuitions about what the answers are going to be. A person might just look at a computer and feel certain that it couldnft possibly be feeling pleasure, pain or anything at all. Thatfs why we donft mind throwing a broken computer in the trash. Likewise, most people donft worry too much about a lobster feeling angst about its impending doom when they put one into a pot of boiling water. In the jargon of philosophy, these intuitions we have about whether a creature or thing is capable of feelings or subjective experiences?such as the experience of seeing red or tasting a peach?are called gintuitions about phenomenal consciousness.h The study of consciousness (see here and here) has long played a crucial role in the discipline of philosophy, where facts about such intuitions form the basis for some complex and influential philosophical arguments. But, traditionally, the study of these intuitions has employed a somewhat peculiar method. Philosophers did not actually go ask people what intuitions they had. Instead, each philosopher would simply think the matter over for him- or herself and then write something like: gIn a case such as this, it would surely be intuitive to saych 286 F F2008/06/24() 22:53:04 ID:??? Can a Robot, an Insect or God Be Aware? (2) The new field of experimental philosophy introduces a novel twist on this traditional approach. Experimental philosophers continue the search to understand peoplefs ordinary intuitions, but they do so using the methods of contemporary cognitive science (see also here and here)?experimental studies, statistical analyses, cognitive models, and so forth. Just in the past year or so, a number of researchers have been applying this new approach to the study of intuitions about consciousness. By studying how people think about three different types of abstract entities?a corporation, a robot and a God?we can better understand how people think about the mind. In one recent study, experimental philosophers Jesse Prinz of the University of North Carolina-Chapel Hill and I looked at intuitions about the application of psychological concepts to organizations composed of whole groups of people. To take one example, consider Microsoft Corporation. One might say that Microsoft gintends to adopt a new sales strategyh or that it gbelieves Google is one of its main competitors.h In sentences such as these, people seem to be taking certain psychological concepts and applying them to a whole corporation. 287 F F2008/06/24() 22:53:25 ID:??? Can a Robot, an Insect or God Be Aware? (3) But which psychological concepts are people willing to use in this way? The study revealed an interesting asymmetry. Subjects were happy to apply concepts that did not attribute any feeling or experience. For example, they indicated that it would be acceptable to use sentences such as: ? Acme Corporation believes that its profit margin will soon increase. ? Acme Corporation intends to release a new product this January. ? Acme Corporation wants to change its corporate image. But they balked at all of the sentences that attributed feelings or subjective experiences to corporations: ? Acme Corporation is now experiencing great joy. ? Acme Corporation is getting depressed. ? Acme Corporation is experiencing a sudden urge to pursue Internet advertising. These results seem to indicate that people are willing to apply some psychological concepts to corporations but that they are not willing to suppose that corporations might be capable of phenomenal consciousness. Perhaps the issue here is that people only attribute phenomenal consciousness to creatures that have the right sort of bodies. To test this hypothesis, we can look to other kinds of entities that might have mental states but do not have bodies that look anything like the bodies that human beings have. 288 F F2008/06/24() 22:53:47 ID:??? Can a Robot, an Insect or God Be Aware? (4) One promising approach here would be to look at peoplefs intuitions about the mental states of robots. Robots look very different from human beings from a physical perspective, but we can easily imagine a robot that acts very much like a human being. Experimental studies could then determine what sorts of mental states people were willing to attribute to a robot under these conditions. This approach was taken up in experimental work by Justin Sytsma, a graduate student, and experimental philosopher Edouard Machery at the University of Pittsburgh and in work by Larry (Bryce) Huebner, a graduate student at UNC-Chapel Hill, and all of the experiments arrived at the same basic answer. In one of Huebnerfs studies, for example, subjects were told about a robot who acted exactly like a human being and asked what mental states that robot might be capable of having. Strikingly, the study revealed exactly the same asymmetry we saw above in the case of corporations. Subjects were willing to say: ? It believes that triangles have three sides. But they were not willing to say: ? It feels happy when it gets what it wants. Here again, we see a willingness to ascribe certain kinds of mental states, but not to ascribe states that require phenomenal consciousness. Interestingly enough, this tendency does not seem to be due entirely to the fact that a CPU, instead of an ordinary human brain, controls the robot. Even controlling in the experiment for whether the creature had a CPU or a brain, subjects were more likely to ascribe phenomenal consciousness when the creature had a body that made it look like a human being. 289 F F2008/06/24() 22:54:07 ID:??? Can a Robot, an Insect or God Be Aware? (5) What if something has no body? How does that change our conceptions of what conscious experience might be possible? We can turn to the ultimate disembodied creature: God. A recent study by Harvard University psychologists Heather Gray, Kurt Gray and Daniel Wegner looked at peoplefs intuitions about which kinds of mental states God could have. By now, you have probably guessed the result. People were content to say that God could have psychological properties such as: ? Thought ? Memory ? Planning But they did not think God could have states that involved feelings or experiences, such as: ? Pleasure ? Pain ? Fear In subsequent work, the researchers directly compared attributions of mental states to God with attributions of mental states to Google Corporation. These two entities?different though they are in so many respects?elicited exactly the same pattern of responses. Looking at the results from these various studies, it is hard to avoid having the sense that one should be able to construct a single unified theory that explains the whole pattern of peoplefs intuitions. Such a theory would describe the underlying cognitive processes that lead people to think that certain entities are capable of a wide range of psychological states but are not capable of truly feeling or experiencing anything. Unfortunately, no such theory has been proposed thus far. Further theoretical work here is badly needed. http://www.sciam.com/article.cfm?id=can-a-robot-an-insect-or&sc 290 F F2008/06/24() 22:55:07 ID:??? 20Ԃgĝă[AhXɍ쐬łuĝă[v ֘AL >>7 http://tmp7.2ch.net/test/read.cgi/kitchen/1212478591/7 http://gigazine.net/index.php?/news/comments/20080624_tsukaisute/ 291 F F2008/06/24() 22:57:17 ID:??? usǂ̓evt sǂuvAiVVXgŎȒSIȋCAʂ̂Ƃ͂قƂǍlȂՓIȋCAĉR葼lRg[悤ƂƓIĈR̓lقǐIp[gi̐ƂƂŖ炩ɂȂ܂B ܂Asǂ̓eƂʐŗÂꂽƂɂȂ܂B ̂R̓ĺA҂ꂽaOꂽ肷\AREłΌʂƂĐHוɂɓVGɑ_ꂽAz҂ꂸɎqcȂƁAłтĂƌ܂B uvȔނِ͈䂫A葽̏ƒZԂ̊֌WƂʓIAv[邱ƂŎqcƂɐĂ܂B ̐łтĂƂƂA̕@ĂƂ\ĂƂ̂ƂłB ܂A̖@͒ĵ݂ɌA╶𒴂ʂȂ̂łB ̐l̗Ƃ007̃WF[YE{hĂ̂łAWF[YE{h̏ꍇuCPvƂɋ͂ȃJ[hĂƎv܂B ֘AL >>179-180 http://tmp7.2ch.net/test/read.cgi/kitchen/1212478591/179-180 http://slashdot.jp/science/article.pl?sid=08/06/24/0752206 292 F F2008/06/24() 22:58:00 ID:??? 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UC San Diego computer scientist turns his face into a remote control(1) A computer science Ph.D. student can turn his face into a remote control that speeds and slows video playback. The proof-of-concept demonstration is part of a larger project to use automated facial expression recognition to make robots more effective teachers. Jacob Whitehill, a computer science Ph.D. student from UC San Diego's Jacobs School of Engineering, is leading this project. It builds on technology for detecting facial expressions being developed at UC San Diego's Machine Perception Laboratory (MPLab), part of the Institute for Neural Computation, and housed in the UCSD Division of Calit2. In a recent pilot study, Whitehill and colleagues demonstrated that information within the facial expressions people make while watching recorded video lectures can be used to predict a person's preferred viewing speed of the video and how difficult a person perceives the lecture at each moment in time. This new work is at the intersection of facial expression recognition research and automated tutoring systems. "If I am a student dealing with a robot teacher and I am completely puzzled and yet the robot keeps presenting new material, that's not going to be very useful to me. If, instead, the robot stops and says, 'Oh, maybe you're confused,' and I say, 'Yes, thank you for stopping,' that's really good," said Whitehill, the computer science Ph.D. student leading the project. The work is being presented in June 2008 at two peer-reviewed academic conferences. On June 25, Whitehill presents his findings at the Intelligent Tutoring Systems conference. On Saturday, June 28, Marian Stewart Bartlett, a co-director of the Machine Perception Laboratory, will present this work at the 2008 IEEE International Workshop on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition for Human Communicative Behavior Analysis. 306 F F2008/06/25() 19:42:43 ID:??? UC San Diego computer scientist turns his face into a remote control(2) In the pilot study, the facial movements people made when they perceived the lecture to be difficult varied widely from person to person. Most of the 8 test subjects, however, blinked less frequently during difficult parts of the lecture than during easier portions of the lecture, which is supported by findings in psychology. One of the next steps for this project is to determine what facial movements one person naturally makes when they are exposed to difficult or easy lecture material. From here, Whitehill could then train a user specific model that predicts when a lecture should be sped up or slowed down based on the spontaneous facial expressions a person makes, explained Whitehill. To collect examples of the kinds of facial expressions involved in teaching and learning, Whitehill taught a group of people in his lab about German grammar and recorded the sessions using video conferencing software. "I wanted to see the kinds of cues that students and teachers use to try to modulate or enrich the instruction. To me, it's about understanding and optimizing interactions between students and teachers," said Whitehill. "I can see you nodding right now, for instance," said Whitehill during the interview. "That suggests to me that you're understanding, that I can keep going with what I am saying. If you give me a puzzled look, I might back up for a second." http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2008-06/uoc--usd062408.php 307 F F2008/06/25() 19:43:55 ID:??? Ǘsṽ[ÍT[rX u[̓QɑC̎΍􂪔ɕǦT[rXJ̌͂ɂȂvBA~[EAВCEO ́CZenlok E[ÍT[rX񋟂铮@B T[rX́C[Í̕WKłS/MIMEx[XɁCƎ̌ǗvgRgݍ킹́B͒NgVvɂB S/MIMÊ͑̃[[ΉĂ̂́CufW^ؖ̓⌮̊ǗɎԂ邽ߕyĂȂviAВjB Zenlokł́CS/MIMẼfW^ؖPGPipretty good privacyjɂÍ̃[U[ԔF؂̂悤ȁCԂ̂lF؂̗vfȂĈÍɓB WebTCgvOCE\tg_E[hăCXg[邾Ŏg悤ɂB [U[Zenlok̃vOCɃ[EAhXƃpX[ho^ƁC̃AhXɂЂtÍiJƔ閧̃yAjZenlok̃T[o[ɐB ̌[M/{Ƀ_E[hĈÍѕɎgB M肪Zenlok[U[ȊȌꍇ́C܂Mpɉ̌J/閧𐶐B ̌vOC̃_E[h𑣂{ƈÍ[Yt[𑗂B ̓vOCCXg[C̔閧Z^[_E[hāCÍ[𕜍E{B ɓ̗LT[rX邪CZenlok͖ƎтI[v\[ẌÍc[ELbguOpenSSLv̗̍pȂǂōى}B ͌l̖T[rXƂēWJ邪C2008N㔼ɂ͊ƌɊǗp}X^[EL[ȂǂL񋟂\Bƌ\[V[vłB yd߂ɎȂlF؂̋@\́Cu@≿i͖肾CIɗLŒ񋟂\viAВjłB ̍ۂ͖{lmFofW^ؖ̔sKvɂȂ邽߁CuƎɉ^ĉł͂ȂF؋ǂƒg邱ƂɂȂvijƂB http://itpro.nikkeibp.co.jp/article/COLUMN/20080612/307869/ 308 F F2008/06/25() 19:44:23 ID:??? EvernoteCgL̋L^hxT[rX̌Jx[^ł[X Evernote͕č2008N624CXibvVbgggL̋L^hxT[rXuEvernoteihttp://evernote.com/jv̌Jx[^ł[XB ҃[U[ΏۂɂvCx[gEx[^ł̃eXgɂ́Cߋ4J125000l𒴂郆[U[QƂB T[rX̔FѓZpɂC[U[̓eLXgCXibvVbgCfW^ECNCƂċLL^āCeՂɌ/Lł悤ɂȂƂB EvernotéCWebT[rXCfXNgbvŁCoCł񋟂CׂẴ̓lbg[Nƒ[ԂŎIɓB 摜̈菑ɂĂFZpɂ茟\ƂȂB ̃T[rX́CEvernoteWebTCgŃ[U[o^ΗpłBƗL2ނ̃AJEgpӂB AJEgł́CWindowsCMac OSCWebuEUCgѓdb[̎@\摜@\ȂǁCvCx[gEx[^łŒ񋟂Ă@\𗘗płB ۑł郁̐ɐ͂ȂB1Jő40MoCg̐VKAbv[hłB CLAJEgiz5h܂͔N45hjł́C1JɃAbv[hłVK̗ʂő500MoCgɑB 摜FxサCׂĂ̒ʐMf[^SSLňÍقC[U[ET|[g󂯂B EvernotẽfXNgbvłƃoCł́C Evernotẽ_E[hETCgihttp://www.evernote.com/about/download/#a-macwinjłB http://itpro.nikkeibp.co.jp/article/NEWS/20080625/309443/ 309 F F2008/06/25() 20:54:47 ID:??? Galaxy map hints at fractal universe(1) Is the matter in the universe arranged in a fractal pattern? A new study of nearly a million galaxies suggests it is ? though there are no well-accepted theories to explain why that would be so. Cosmologists trying to reconstruct the entire history of the universe have precious few clues from which to work. One key clue is the distribution of matter throughout space, which has been sculpted for nearly 14 billion years by the competing forces of gravity and cosmic expansion. If there is a pattern in the sky, it encodes the secrets of the universe. A lot is at stake, and the matter distribution has become a source of impassioned debate between those who say the distribution is smooth and homogeneous and those who say it is hierarchically structured and clumpy, like a fractal. Nearly all physicists agree that on relatively small scales the distribution is fractal-like: hundreds of billions of stars group together to form galaxies, galaxies clump together to form clusters, and clusters amass into superclusters. The point of contention, however, is what happens at even larger scales. According to most physicists, this Russian doll-style clustering comes to an end and the universe, on large scales, becomes homogeneous. But a small team of physicists, including Francesco Sylos Labini of the Enrico Fermi Centre in Rome and Luciano Pietronero of the University of Rome argue that the data shows the opposite: the universe continues to look fractal as far out as our telescopes can see. The best data for looking at the galaxy distribution comes from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS), which is constructing the largest 3D map of the universe. When completed, it will map the positions of about a million galaxies and quasars. 310 F F2008/06/25() 20:56:20 ID:??? Galaxy map hints at fractal universe(2) When SDSS data was released in 2004, physicists David Hogg of New York University and Daniel Eisenstein of the University of Arizona, both in the US, published an analysis of 55,000 luminous red galaxies suggesting that the fractal pattern smoothed out at scales over 200 million light years. But Sylos Labini and Pietronero were not convinced. They believed that the apparent smoothing was an illusion caused by weak statistics ? the smoothing seemed to occur at the largest scales the survey was capable of studying, where there were too few large regions to be able to reliably compare their densities, they said. Only a bigger map could resolve the debate. Now, SDSS has released its sixth round of data, which plots the locations of roughly 800,000 galaxies and 100,000 quasars, bright objects powered by violent supermassive black holes. According to their latest paper, which has been submitted to Nature Physics, Sylos Labini and Pietronero, along with physicists Nikolay Vasilyev and Yurij Baryshev of St Petersburg State University in Russia, argue that the new data shows that the galaxies exhibit an explicitly fractal pattern up to a scale of about 100 million light years. And they say if the universe does become homogeneous at some point, it has to be on a scale larger than a staggering 300 million light years across. That's because even at that scale, they still observe arge fluctuations ? a cluster here, a void there ? in the matter distribution. Most cosmologists interpret such fluctuations as being no more significant than small waves on the surface of the sea, but Sylos Labini and colleagues say that these are more like tsunamis. 311 F F2008/06/25() 20:58:01 ID:??? Galaxy map hints at fractal universe(3) Many cosmologists find fault with their analysis, largely because a fractal matter distribution out to such huge scales undermines the standard model of cosmology. According to the accepted story of cosmic evolution, there simply hasn't been enough time since the big bang nearly 14 billion years ago for gravity to build up such large structures. What's more, the assumption that the distribution is homogeneous has allowed cosmologists to model the universe fairly simply using Einstein's theory of general relativity ? which relates the shape of space to the distribution of matter. Modelling a fractal universe with general relativity is possible in theory, but in reality it would be devilishly complicated. That would leave cosmologists without a working model, like acrobats without a net. To support the homogeneity assumption, cosmologists point to the smoothness of the cosmic microwave background (CMB), relic radiation from the nascent universe. The CMB is perfectly uniform up to one part in 100,000, suggesting the early universe was nearly homogeneous. "The standard picture of a homogeneous universe on large scales is holding up very well when tested with very large-scale observations l ike those mapping the cosmic background radiation, X-rays and radio galaxies," says physicist Neil Turok of Cambridge University in the UK. 312 F F2008/06/25() 20:59:10 ID:??? Galaxy map hints at fractal universe(4) "If the observations of galaxies in optical surveys don't agree, there may be a number of possible explanations, without resorting to an extremely inhomogeneous, fractal universe," he told New Scientist. But inferring the matter distribution from the CMB is not always simple. CMB maps show a 3D distribution projected onto a 2D surface, and it is possible for a clumpy 3D distribution to appear smooth when projected in 2D. The same is true of the X-ray background, which appears homogeneous in two dimensions. Finally, using galaxies that are bright at radio wavelengths is also problematic, as it is difficult to measure their distances accurately enough to pinpoint their positions in 3D. So what could produce such a fractal pattern in galaxy surveys like Sloan? Some of the clumpiness may be a sort of optical illusion known as the Bull's-eye effect, says Adrian Melott of the University of Kansas in the US. That's because nearby galaxies fall towards each other due to their mutual gravitational attraction ? even as space itself expands. That movement can enhance the apparent clumpiness of matter in surveys like Sloan, since those surveys rely on measurements of the galaxies' velocities to determine their distance from Earth. 313 F F2008/06/25() 20:59:35 ID:??? Galaxy map hints at fractal universe(5) But according to their paper, Sylos Labini's team says the Bull's-eye effect is only relevant on very small scales, about 16 million light years and below, and has no influence on the clumpiness at the large scales in question. Melott disagrees, saying it should magnify clumpiness at any scale. But he adds that the effect only "enhances structures that [already] exist". What's at stake if the universe is indeed a fractal on the largest scales? Besides a radical rethink of the laws and history of the cosmos, researchers have placed something more down-to-Earth on the line. More than a decade ago, Sylos Labini and Pietronero wagered a bet with physicist Marc Davis of the University of California, Berkeley, US. The bet, refereed by Turok, held that if the galaxy distribution turned out to be fractal beyond scales of approximately 50 million light years, Davis would owe Sylos Labini and Pietronero a case of California wine. Should the fractal pattern begin to disintegrate at scales less than 50 million light years, Davis would receive a case of Italian wine ? which some would say is a better deal. Turok has yet to declare a winner. http://space.newscientist.com/article/dn14200-galaxy-map-hints-at-fractal-universe.html 314 F F2008/06/25() 21:00:13 ID:??? oɂAXgTCg̔т̔sԃVOiɂڂe AXgTCǵAj[̋@\xlbg[NƂčpA̕\⏈ɂ͂قƂǊ֗^ȂƒԍlĂB ͍AtFbg̎oɂJVEVOi̋ɂāAq@ɂ摜sB ̌ʁAAXgTCgj[̂悤ɎohɔA̔́AԎeɂČ݂ɈقȂAoh̕ʂԎgȂǂ̓ɑ΂ĉsqȒsĂ邱ƂoB ɁAAXgTCǵAh̕ʂɏ]玿̕\ʏɐɔzuĂAl̃j[̔zuƋߐڂĂB ܂AsԂ猩VOïʒúA̋ԌIȎhٓIAAXgTCg̊ɔɕqɔĂ邱ƂB ̂Ƃ́ANPIȔ]摜ɂĔɏdvȈʒuVOiƃj[̑gDт邽߂ɁAAXgTCgdvȖʂĂ邱ƂĂB ɁAAXgTCg̃O^~_gX|[^[jQƁAohɂĐߕӂ̃j[̔̋ƎԂe󂯂B http://www.mt-pharma.co.jp/general/science/08/2008_6_20/sci_jsumm.htm#1 315 F F2008/06/25() 21:02:28 ID:??? Researchers develop neural implant that learns with the brain(1) Devices known as brain-machine interfaces could someday be used routinely to help paralyzed patients and amputees control prosthetic limbs with just their thoughts. Now, University of Florida researchers have taken the concept a step further, devising a way for computerized devices not only to translate brain signals into movement but also to evolve with the brain as it learns. Instead of simply interpreting brain signals and routing them to a robotic hand or leg, this type of brain-machine interface would adapt to a person's behavior over time and use the knowledge to help complete a task more efficiently, sort of like an assistant, say UF College of Medicine and College of Engineering researchers who developed a model system and tested it in rats. Until now, brain-machine interfaces have been designed as one-way conversations between the brain and a computer, with the brain doing all the talking and the computer following commands. The system UF engineers created actually allows the computer to have a say in that conversation, too, according to findings published this month online in the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers journal IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering. "In the grand scheme of brain-machine interfaces, this is a complete paradigm change," said Justin C. Sanchez, Ph.D., a UF assistant professor of pediatric neurology and the study's lead author. "This idea opens up all kinds of possibilities for how we interact with devices. It's not just about giving instructions but about those devices assisting us in a common goal. You know the goal, the computer knows the goal and you work together to solve the task." 316 F F2008/06/25() 21:04:41 ID:??? Researchers develop neural implant that learns with the brain(2) Scientists at UF and other institutions have been studying and refining brain-machine interfaces for years, developing and testing numerous variations of the technology with the goal of creating implantable, computer-chip-sized devices capable of controlling limbs or treating diseases. The devices are programmed with complex algorithms that interpret thoughts. But the algorithms, or code, used in current brain-machine interfaces don't adapt to change, Sanchez said. "The status quo of brain-machine interfaces that are out there have static and fixed decoding algorithms, which assume a person thinks one way for all time," he said. "We learn throughout our lives and come into different scenarios, so you need to develop a paradigm that allows interaction and growth." To create this type of brain-machine interface, Sanchez and his colleagues developed a system based on setting goals and giving rewards. Fitted with tiny electrodes in their brains to capture signals for the computer to unravel, three rats were taught to move a robotic arm toward a target with just their thoughts. Each time they succeeded, the rats were rewarded with a drop of water. The computer's goal, on the other hand, was to earn as many points as possible, Sanchez said. The closer a rat moved the arm to the target, the more points the computer received, giving it incentive to determine which brain signals lead to the most rewards, making the process more efficient for the rat. The researchers conductedseveral tests with the rats, requiring them to hit targets that were farther and farther away. Despite this increasing difficulty, the rats completed the tasks more efficiently over time and did so at a significantly higher rate than if they had just aimed correctly by chance, Sanchez said. 317 F F2008/06/25() 21:05:08 ID:??? Researchers develop neural implant that learns with the brain(3) "We think this dialogue with a goal is how we can make these systems evolve over time," Sanchez said."We want these devices to grow with the user. (Also) we want users to be able to experience new scenarios and be able to control the device." Dawn Taylor, Ph.D., an assistant professor of biomedical engineering at Case Western Reserve University, said the results of the study add a new dimension to brain-machine interface research. That UF researchers were able to train rats to use the robotic arm and then obtain significant results from animals lacking the mental prowess of primates or humans is also impressive, she said. "It's a clear demonstration of a methodology that will work in situations when other implementations would fall apart," Taylor said. ֘AL http://tmp7.2ch.net/test/read.cgi/kitchen/1209372939/416 http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2008-06/uof-rdn062408.php 318 F F2008/06/25() 21:22:40 ID:??? }CN\tguSQLCWFNVvxA΍c[J }CN\tg2008N625AWebTCg_uSQLCWFNVvUĂƂĒӂĂтƂƂɁA΍c[JB SQLCWFNVƂ́AWebAvP[V̐Ǝ㐫pāAWebT[o[ƐڑĂf[^x[XɕsȃANZX݂B U΁AT[o[łقƂǂ̑삪\ƂȂBႦ΁Af[^x[Xɕۑꂽ𓐂񂾂AWeby[W񂵂肷邱ƂłB NASQLCWFNVU͑傫ȖƂȂĂAQ₽ȂB ōA}CN\tgł͒ӊN̏JƂƂAASPŊJꂽWebAvP[Vc[uMicrosoft Source Code Analyzer for SQL Injectionv̒񋟂JnB c[́AASP̃\[XR[hÓIɕ͂A SQLCWFNV̌ƂȂ悤Ȍoƌxo͂B āAЂWebT[o[\tguIISvւ̕sȗvՒfc[uURLScanv̐Vo[WƂȂo[W3.0x[^łJB ]łłAWebT[o[ւ̍UxՒfł邪AVo[Wł́ASQLCWFNVUĥɗLpȃIvVǉƂB ɁAăq[bgEpbJ[hJc[uHP Scrawlrv̗pĂB c[́A[U[w肵WebTCgɃANZXāÃTCgSQLCWFNVỦe󂯂邩ǂׂ́B OóuSource Code Analyzer for SQL InjectionvƂ͈قȂAׂTCg̃\[XR[hȂĂł邱ƂB ăTYECXeB[gɂ΁Ac[͊{IȌsȂ̂ŁAȈՓIȒł̂ݗpׂƂĂB ̑΍c[ŗpłBc[̃_E[h@ڍׂɂẮA}CN\tg̏(http://www.microsoft.com/japan/technet/security/advisory/954462.mspx)QƂĂقB http://itpro.nikkeibp.co.jp/article/NEWS/20080625/309474/ 319 F F2008/06/25() 21:23:07 ID:??? oCKAbɂ萫iςĂ\Č Q̕ɏQ̌bĺAbtɂĖӎɐiςĂƂʂAč̌҂炩ɂB ́Aj[[Nswo[NZƃEBXRVw~EH[L[Z̃[AoCK̃qXpjbNnO[vΏۂɎ{B ʂ厏uW[iEIuERV[}[ET[vŔ\B ɂƁA팱҂͉̏pbƂXyCŘbƂɁAϋɓIɎȎ咣ƓB ܂A̕ὠoCKłP݂̂̕ɓKlAoCKłQ̕ɏlX̊Ԃł茰ƂB http://jp.reuters.com/article/oddlyEnoughNews/idJPJAPAN-32425020080625 320 F F2008/06/25() 21:23:30 ID:??? Marcel Broodthaers Le Corbeau et le Renard (1967) http://www.ubu.com/film/broodthaers_corbeau.html Janek Schaefer Audio Works (1985-2003) http://www.ubu.com/sound/schaefer_j.html 321 F F2008/06/26() 20:49:47 ID:??? Morbid thoughts whet the appetite Can watching TV news or crime shows trigger overeating? According to new research in the Journal of Consumer Research, people who are thinking about their own deaths want to consume more. Authors Naomi Mandel (Arizona State University) and Dirk Smeesters (Erasmus University Rotterdam, the Netherlands) conducted several experiments in Europe and the United States where participants wrote essays on their feelings about their own deaths. They then checked off items on a grocery list or ate cookies. Consumers who wrote about their own deaths wanted to buy more and ate more than those who wrote about a painful medical procedure (the control group). "People want to consumer more of all kinds of foods, both healthy and unhealthy, when thinking about the idea that they will die some day," write the authors. The researchers found people with low self-esteem, in particular, tend to over-consume after death-related thoughts. Mandel and Smeesters explain the effect using a theory called "escape from self-awareness." "When people are reminded of their inevitable mortality, they may start to feel uncomfortable about what they have done with their lives and whether they have made a significant mark on the universe. This is a state called 'heightened self-awareness.' One way to deal with such an uncomfortable state is to escape from it, by either overeating or overspending," they write. The study also revealed that placing a mirror in front of the participants reduced the desire to over-consume. "Consumers, especially those with a lower self-esteem, might be more susceptible to over-consumption when faced with images of death during the news or their favorite crime-scene investigation shows," the authors conclude. http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2008-06/uocp-mtw062508.php 322 F F2008/06/26() 20:53:26 ID:??? Neuroscientists discover a sense of adventure(1) Wellcome Trust scientists have identified a key region of the brain which encourages us to be adventurous. The region, located in a primitive area of the brain, is activated when we choose unfamiliar options, suggesting an evolutionary advantage for sampling the unknown. It may also explain why re-branding of familiar products encourages to pick them off the supermarket shelves. In an experiment carried out at the Wellcome Trust Centre for Neuroimaging at UCL (University College London), volunteers were shown a selection of images, which they had already been familiarised with. Each card had a unique probability of reward attached to it and over the course of the experiment, the volunteers would be able to work out which selection would provide the highest rewards. However, when unfamiliar images were introduced, the researchers found that volunteers were more likely to take a chance and select one of these options than continue with their familiar ? and arguably safer ? option. Using fMRI scanners, which measure blood flow in the brain to highlight which areas are most active, Dr Bianca Wittmann and colleagues showed that when the subjects selected an unfamiliar option, an area of the brain known as the ventral striatum lit up, indicating that it was more active. The ventral striatum is in one of the evolutionarily primitive regions of the brain, suggesting that the process can be advantageous and will be shared by many animals. "Seeking new and unfamiliar experiences is a fundamental behavioural tendency in humans and animals," says Dr Wittmann. "It makes sense to try new options as they may prove advantageous in the long run. For example, a monkey who chooses to deviate from its diet of bananas, even if this involves moving to an unfamiliar part of the forest and eating a new type of food, may find its diet enriched and more nutritious." 323 F F2008/06/26() 20:53:49 ID:??? Neuroscientists discover a sense of adventure(2) When we make a particular choice or carry out a particular action which turns out to be beneficial, it is rewarded by a release of neurotransmitters such as dopamine. These rewards help us learn which behaviours are preferable and advantageous and worth repeating. The ventral striatum is one of the key areas involved in processing rewards in the brain. Although the researchers cannot say definitively from the fMRI scans how novelty seeking is being rewarded, Dr Wittmann believes it is likely to be through dopamine release. However, whilst rewarding the brain for making novel choices may prove advantageous in encouraging us to make potentially beneficial choices, it may also make us more susceptible to exploitation. "I might have my own favourite choice of chocolate bar, but if I see a different bar repackaged, advertising its 'new, improved flavour', my search for novel experiences may encourage me to move away from my usual choice," says Dr Wittmann. "This introduces the danger of being sold 'old wine in a new skin' and is something that marketing departments take advantage of." Rewarding the brain for novel choices could have a more serious side effect, argues Professor Nathaniel Daw, now at New York University, who also worked on the study. "The novelty bonus may be useful in helping us make complex, uncertain decisions, but it clearly has a downside," says Professor Daw. "In humans, increased novelty-seeking may play a role in gambling and drug addiction, both of which are mediated by malfunctions in dopamine release." http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2008-06/wt-nda062008.php 324 F F2008/06/26() 20:59:06 ID:??? Existing Drug Reverses a Form of Mental Retardation in Mice(1) A drug already on the market for a completely unrelated condition could be used to treat a form of mental retardation linked to autism?if the results of a study in mice hold up, researchers report. Scientists used rapamycin?a medication doctors prescribe to patients who have had transplants to prevent their bodies from rejecting the new organs?to treat learning disorders associated with a disease called tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) in mice. TSC is a rare genetic disorder that causes brain tumors, seizures, learning disabilities, skin lesions and kidney tumors in the 50,000 Americans and one million people worldwide who have the disease. Half of those with TSC are autistic, and as many as one in five people with the condition also suffer from mental retardation, so the hope is that rapamycin may be used to treat learning disabilities and short-term memory deficits in all kinds of autism as well, says neurobiologist and co-author of a study in Nature Medicine, Alcino Silva of the David Geffen School of Medicine at the University of California, Los Angeles. Silva and his colleagues created mice with TSC by removing one copy of the gene TSC2. (If researchers delete both copies of the gene, the resulting mice die shortly after birth.) When the both copies of the gene are turned on in either mice and humans, they produce and regulate proteins that help strengthen connections between nerve cells, which the brain needs to remember and learn. 325 F F2008/06/26() 20:59:33 ID:??? Existing Drug Reverses a Form of Mental Retardation in Mice(2) The TSC mice performed poorly in various learning tests, such as recalling where a platform was in a pool of water and distinguishing between cages based on what was inside them. In the mice, Silva says, "learning and memory are disrupted just like they [are] affected in most patients with tuberous sclerosis." So why try rapamycin? The team got the idea, Silva says, after they realized the drug regulates one of the proteins that the TSC gene does, just in different parts of the body. When they tried the experiment in animals three to six months of age?well into adulthood for mice, according to Silva?rapamycin leveled the playing field between normal and TSC mice in as little as three days. "What was surprising is that we could give rapamycin to adult mice and reverse their condition," Silva explains. "We did not knowcthat this drug would be equally effective for the learning disabilities" as it is for tissue rejection. Rapamycin costs about 1,000 per month for transplant recipients. It suppresses the immune system in the body?which is necessary to thwart tissue rejection. There are, however, the expected side effects from a drug that suppresses the immune system: impaired wound healing, infections, mouth sores and, in rare instances, skin cancer. In addition to the learning deficits, Silva says his team has "early, positive signs" from mouse models that rapamycin may also be able to treat the kidney tumors, skin lesions, brain tumors and epilepsy associated with TSC. David Franz, director of the Tuberous Sclerosis Clinic at Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, adds that the drug reduced kidney and brain tumors in small clinical trials he has conducted. 326 F F2008/06/26() 21:00:00 ID:??? Existing Drug Reverses a Form of Mental Retardation in Mice(3) The results of the new work are similar to findings in two other diseases related to autism?fragile X syndrome and Rett syndrome. Scientists were able to reverse mental retardation in mice suffering both of those illnesses, as well. Put together, Silva says, these results suggest that researchers are beginning to find brain malfunctions that cause autism?and may be possible to reverse. These studies "suggest that we're about to have a paradigm shift in how we look at developmental disorders, like autism," he explains. These illnesses should no longer be viewed as something a person is born with, according to Silva, who believes these disorders can be eliminated by altering the brain's biochemistry. Franz agrees that rapamycin can modify TSC. He thinks, however, that Silva may be overreaching in extending its benefit to all autism sufferers. "You might make them better," he says, "but I don't think you're going to normalize them." The next step, Silva says, is a clinical trial of rapamycin in humans with TSC. That study is already underway at the University of Cambridge in England. http://www.sciam.com/article.cfm?id=existing-drug-reverses-a&sc 327 F F2008/06/26() 21:03:01 ID:??? Even vegetarians may not be safe from 'mad cow' prions(1) Fancy a dose of prions with your vegetables? A new study suggests that infectious prions - thought to be the causative agents in mad cow disease and human vCJD ? can survive wastewater decontamination and wind up in fertiliser, potentially contaminating fruit and vegetables. The prions would be present in such low quantities that they are unlikely to pose a health threat, but as a precaution, "we should prevent the entry of prions into wastewater treatment plants," says microbiologist Joel Pedersen, of the University of Wisconsin in Madison, US, who led the research. Prions could end up in wastewater treatment plants via slaughterhouse drains, hunted game cleaned in a sink, or humans with vCJD shedding prions in their urine or faeces, Pedersen says. Previous studies have suggested that prions can survive heat treatment and caustic chemicals, but to see how prions fare during sewage treatment, Pendersen's team spiked sludge from a local treatment plant with infectious prions, and then subjected the toxic brew to a typical wastewater treatment regimen. 328 F F2008/06/26() 21:03:23 ID:??? Even vegetarians may not be safe from 'mad cow' prions(2) This typically involves three weeks of filtration, separation and incubation with microbes that break down contaminants in the sludge, resulting in clean water and "biosolids" free of most human pathogens, which can be used as a fertiliser. When Pedersen's team tested the sewage soup at various stages, they found the water was clean, but the biosolids were contaminated with prions. "The sludge digestion seems to have no effect on the prion protein," he says. Prions from culled livestock could also lurk in landfills, says Pederson, whose team is testing whether prions survive in dumps. Recent mad cow disease scares in Britain, Canada, and the US resulted in culls of thousands of potentially tainted animals, and many ended up underground. http://www.newscientist.com/channel/health/dn14210-even-vegetarians-may-not-be-safe-from-mad-cow-prions.html 329 F F2008/06/26() 21:11:14 ID:??? How switching language can change your personality Bicultural people may unconsciously change their personality when they switch languages, according to a US study on bilingual Hispanic women. It found that women who were actively involved in both English and Spanish speaking cultures interpreted the same events differently, depending on which language they were using at the time. It is known that people in general can switch between different ways of interpreting events and feelings ? a phenomenon known as frame shifting. But the researchers say their work shows that bilingual people that are active in two different cultures do it more readily, and that language is the trigger. One part of the study got the volunteers to watch TV advertisements showing women in different scenarios. The participants initially saw the ads in one language ? English or Spanish ? and then six months later in the other. Researchers David Luna from Baruch College, New York, US, and Torsten Ringberg and Laura Peracchio from the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, US, found that women classified themselves and others as more assertive when they spoke Spanish than when they spoke English. "In the Spanish-language sessions, informants perceived females as more self-sufficient and extroverted," they say. For example, one person saw the main character in the Spanish version of a commercial as a risk-taking, independent woman, but as hopeless, lonely, and confused in the English version. ֘AL >>319 http://tmp7.2ch.net/test/read.cgi/kitchen/1212478591/319 Are you a different person when you speak a different language? http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2008-06/uocp-aya062508.php http://www.newscientist.com/channel/being-human/dn14202-how-switching-language-can-change-your-personality.html 330 F F2008/06/26() 21:11:53 ID:??? NōłJ̑~JV[YɐVVC\T[rX EI 10Pʂ̓VC킩g10VC\hJn  ڐ1Ԉȓ̉J̗\́glԂ̖ځh̕Rs[^[萸m  ЃEFU[j[YiݒnFsA\ВFJmj́ANōłJ̑~J̃V[Yɏ؂Ă炤߁A ̓xAgѓdbTCgEFU[j[X́uJvWFNgvɂāA{ƂȂ10Pʂł̃s|Cg~J\w10VC\xihttp://wni.jp T[rXpFj626()X^[g܂ Bw10VC\x́AJ~邩ߍׂmFłT[rXŁA~J\z2ԑOɃT[rXғA10Pʂł̂ߍׂȋCۗ\񋟂̂łB w10VC\x́ASeňgѓdbp҂񂹂ꂽ~J󋵂Ɋւ郊|[gƂɍs܂B ʂ̕ƋɉJ_ǐՂ邱ƂŁACۃ[_[ł͕⑫ĂȂJ_A⑫ĂĂAۂɍ~ĂȂȂǁAMdȏ\ɔf邱Ƃł܂B http://weathernews.com/jp/c/press/2008/080626.html 331 F F2008/06/26() 21:12:15 ID:??? Highlights: ]:VwwK̓j[̕ωɂ ڕWw^̉ۑs\͂ɂ͌l邪Â悤ȕVwwK炷j[̕ωɂẮA܂悭킩ĂȂB TyéAVł鍻Ŏ悤ɃbgPāAVwwKĜ̊̊ƃVivXɈˑĂ邱Ƃ𖾂炩ɂB Ĝ́AwKɏdvȖʂ]̈łB X̓BwKx́AVivXx̑̒xƂ悭ւĂB VwwK̍ۂ̔]̕ωɂĉ𖾂i񂾂Ƃ́A܂VwKĂꍇA邢͖򕨈ˑېHQ̂悤ȕVwKُ̈Â@̊Jɖ𗧂낤B SFhttp://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v453/n7199/full/nature06963.html http://www.natureasia.com/japan/nature/updates/index.php?id=66945&issue=7199 332 F F2008/06/26() 21:12:35 ID:??? O[oTCÍASYΉؖsJn GMO C^[lbgO[v GMO zXeBOZLeB̘AqЂŁAdqF؃T[rXWJO[oTC2008N626AÍASYuSHA-2vΉ̃eXgؖsT[rXJnB SHA ́AÍɗp鑀łnbV֐QB SHA-0ASHA-1ASHA-2ƂKiQASHA-1 IPsec SSLAPGP ɗpĂB t[ZLeBZ^[́ÃnbV֐ɂďZLeBcƂĔ\ꂽuÍASY SHA-1 RSA1024 ɌWڍswjvŁA2013N܂łɎÍASYɈڍsv悪ĂB 񔭕\̂́AnbV֐̎KiuSHA-2veXg̖ؖsB Ђ́AuEUؖ𗘗pfW^@̊JɁAۂ̎dlɋ߂ؖgẴeXg{邱ƂɂAϋɓIȎÍASYւ̈ڍs𐄐iB http://japan.internet.com/webtech/20080626/2.html 333 F F2008/06/26() 21:13:12 ID:??? AECX\tǧo̓LO2008N6ŁAxXg10\ ZLeB\tg̔r؂sƗ@ւ̍őuAV-Test.orgvɂAECX\tǧo̓LO2008N611ł\܂B ̂ǂ̂悤ȌʂɂȂĂ̂ł傤HCɂȂxXg10Ă݂܂傤B hCcAV-TestׂɂA2008N611݂̌o 1ʁFG DATA AECX2008i99.21j 2ʁFKaspersky AECX7.0i98.96j 3ʁFNorton AECX2008i98.89j 4ʁFWindows Cu PAi98.53j 5ʁFF-Secure C^[lbgZLeB 2008i98.09j 6ʁFMcAfee ECXXLvXi95.77j 7ʁFECXoX^[2008i92.42j 8ʁFECXZLeB ZEROi90.50j 9ʁFNOD32AECX V2.7i88.85j 10ʁFECXL[[i85.32j ̌o̓eXgsAV-Test.orgƂ̂̓ZLeB\tg̔r؂sƗ@ւ̍őŁAIbg[EtHEQ[PwihCcj̃vWFNgƂăX^[gYw@ցB 낢ȊƁEćE񓹋@ւȂǂ̈˗󂯂ăZLeB\tg͂̕sÃf[^񋟂Ă炵ALɏڂL܂B ITmedia +D PC USERFAV-TestC^r[FZLeB\tǵgith́AƃwH (1/2) http://plusd.itmedia.co.jp/pcuser/articles/0705/18/news078.html Virus Watcher Japan: AEBX\tg̕]@AV-Testɕ http://virus-watcher.net/archives/2007/06/avtest.htm http://gigazine.net/index.php?/news/comments/20080626_avtest/ 334 F F2008/06/26() 21:13:32 ID:??? XyCAސĺuvی삷錈cĂ̑ XyCc̊ψ͂QTAlɍł߂Tłސl̐ƎRg݁uސlvWFNgvxƂ̌cĂ̑B lԈȊOɂĂ̂悤Ȍi̕Kvc߂̂͐EƂ݂B vWFNǵAȊw҂Nw҂炪A܂ŐlԂɂ̂ݗ^ĂAqIɂlԂɍł߂ސlɂKpׂƑiĂꂽ́B@ vWFNg̃XyClӔCҁAyhE|UX́uɕ钆A܂ސl̕یɂƂāA͗jIȓvƏqׂB }h̋cȂǂɂxꂽcĂ͗@錩ʂŁA{͂PNȓɓł̗ސlɑ΂֎~Ȃǖ@ߏW̉sƂɂȂB ̖@Ăł́AT[JXerR}[VAfȂǂ̂߂ɗސl炷邱Ƃ֎~AᔽꍇAY̑ΏۂƂȂB A̓Ŏ炳ĂƂRPTC̗ސlɂĂ͈@ɂ͂ȂȂB http://jp.reuters.com/article/oddlyEnoughNews/idJPJAPAN-32439020080626 335 F F2008/06/26() 21:13:53 ID:??? ɒȂInstinctivɑIł炨 VX^[gAbvInstinctiv(http://www.instinctiv.com/)ič 6/26jT[rXJAɑ1Eh̃GWFosꂽƂ𔭕\B Ђ̃T[rXłInstinctiv ShuffléAiPhoneAvP[VŁi_łJailbreakꂽiPhonê݁jA[U[̒ĂȂ̌X݂āAɂǂ̋Ȃ𕷂ASYgė\B [U[̃[h\zāA𒮂ɓĂƓЂ͌؂B ̉ЂJustin SmithlinePeter Brodsky2lݗACayuga Venture FundARosetech VenturesуGWFƂ̃O[v75h𒲒BĂB iPhonep̉yAhIT[rXŏo󂯂̂͂ꂪ߂Ăł͂ȂB CXG̃X^[gAbv TuneWikiA[U[iPhoneɊyȂ̉̎_E[hT[rXŁANBenchmark Capital玑BĂB http://jp.techcrunch.com/archives/20080626let-instinctiv-choose-the-next-song-you-listen-to/ 336 F F2008/06/26() 22:30:14 ID:??? LHC̎~̉\͖Ač{ٔɍRُo CERNXCXƃtX̍Ɍ݂s^nhՓˌ^uLHCvŗ\肳ĂɏubNz[sꍇA ubNz[͂̕荞݂Ȃ琬AŏIIɂ͒nݍޒɐB n炷ɂȂƂĕčɍݏZ錳q͊֌W҂Jn̈ꎞ~߂鉼nCBnٔɒiĂiׂɊ֘AāAč{24A͖ٔƂRُٔɒoB Rُ40AvSy[WɂyԖcȕB Rُ̂Ȃŕč{́ALHCɑ΂č{̏o䗦͌IȂ̂ŁAč{CERNɑ΂LHCł̎~߂邱Ƃ͂łȂƁB LHC̓XCXƃtX̍Ɍ݂sꂽ̂ŕč̍ٔ͊ỎȊw{݂ɑ΂āA̒~𖽂@I͂ȂƁB ̎咣͎ɊÂȊwI咣ł͂ȂA_ł邱ƁB ႦAč̍ٔ~̉߂oƂĂCERNɂ͕č̍ٔ߂𗚍s͂ȂACERN͎{邱Ƃ\AƎ咣A̍ٔ̐̂̂ɋ^悵B LHCŗ\肳ĂɏubNz[{ꍇẢߒŃAbvA_EƃXgW琬َ̃XgWbgƌĂ΂zq𐶐A ̃XgWbg͋߂ɑ݂镨荞݂Ȃ琬邱ƂɂĒnݍދubNz[ɐ\Ǝ咣B ̏A߂Ď̈S𑽐̉Ȋw҂Č؂ԁACERNsȂ悤Ɏ̈ꎞ~߂鉼ٔɋ߂ĂB ͂܂ALHCɂ͕č̘AM{@ւꕔAosĂAo҂̌ƂĎ̈ꎞ~߂邱Ƃ͏\ɉ\ƐĂB čŎ~߂iׂNꂽƂɊւāACERNł͍ٔ́uiZXvƏqׂōٔ̐iW󋵂ɊւȂ̂Ƃ8̊Jn\肵ĂJnɌŏIi߂ĂB ֘AL >>298 http://www.technobahn.com/news/2008/200806261849.html 337 F F2008/06/26() 23:04:24 ID:??? Company tests eye-controlled 'wearable' gadgets(1) Rolling your eyes to turn up the volume of a portable music player and tapping your fingers to turn on a DVD player are among technologies Japan's top mobile carrier is testing for "wearable" gadgets. In one version, sensors and chips inside headphones detect electrical current produced by movements of the wearer's eyeballs, says Masaaki Fukumoto, executive research engineer at NTT DoCoMo. "We are working on a cell phone of the future," he said at a suburban Tokyo research center. NTT DoCoMo believes wearable control technology will be adapted for mobile devices that download music, play video games and allow users to shop online and keep up with their e-mail. In a demonstration Tuesday for the Associated Press, researcher Hiroyuki Manabe wore a giant headset covered with wires to show how computer graphic lines in a monitor connected to the headset darted wildly whenever his eyes moved. He turned up the volume on a digital music player by rolling his eyes, and he jerked his eyes twice to the right to fast forward. 338 F F2008/06/26() 23:04:45 ID:??? Company tests eye-controlled 'wearable' gadgets(2) The new technology may also enable cell phone cameras to read bar codes used in Japan to get product information, download music and coupons when the user simply looks at the codes, researchers said. Fukumoto showed a wearable cell phone shaped like a ring about the size of a ping pong ball. When a wearer sticks his fingers in his ears, the sound travels as vibrations through his bones and into his ears, where it is heard as sound again. Another iteration of the technology appears in a wristwatch that can detect the wearer's thumb and forefinger tapping together to work as a remote controller for such gadgets as a DVD player. The days when wearable technology looks like fancy cumbersome space-suits are over. The latest look is everyday and inconspicuous, blending into the routine, Fukumoto said. "Japanese don't like to stand out," he said. But when such technology will become real products, if ever, is still unknown, he said. http://edition.cnn.com/2008/TECH/ptech/06/25/wearablecontrols.ap/index.html 339 F F2008/06/27() 01:19:54 ID:??? u\FvŃR䂪\ ̋Zpi߂΁A{bgtlԂ̊w̗x𔻒fȂusƂł悤ɂȂB JtHjAwTfBGSZiUCSDj̋@BF́A̕\FA\̕ωɂărfIĐ𑀍삷Zp̎؎sB Z̃Rs[^ȊwUAWFCRuEzCgqm𒆐SɊJꂽVXegƁArfIĐ̃Xs[hArfIӏ܎҂̓̕\̕ωɑΉ邱ƂłB Ⴆ΁Auv̏ꍇɂ̓X[ĐɂȂAƂƂ\B \FVXeł́A΂̒xAق̊JAт̏㉺ȂǂFłB zCgqm̓{bgtJł̋ZpKvɂȂƍlĂB lԂ̊w{bgt̍u󂯂ĂƂɁAb̓eɂčsȂꍇAw̕\FčũXs[h𗎂Ƃł邱ƂڎwĂB ̒iḰAȏ󋵂ɊׂƂɐlԂǂ̂悤ȕ\邩͂邱ƂB ̕\ƂɁAũrfIX[_E悤ɂȂ΁A{bgtւ̓iނƂɂȂB ֘AL >>305-306 http://tmp7.2ch.net/test/read.cgi/kitchen/1212478591/305-306 http://www.itmedia.co.jp/news/articles/0806/26/news078.html 340 F F2008/06/27() 01:20:44 ID:??? 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Fact or Fiction: Men Have a Biological Clock(1) The female biological clock?its tick-tock marking the decline of fertility that grows louder as a woman reaches middle age?is deeply ingrained in popular consciousness. Take this scene from the film Bridget Jones's Diary: Bridget's Uncle Geoffrey reminds her that as a career girl she "can't put it off forever," alluding to her declining fertility. His wife Una chimes in: "tick-tock, tick-tock," her finger wagging like a metronome. The biological clock, although just a metaphor, refers to a real phenomenon: Women over 35 years of age are only half as likely to become pregnant in the most fertile part of their menstrual cycle than women younger than 26. So do men suffer from the same thing? "For women, a biological clock is a decline in fertility and an increased chance of having genetically abnormal babies as they age," says Harry Fisch, director of New York City's Male Reproductive Center and author of The Male Biological Clock: The Startling News About Aging, Sexuality, and Fertility in Men. "And that's exactly what's happening with men." So how did Indian farmer Nanu Ram Jogi sire a healthy child at the age of 90 last year? Such a feat would be impossible for a woman, even in an age when Carmela Bousada, 67, gave birth to twins in January 2007 after lying about her age to the doctors who gave her in vitro fertilization. Whereas fertility declines along with testosterone levels as men age, it doesn't drop to zero. 344 F F2008/06/27() 07:27:10 ID:??? Fact or Fiction: Men Have a Biological Clock(2) Still, Jogi is definitely the exception rather than the rule. One study found that the odds of fatherhood for those under the age of 30 was 32.1 percent compared with 20 percent over the age of 50, signifying a 38 percent drop in male fertility across that age gap. One study examined 97 men between the ages of 22 and 80 and found that as they aged their semen volume decreased by 0.001 ounce (0.03 milliliter) per year from an average total of 0.09 ounce (2.7 milliliters) and their "total progressively motile sperm count"?a rough index for the fertility potential of one's sperm based on its movement?decreased about five percent with each year they aged. Fisch and his colleagues have also found that the children of women over 35 whose babies' fathers were also of that age were more likely to have Down's syndrome than offspring whose fathers were younger. In other studies, older men were more likely to father children with mental illness or other deficits. Roughly 11 children out of a thousand conceived by men over age 50 developed schizophrenia compared with under three children out of a thousand for fathers under 20 in one study from the Archives of General Psychiatry. And the children of men 40 years or older were nearly six times more likely to have autism spectrum disorders than kids begot by men under 30. 345 F F2008/06/27() 07:28:01 ID:??? Fact or Fiction: Men Have a Biological Clock(3) So do men's sperm get staler over time? To maintain sperm levels, cells known as germ cells must continue dividing. After all, men find ways to dispose of sperm?ahem?and once ejaculated they only survive for several days. By the age of 50, these germ cells will have divided 840 times. Each one of those divisions is an opportunity for something to go wrong. "There's more of a chance to have genetic abnormalities the more the cells divide," Fisch says. In sperm these mutations dot the genes with changes in the basic structure of the DNA?and can lead to problems in the resulting offspring. Bioengineer Narendra Singh of the University of Washington in Seattle and his colleagues compared the sperm of men of different ages. Sure enough, sperm in men older than 35 had more DNA damage than that from younger men. And although unhealthy sperm are supposed to commit cell suicide, some of the sperm they looked at had lost that ability to "take one for the team"?meaning they'd be around to fertilize an egg. "This may lead to offspring with defective DNA, which may translate to mental and physical defects," Singh says. 346 F F2008/06/27() 07:28:23 ID:??? Fact or Fiction: Men Have a Biological Clock(4) Can men prevent this damage? No, but they may be able to mitigate it. There are factors within men's control that can accelerate adverse effects: alcohol, smoking, drugs and environmental pollution?even coffee consumption. So avoid them, says Singh. Still, even after correcting for various lifestyle factors, the DNA of sperm are increasingly damaged with advancing age. "The question is, can we reverse the [male] biological clock?" asks Fisch, who is studying various ways to keep sperm healthy. Perhaps Bridget Jones's Uncle Geoffrey and Aunt Una should have chastised her love interest, Mark Darcy, too, for procrastinating procreation. That "tick-tock, tick-tock," it would seem, applies to both sexes. http://www.sciam.com/article.cfm?id=fact-or-fiction-men-have-biological-clocks&sc 347 F F2008/06/27() 07:31:03 ID:??? Quantum computing breakthrough arises from unknown molecule(1) The odd behavior of a molecule in an experimental silicon computer chip has led to a discovery that opens the door to quantum computing in semiconductors. In a Nature Physics journal paper currently online, the researchers describe how they have created a new, hybrid molecule in which its quantum state can be intentionally manipulated - a required step in the building of quantum computers. "Up to now large-scale quantum computing has been a dream," says Gerhard Klimeck, professor of electrical and computer engineering at Purdue University and associate director for technology for the national Network for Computational Nanotechnology. "This development may not bring us a quantum computer 10 years faster, but our dreams about these machines are now more realistic." The workings of traditional computers haven't changed since they were room-sized behemoths 50 years ago; they still use bits of information, 1s and 0s, to store and process information. Quantum computers would harness the strange behaviors found in quantum physics to create computers that would carry information using quantum bits, or qubits. Computers would be able to process exponentially more information. If a traditional computer were given the task of looking up a person's phone number in a telephone book, it would look at each name in order until it found the right number. Computers can do this much faster than people, but it is still a sequential task. A quantum computer, however, could look at all of the names in the telephone book simultaneously. Quantum computers also could take advantage of the bizarre behaviors of quantum mechanics - some of which are counterintuitive even to physicists - in ways that are hard to fathom. For example, two quantum computers could, in concept, communicate instantaneously across any distance imaginable, even across solar systems. 348 F F2008/06/27() 07:34:23 ID:??? Quantum computing breakthrough arises from unknown molecule(2) Albert Einstein, in a letter to Erwin Schrodinger in the 1930s, wrote that in a quantum state a keg of gunpowder would have both exploded and unexploded molecules within it (a notion that led Schrodinger to create his famous cat-in-a-box thought experiment). This "neither here nor there" quantum state is what can be controlled in this new molecule simply by altering the voltage of the transistor. Until now, the challenge had been to create a computer semiconductor in which the quantum state could be controlled, creating a qubit. "If you want to build a quantum computer you have to be able to control the occupancy of the quantum states," Klimeck says. "We can control the location of the electron in this artificial atom and, therefore, control the quantum state with an externally applied electrical field." The discovery began when Sven Rogge and his colleagues at Delft University of Technology in the Netherlands were experimenting with nano-scale transistors that show the effects of unintentional impurities, or dopants. The researchers found properties in the current-voltage characteristics of the transistor that indicated electrons were being transported by a single atom, but it was unclear what impurity was causing this effect. Physicist Lloyd Hollenberg and colleagues at the University of Melbourne in Australia were able to construct a theoretical silicon-based quantum computer chip based on the concept of using an individual impurity. "The team found that the measurements only made sense if the molecule was considered to be made of two parts," Hollenberg says. "One end comprised the arsenic atom embedded in the silicon, while the 'artificial' end of the molecule forms near the silicon surface of the transistor. A single electron was spread across both ends. 349 F F2008/06/27() 07:35:07 ID:??? Quantum computing breakthrough arises from unknown molecule(3) "What is strange about the 'surface' end of the molecule is that it occurs as an artifact when we apply electrical current across the transistor and hence can be considered 'manmade.' We have no equivalent form existing naturally in the world around us." Klimeck, along with graduate student Rajib Rahman, developed an updated version of the nano-electronics modeling program NEMO 3-D to simulate the material at the size of 3 million atoms. "We needed to model such a large number of atoms to see the new, extended quantum characteristics," Klimeck says. The simulation showed that the new molecule is a hybrid, with the naturally occurring arsenic at one end in a normal spherical shape and a new, artificial atom at the other end in a flattened, 2-D shape. By controlling the voltage, the researchers found that they could make an electron go to either end of the molecule or exist in an intermediate, quantum, state. This model was then made into an image by David Ebert, a professor of electrical and computer engineering at Purdue, and graduate student Insoo Woo. Delft's Rogge says the discovery also highlights the current capabilities of designing electronic machines. "Our experiment made us realize that industrial electronic devices have now reached the level where we can study and manipulate the state of a single atom," Rogge says. "This is the ultimate limit, you can not get smaller than that." http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2008-06/pu-qcb062608.php 350 F F2008/06/27() 18:17:54 ID:??? USCJuCAP3DfZpvAŏЉ(1) JtHjAwICTOtBbNXJRXg3D{[fBXv[ZṕAqǂzOɕɋ߂ÂArWAETCGXSF̂΂炵ZB ̉fvZX͒PȂ̂ł͂ȂA3̎vȗvfȂ\$ADLPvWFN^[AɁA360xJo[摜\ɕKvƂȂ鐳mȓeA(ώ@҂̈ʒulɓ)߂ĐɊovZ@B

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351 F F2008/06/27() 18:18:29 ID:???
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http://wiredvision.jp/news/200806/2008062723.html

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http://ascii.jp/elem/000/000/146/146085/

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http://www.sciencemag.jp/highlights.cgi#481

355 F F2008/06/27() 18:21:11 ID:???

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http://plusd.itmedia.co.jp/lifestyle/articles/0709/05/news052.html

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http://internet.watch.impress.co.jp/cda/news/2008/06/27/20078.html

357 F F2008/06/27() 18:21:52 ID:???
Study: 38% Of College Students Not Watching Online Video

Not a shock that a lot of college kids watch online video.
Bigger shock: More than a third of college students say they don't watch online video.

That bit of insight comes from campus marketing firm Alloy Media + Marketing (ALOY), owner of the youth-oriented video news service Channel One.
Alloy says 62% of today's campus Millennials are fully on-board with the digital age and say they watch video on their computers on services like Veoh, Hulu and Joost, and download shows from iTunes.

But what about the other 38%?
Do they not use computers?
Use computers but avoid the video?
Are they too drunk to answer the survey?
MediaPost's summary of Alloy's findings doesn't specify.

Other tidbits, for what they're worth: Laptops are gaining share -- 70% reported owning one, compared to 63% last year.
Girls are more likely to post photos on Facebook (82%) than boys (60%), but boys are more likely to post video (31%) than girls (24%).

http://www.alleyinsider.com/2008/6/study-38-of-college-students-not-watching-online-video

358 F F2008/06/27() 18:23:56 ID:???
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http://jp.techcrunch.com/archives/20080626joglis-music-search-streams-500m-songs-12m-albums/

359 F F2008/06/27() 18:24:34 ID:???
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http://www.webdice.jp/topics/detail/532/

360 F F2008/06/27() 18:24:55 ID:???
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362 F F2008/06/27() 19:09:51 ID:???

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http://itpro.nikkeibp.co.jp/article/NEWS/20080627/309686/

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http://ascii.jp/elem/000/000/146/146405/

365 F F2008/06/28(y) 00:09:19 ID:???
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366 F F2008/06/28(y) 00:34:00 ID:???
Mechanism and function of humor identified by new evolutionary theory(1)

A new publication answers centuries' old questions regarding the mechanism and function of humour, identifying the reason humour is common to all human societies,
its fundamental role in the evolution of homo sapiens and its continuing importance in the cognitive development of infants.

Alastair Clarke explains: "The theory is an evolutionary and cognitive explanation of how and why any individual finds anything funny.
Effectively it explains that humour occurs when the brain recognizes a pattern that surprises it, and that recognition of this sort is rewarded with the experience of the humorous response, an element of which is broadcast as laughter.

"By removing stipulations of content we have been forced to study the structures underlying any instance of humour,
and it has become clear that it is not the content of the stimulus but the patterns underlying it that provide the potential for sources of humour.
For patterns to exist it is necessary to have some form of content, but once that content exists, it is the level of the pattern at which humour operates and for which it delivers its rewards."

Previous theories have only ever applied to a small proportion of all instances of humour, many of them stipulating necessary content or social conditions either in the humour itself or around the individual experiencing it.
But this doesn't explain why an individual can laugh at something when no one else around them does, nor why two people can laugh at the same stimulus for different reasons.

367 F F2008/06/28(y) 00:34:40 ID:???
Mechanism and function of humor identified by new evolutionary theory(2)

The theory further identifies the importance of pattern recognition in human evolution as Clarke explains:
"An ability to recognize patterns instantly and unconsciously has proved a fundamental weapon in the cognitive arsenal of human beings.
The humorous reward has encouraged the development of such faculties, leading to the unique perceptual and intellectual abilities of our species."

Clarke's new theory of humour could also provide the basis for an increased understanding of human cognitive functions:
"The development of pattern recognition as displayed in humour could also form the basis of humankind's instinctive linguistic ability.
Syntax and grammar function in fundamental patterns for which a child has an innate facility.
All that differs from one individual to the next is the content of those patterns in terms of vocabulary."

Pattern Recognition Theory also identifies a correlation between the development of humour and the development of cognitive ability in infants.
"Amusing childish games such as peek-a-boo, clap hands and tower block demolition all exhibit the precise mechanism of humour as it appears in any adult form,
but whether these instances of infantile humour actively contribute to the cognitive development of the child or are simply a record of the evolution of the species played out in the individual, is as yet unclear.

"Peek-a-boo can elicit a humorous response in infants as young as four months, and is, effectively, a simple process of surprise repetition, forming a clear, basic pattern.
As the infant develops, the patterns in childish humour become more complex and compounded and attain spatial as well as temporal elements until, finally, the child begins to grapple with the patterns involved in linguistic humour."

368 F F2008/06/28(y) 00:35:14 ID:???
Mechanism and function of humor identified by new evolutionary theory(3)

Alastair Clarke identifies the implications of pattern recognition theory beyond anthropology.
"Understanding the basic function and mechanism of humour as it begins in infants will benefit the ongoing research into the presence of humour in primates and other mammals.
" He goes on to propose possible technological developments: "Now that we understand the mechanism of humour the possibility of creating an artificial intelligence being that could develop its own sense of humour becomes very real.
This would, for the first time, create an AI capable of exhibiting one of the defining characteristics that make us human, making it seem significantly less robotic as a result."

Alastair Clarke offers two brief illustrations of the theory in instances of humour: "The application of the theory is unique in every instance and for every individual but the following two examples illustrate its basic structure.
A common form of humour is the juxtaposition of two pictures, normally of people, in whom we recognize a similarity.
What we are witnessing here is spatial repetition, a simple two-term pattern featuring the outline or the features of the first repeated in those of the second.
If the pattern is sufficiently convincing (as in the degree to which we perceive repetition), and we are surprised by recognizing it, we will find the stimulus amusing.

369 F F2008/06/28(y) 00:35:55 ID:???
Mechanism and function of humor identified by new evolutionary theory(4)

"As a second example, related to the first but in a different medium, stand-up comedy regularly features what we might call the It's so true form of humour.
As with the first example, the brain recognizes a two-term pattern of repetition between the comedian's depiction and its retained mental image, and if the recognition is surprising, it will be found amusing.
The individual may be surprised to hear such things being talked about in public, perhaps because they are taboo, or because the individual has never heard them being articulated before.
The only difference between the two examples is that in the first the pattern is recognized between one photograph and the next,
and in the second it occurs between the comedian's depiction and the mental image retained by the individual of the matter being portrayed.

370 F F2008/06/28(y) 00:36:15 ID:???
Mechanism and function of humor identified by new evolutionary theory(5)

"Both of these examples use simple patterns of exact repetition, even if the fidelity of that repetition is poor (for example if the photographs are only vaguely similar).
But pattern types can be surprisingly varied, including reflection, reversal, minification and magnification and so on.
Sarcasm, for example, functions around a basic pattern of reversal, otherwise known as repetition in opposites. Patterns can also contain many stages, whereas the ones depicted here feature only two terms."

Clarke concludes: "Pattern Recognition answers how and why we find things funny, but it can not say categorically what is funny since no content can be inherently more or less funny than any other.
The individual is of paramount importance in determining what they find amusing, bringing memories, associations, meta-meaning, disposition, their tendency to recognize patterns and their comprehension of similarity to the equation.
But the theory does offer a vital answer as to why humour exists in every human society."

371 F F2008/06/28(y) 00:36:53 ID:???
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TvWFNg̉Ȋw[𗦂A]iwiUniversity of ArizonajSamuel KounaveśA
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http://www.afpbb.com/article/environment-science-it/science-technology/2411009/3072113

372 F F2008/06/28(y) 00:37:29 ID:???
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http://karapaia.livedoor.biz/archives/51185497.html

373 F F2008/06/28(y) 00:38:04 ID:???
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http://karapaia.livedoor.biz/archives/51185467.html

374 FF2008/06/28(y) 11:34:36 ID:XYuwIvnY

375 F F2008/06/28(y) 22:06:23 ID:???
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http://www.technobahn.com/news/2008/200806281951.html

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http://www.technobahn.com/news/2008/200806281901.html

377 F F2008/06/28(y) 22:21:20 ID:???
Big Baby

At this moment, in the constellation Taurus, a planet is forming in the dust and debris surrounding the star HL Tau.
The protoplanet, named HL Tau b, may be the youngest yet discovered.

A team of British astronomers found HL Tau b when they noticed an extra-bright clump in a radio image of its parent star from
the Very Large Array radio telescopes at the National Radio Astronomy Observatory in New Mexico.
The young planet is believed to be only a few hundred thousand years old and 930 million miles in diameter.
Because its parent star is still developing, the protoplanet wonft condense into its final form?a ball of hydrogen and helium gas about the size of
Jupiter called a gas giant?for at least another million years, says astronomer Anita Richards, a member of the research team.
Further observations will help scientists learn how gas giants like Jupiter and Saturn formed in our own outer solar system.

http://www.popsci.com/military-aviation-space/article/2008-06/big-baby

378 F F2008/06/29() 19:51:42 ID:???
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http://ascii.jp/elem/000/000/146/146474/

379 F F2008/06/29() 20:02:46 ID:???
Homosexual behavior due to genetics and environmental factors(1)

Homosexual behaviour is largely shaped by genetics and random environmental factors, according to findings from the world's largest study of twins.

Writing in the scientific journal Archives of Sexual Behavior, researchers from Queen Mary's School of Biological and Chemical Sciences, and Karolinska Institutet in Stockholm report that genetics and environmental factors
(which are specific to an individual, and may include biological processes such as different hormone exposure in the womb), are important determinants of homosexual behaviour.

Dr Qazi Rahman, study co-author and a leading scientist on human sexual orientation, explains: "
This study puts cold water on any concerns that we are looking for a single 'gay gene' or a single environmental variable which could be used to 'select out' homosexuality - the factors which influence sexual orientation are complex.
And we are not simply talking about homosexuality here - heterosexual behaviour is also influenced by a mixture of genetic and environmental factors.

The team led by Dr Niklas Langstrom at Karolinska Institutet conducted the first truly population-based survey of all adult (20-47 years old) twins in Sweden.
Studies of identical twins and non-identical, or fraternal, twins are often used to untangle the genetic and environmental factors responsible for a trait.
While identical twins share all of their genes and their entire environment, fraternal twins share only half of their genes and their entire environment.
Therefore, greater similarity in a trait between identical twins compared to fraternal twins shows that genetic factors are partly responsible for the trait.

380 F F2008/06/29() 20:03:07 ID:???
Homosexual behavior due to genetics and environmental factors(2)

This study looked at 3,826 same-gender twin pairs, who were asked about the total numbers of opposite sex and same sex partners they had ever had.
The findings showed that 35 per cent of the differences between men in same-sex behaviour (that is, that some men have no same sex partners, and some have one or more) is accounted for by genetics. Rahman explains:

"Overall, genetics accounted for around 35 per cent of the differences between men in homosexual behaviour and other individual-specific environmental factors
(that is, not societal attitudes, family or parenting which are shared by twins) accounted for around 64 per cent.
In other words, men become gay or straight because of different developmental pathways, not just one pathway."
For women, genetics explained roughly 18 per cent of the variation in same-sex behaviour, non-shared environment roughly 64 per cent and shared factors, or the family environment, explained 16 per cent.

The study shows that genetic influences are important but modest, and that non-shared environmental factors, which may include factors operating during foetal development, dominate.
Importantly, heredity had roughly the same influence as shared environmental factors in women, whereas the latter had no impact on sexual behaviour in men.

Dr Rahman adds: "The study is not without its limitations - we used a behavioural measure of sexual orientation which might be ok to use for men
(men's psychological orientation, sexual behaviour, and sexual responses are highly related) but less so for women.
Despite this, our study provides the most unbiased estimates presented so far of genetic and non-genetic contributions to sexual orientation."

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>>117-120 >>126-127 >>137 >>202-203

381 F F2008/06/30() 05:31:16 ID:???
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http://kirik.tea-nifty.com/diary/

382 F F2008/06/30() 05:51:59 ID:???
International team identifies 21 new genetic risk factors for Crohn's disease(1)

An international consortium of Crohn's disease researchers has combined data from three independent studies to identify 21 new genetic variants associated with the inflammatory bowel disorder, bringing the total number of risk factors to 32.
Several of these are involved with the immune system's inital response to pathogens, supporting earlier evidence that disruptions in a process called autophagy may lead to the disorder's characteristic immune system overactivity.
The report will appear in the journal Nature Genetics and is receiving early online release.

"This greatly increases our knowledge of the genetic architecture of Crohn's and gives us more detailed insight into the biological underpinnings of the disease,"
says Mark Daly, PhD, of the Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) Center for Human Genetic Research and the Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard, the report's senior author.
"Better understanding of the precise functions of these genes and the molecular effects of Crohn's-associated variants should lead us to novel strategies for therapies and, someday, prevention."

In 2007 three separate research teams ? a North American-based team, involving Daly and colleagues at six other institutions and clinical sites; a U.K. team supported by the Wellcome Trust; and a group of French and
Belgian investigators ? each published genome-wide association studies (GWAS) of Crohn's disease that, combined with earlier studies, brought the total number of Crohn's-associated gene sites to 11.
Those explained only a small proportion of the heritability of Crohn's, which affects nearly half a million people in the U.S.

383 F F2008/06/30() 05:52:30 ID:???
International team identifies 21 new genetic risk factors for Crohn's disease(2)

Since the power of any GWAS is limited by the number of samples available for screening, the three teams combined their data through a process called meta-analysis,
allowing the comparison of data from more than 3,200 Crohn's patients with more than 4,800 controls.
That was supplemented by an analysis of new data from an additional 3,700 patients and matching controls.

Both of those analyses strongly confirmed the 11 previously-identified sites and found an additional 21 areas associated with susceptibility to Crohn's.
While the newly identified sites are not as strong as those found in earlier studies, they continue to build a picture of factors leading to the inappropriate immune-system activation that characterizes the disorder.

"It's amazing that all of the genes indentified in GWAS studies of Crohn's so far align with the pathways that we know are disrupted, systems that sense the presence of microbes and effectively clear them from the body."
says Ramnik Xavier, MD, of the Center for the Study of Inflammatory Bowel Disease in the MGH Gastroenterology Unit and the MGH Center for Computational and Integrative Biology, a co-author of the Nature Genetics study.
"Mapping the internal circuitry of these systems and identifying the molecular switches that control those circuits should lead to better targeted drugs for Crohn's and other inflammatory bowel diseases.
" Daly is an assistant professor of Medicine at Harvard Medical School and Xavier is an associate professor.

384 F F2008/06/30() 05:53:15 ID:???
Complexity of Crohn's disease revealed as 'gene' count tops 30(1)

New research has trebled the number of genetic regions known to be implicated in Crohn's disease, a form of inflammatory bowel disease, to over thirty.
The research, published today in the journal Nature Genetics, has identified a number of potential new targets for drug development as well as providing surprising new links between the condition and other common diseases including asthma.

Crohn's disease affects between 1 in 500 and 1 in 1000 people within the UK, causing inflammation of gastrointestinal tract and leading to pain, ulcers and diarrhoea.
The disease can strike at any age, but onset is typically between 15 and 40 years old. As many as 80% of people suffering from the disease will require surgery at some point.

Previous studies have already identified 11 genes and loci (regions of the genome typically including one or more genes) that increase susceptibility to the disease.
Now an international collaboration of researchers has identified a further 21 new genes and loci. The team of scientists and clinicians involved used DNA samples from almost 12,000 people.
Many were from UK patient collections and analysed originally in the Wellcome Trust Case Control Consortium ?
the largest study ever undertaken into the genetics underlying common diseases ? with others coming from European and North American collections.

"We now know of more than thirty genetic regions that affect susceptibility to Crohn's disease," says Dr Jeffrey Barrett from the Wellcome Trust Centre for Human Genetics at the University of Oxford, lead author of the study.
"These explain only about a fifth of the genetic risk, which implies that there may be hundreds of genes implicated in the disease, each increasing susceptibility by a small amount.

385 F F2008/06/30() 05:53:58 ID:???
Complexity of Crohn's disease revealed as 'gene' count tops 30(2)

"Whilst this study shows the power of genome wide association studies to reveal the genetics behind common diseases, it also highlights the complexity of diseases such as Crohn's."

Genome wide association studies have led to an explosion in the number of genes known to be implicated in complex diseases such as diabetes, heart disease and Crohn's disease.
The first two Crohn's disease susceptibility genes were discovered in 2001, followed by a third in 2006.
The Wellcome Trust Case Control Consortium and parallel studies took that number above ten the following year using genome wide association studies.
This number has now almost trebled to thirty-two.

Amongst the findings are loci containing genes known to be implicated in a number of other common diseases including diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis and psoriasis.
However, the genetic relationship between Crohn's and these other diseases is not always straightforward.
For example, the genetic variant PTPN2 appears to increase susceptibility to both Crohn's disease and type 1 diabetes.
But the similarly named PTPN22 increases the risk of developing type 1 diabetes, yet appears to offer protection from Crohn's.

Although some of the disease connections were unsurprising ? there is already a known epidemiological correlation between Crohn's disease and psoriasis, for example ? the ORMDL3 gene on chromosome 17 provided the most unexpected link.
ORMDL3 was already known to be a genetic risk factor for childhood asthma, but until now, no epidemiological link had ever been seen between asthma and Crohn's disease.

386 F F2008/06/30() 05:54:21 ID:???
Complexity of Crohn's disease revealed as 'gene' count tops 30(3)

"It's too early for us to say how Crohn's disease and many of these other diseases, including asthma, are linked at a biological level,"
says Dr Miles Parkes, Consultant Gastroenterologist at Addenbrooke's Hospital and the University of Cambridge, who also worked on the study.
"However, we are building up a picture of the biology underlying Crohn's disease, and the more we understand about the underlying biology of these diseases, the better equipped we will be to treat them.

"Studies such as this are not about developing diagnostic tests, but about identifying targets for new drugs therapies.
Crohn's disease can be a very serious condition, often requiring surgery, and the sooner we can understand the underlying causes, the sooner we will be able to devise new treatments to help our patients."

Some of the most likely candidates for so-called "druggable" targets include the CCR6 gene, which is thought to be part of the signalling machinery that causes white blood cells in the gut to become over-active, leading to inflammation.
These particular white blood cells, known as Th17 cells, are also present in inflamed joints, implying that CCR6 may also be relevant to rheumatoid arthritis, and therefore of added interest to the pharmaceutical industry.

"Genetics, and particularly the large scale approach of genome wide association studies, offers much hope for understanding the biological causes of complex diseases," says Dr Mark Walport, Director of the Wellcome Trust.
"Studies such as this also highlight the important relationships between different diseases and, as such, may offer valuable insights into the pathways that lead to common symptoms such as inflammation."

387 F F2008/06/30() 21:43:41 ID:???
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http://ascii.jp/elem/000/000/145/145386/

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http://internet.watch.impress.co.jp/cda/news/2008/06/30/20098.html

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http://itpro.nikkeibp.co.jp/article/NEWS/20080630/309765/

390 F F2008/06/30() 21:45:38 ID:???
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http://www.itmedia.co.jp/enterprise/articles/0806/30/news012.html

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http://itpro.nikkeibp.co.jp/article/NEWS/20080630/309730/

392 F F2008/07/01() 00:54:47 ID:???
Musical Ability Connected to Genes

A team of Finnish and American geneticists has found that that, for some people at least, music is in their genes.
In what the researchers called the first study of its kind, they found specific regions of chromosomes that were connected to musical ability.
The report appeared in the Journal of Medical Genetics.

The subjects were 234 members of several generations of 15 families in Finland.
The team used a number of tests to gauge musical skill: one measured pitch, another tested the ability to keep a beat.
The chromosomal regions that were found to be connected to music are known to be involved in the migration of neurons during development.
And the study also found that the musical DNA overlapped with a region associated with dyslexia.
That finding suggests that language and music have a common evolutionary background. Of course youfre going to need more than the right genes to make you a good musician.
Because while the N and R trains will take you there, the best way to get to Carnegie Hall remains practice!

http://www.sciam.com/podcast/episode.cfm?id=D9B28158-0DA7-0B9B-7A9ED831AB12AA80&sc

393 F F2008/07/01() 04:08:06 ID:???
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http://robot.watch.impress.co.jp/cda/news/2008/07/01/1152.html

394 F F2008/07/01() 04:22:52 ID:???
Gay Is Not All in the Genes(1)

Why are some people gay?
Most researchers who study sexual orientation think that both genetic and environmental factors play a role, but the relative contributions of each remain unclear.
A new study of Swedish twins reinforces earlier findings that environmental influences--including the environment in the womb--may play a greater role than genes.

Scientists studying complex human behaviors often turn to twin studies.
Researchers look at both identical and fraternal twins to see how often they share a trait--a parameter called concordance.
The greater the concordance among genetically identical twins compared with fraternal twins--who share only half of their genes--the more likely that genetic factors are involved.

Earlier twin studies of sexual orientation have suggested varying degrees of genetic and environmental influences.
But they have suffered from the limitations typical of all twin studies.
These include small sample sizes and assumptions that identical and fraternal twins both have the same family environments;
if identical twins are treated more similarly by their parents than fraternal twins, for example, this could be mistaken for a genetic influence.
Recruitment biases are also an issue: Some studies have enlisted participants who openly identify themselves as gay, who may not be typical of the entire homosexual population.

395 F F2008/07/01() 04:24:18 ID:???
Gay Is Not All in the Genes(2)

To try to get around these problems, a team led by Niklas Langstrom, a psychiatrist at the Karolinska Institute in Stockholm, recruited subjects from the Swedish Twin Registry, the world's largest.
All 43,808 twins born in Sweden between 1959 and 1985 were invited to participate in a Web-based survey that comprised a wide range of questions about personal behaviors and experiences.
The team ended up with a sample of 3826 twin pairs, of which 2320 were identical and 1506 fraternal. Of that sample, roughly 5% of men and 8% of women reported sexual activity with a member of the same sex at least once during their lifetimes.
Then they plugged the survey responses into a standard mathematical model for comparing identical and fraternal twins.

To try to get around these problems, a team led by Niklas Langstrom, a psychiatrist at the Karolinska Institute in Stockholm, recruited subjects from the Swedish Twin Registry, the world's largest.
All 43,808 twins born in Sweden between 1959 and 1985 were invited to participate in a Web-based survey that comprised a wide range of questions about personal behaviors and experiences.
The team ended up with a sample of 3826 twin pairs, of which 2320 were identical and 1506 fraternal. Of that sample, roughly 5% of men and 8% of women reported sexual activity with a member of the same sex at least once during their lifetimes.
Then they plugged the survey responses into a standard mathematical model for comparing identical and fraternal twins.

396 F F2008/07/01() 04:24:47 ID:???
Gay Is Not All in the Genes(3)

The results, published online this month in the Archives of Sexual Behavior, confirm earlier findings that identical twins are more concordant for same-sex behaviors than fraternal twins are but only modestly so:
In men, genetic effects appeared to explain 34% to 39% of the differences between the two twin groups, whereas in women, genetics accounted for only about 18% to 19% of the difference--a finding consistent with
other research showing that sexual orientation in women is not as rigidly determined as it is in men.

As for what environmental factors might be at play, the authors point out that these might not be entirely social but could also be biological.
For example, some studies have suggested that exposure to prenatal hormones or even the mother's immune system could influence the sexual development of a fetus.

J. Michael Bailey, a psychologist at Northwestern University in Evanston, Illinois, who led earlier twin studies of sexual orientation, calls the new study "good, important, and one unlikely to be bettered in the near future."
But Jonathan Beckwith, a geneticist at Harvard Medical School in Boston, says that the new work fails to overcome a number of problems faced by previous twin studies.
He notes that the final sample included only 12% of the males in the Swedish registry, leaving open the possibility of recruitment bias.
And Beckwith says that the failure to control for family environment could inflate estimates of genetic influence.

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397 F F2008/07/01() 19:12:14 ID:???
Violence declines with medication use in some with schizophrenia(1)

Some schizophrenia patients become less prone to violence when taking medication, but those with a history of childhood conduct problems continue to
pose a higher risk even with treatment, according to a new study by researchers at Duke University Medical Center.
"This is the first large randomized controlled study to compare the effectiveness of several commonly-prescribed medications for schizophrenia on reducing community violence,"
said Jeffrey Swanson, professor in psychiatry and behavioral sciences and the study's lead author.
"Serious violent behavior is not frequent among people with schizophrenia, but when it does occur, the results can be costly and tragic."

The study found that violence declined significantly when patients took antipsychotic medications as prescribed, but only among patients whose prior risk for violence could be linked to psychotic symptoms.
The researchers identified a subgroup of schizophrenia patients with a history of childhood conduct problems who were more likely to be violent at the beginning of the study.
Among these patients, violence was not strongly related to psychotic symptoms, and did not significantly decline with adherence to prescribed antipsychotic medication during the six-month study period.

The new results, which are from the National Institute of Mental Health's Clinical Antipsychotic Trials of Intervention Effectiveness (CATIE) study, are published in the July issue of The British Journal of Psychiatry.
"In the past, we've not understood very well why a small proportion of patients with schizophrenia become seriously violent,
while most do not--and why medication seems to prevent violent behavior in some and not others," said Marvin Swartz, professor of psychiatry and coauthor of the study.

398 F F2008/07/01() 19:12:49 ID:???
Violence declines with medication use in some with schizophrenia(2)

"These findings tell us that people with schizophrenia may behave violently for reasons not directly related to their mental illness. If that's the case, then treatment for psychotic symptoms alone may not eliminate the risk of violence."

Researchers found that a number of factors contributed to violent acts independently of the person's schizophrenia.
In addition to childhood conduct problems, substance abuse, being the victim of past violent acts, poverty and living with others, rather than alone, were all predictors of violent behavior.
Medication is the primary course of schizophrenia treatment to reduce symptoms and hopefully prevent violent acts. This study found that newer antipsychotics are as effective as older medications in reducing violence among people with schizophrenia.
"Contrary to the expectations of many clinicians and some research, this study found no benefit for newer medications over an older medication in reducing the risk for violence over the six-month study period," Swanson said.
"In fact, one of the newer medications, quetiapine, performed worse than the first-generation drug perphenanize."

The CATIE study included 1,445 patients with schizophrenia who were randomly assigned to treatment with one of five antipsychotic medications, including olanzapine, perphenanize, quetiapine, risperidone, or ziprasidone.
"Antipsychotic drugs may help reduce violence risk, but they don't address all of the causes of violent behavior and they don't help at all if people can't or won't take the medication prescribed.
We also need interventions to help patients stay engaged in treatment," Swartz added.

399 F F2008/07/01() 19:22:06 ID:???
Spiritual effects of hallucinogens persist, Johns Hopkins researchers report(1)

In a follow-up to research showing that psilocybin, a substance contained in "sacred mushrooms," produces substantial spiritual effects, a Johns Hopkins team reports that those beneficial effects appear to last more than a year.

Writing in the Journal of Psychopharmacology, the Johns Hopkins researchers note that most of the 36 volunteer subjects given psilocybin, under controlled conditions in a Hopkins study published in 2006,
continued to say 14 months later that the experience increased their sense of well-being or life satisfaction.

"Most of the volunteers looked back on their experience up to 14 months later and rated it as the most, or one of the five most, personally meaningful and spiritually significant of their lives,"
says lead investigator Roland Griffiths, Ph.D., a professor in the Johns Hopkins departments of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences and Neuroscience.

In a related paper, also published in the Journal of Psychopharmacology, researchers offer recommendations for conducting this type of research.

The guidelines caution against giving hallucinogens to people at risk for psychosis or certain other serious mental disorders.
Detailed guidance is also provided for preparing participants and providing psychological support during and after the hallucinogen experience.
These "best practices" contribute both to safety and to the standardization called for in human research.

400 F F2008/07/01() 19:22:42 ID:???
Spiritual effects of hallucinogens persist, Johns Hopkins researchers report(2)

"With appropriately screened and prepared individuals, under supportive conditions and with adequate supervision,
hallucinogens can be given with a level of safety that compares favorably with many human research and medical procedures," says that paper's lead author,
Mathew W. Johnson, Ph.D., a psychopharmacologist and instructor in the Johns Hopkins Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences.

The two reports follow a 2006 study published in another journal, Psychopharmacology, in which 60 percent of a group of 36 healthy,
well-educated volunteers with active spiritual lives reported having a "full mystical experience" after taking psilocybin.
{See http://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/Press_releases/2006/07_11_06.html}

Psilocybin, a plant alkaloid, exerts its influence on some of the same brain receptors that respond to the neurotransmitter serotonin.
Mushrooms containing psilocybin have been used in some cultures for hundreds of years or more for religious, divinatory and healing purposes.

Fourteen months later, Griffiths re-administered the questionnaires used in the first study -- along with a specially designed set of follow up questions -- to all 36 subjects.
Results showed that about the same proportion of the volunteers ranked their experience in the study as the single most, or one of the five most,
personally meaningful or spiritually significant events of their lives and regarded it as having increased their sense of well-being or life satisfaction.

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